Allenwiller Town Hall
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Roger Muller|
|• Land1||5.96 km2 (2.30 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||85/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||67004 / 67310|
|Elevation||225–400 m (738–1,312 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Allenwillerois or Allenwilleroises.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Administration
- 4 Demography
- 5 Education
- 6 Economy
- 7 Sites and monuments
- 8 Events and celebrations in Allenwiller
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes and references
A small village in the Bas-Rhin department in the Alsace region, Allenwiller is part of the Canton of Marmoutier. It is located at an altitude of 242 metres and neighbours the communes of Salenthal and Singrist. The commune has an area of 596 hectares.
Allenwiller is located about 35 kilometres west by north-west of Strasbourg and 10 km south of Saverne. The nearest store and railway station are at Marmoutier about 7 kilometres to the north.
All distances are road distances measured from road D817 (Rue de Romanswiller). From Allenwiller to:
The largest town near Allenwiller is the town of Saverne, located northwest of the commune.
Two rivers pass through Allenwiller: the Sommerau and the Sommergraben.
Allenwiller has often changed ownership. First owned by the Abbey of Marmoutier, it passed to the Bishop of Metz in 828, then to the lords of Ochsenstein in 1187, to the County of Zweibrücken-Bitsch in 1485, to Hanau-Lichtenberg in 1570, then finally to Hesse-Darmstadt in 1736.
Successive names of Allenwiller were:
- Alenevilla (10th century);
- Alhinwilre (13th century);
- Alhenwilre (14th century);
- Alenwilre (15th century);
- then Allenwiller.
The first written record of the existence of Allenwiller traces back to the 10th century.
The village often served as a pledge in return for a loan or debt.
In 1641 there were more people living in Allenwiller but the Thirty Years' War, poverty, famine, and pestilence destroyed the village. The repopulation of the village was carried out by families from Switzerland, Tyrol, Vorarlberg, and Normandy.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2009, the commune had 507 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
At the 2011 census, there were 767 inhabitants in Allenwiller.
- At the time of the Revolution
- 1792: 238 inhabitants
- 1793: 632 inhabitants
- 1794: 482 inhabitants
In 1793 the population of Allenwiller was very high possibly due to the of quartering of troops.
- In the 19th century
A slight increase:
- 1806: 445 inhabitants
- 1836: 496 inhabitants
- 1875: 506 inhabitants
- In the 20th century
First there was a decrease and then a rise in the second half of the century:
- 1905: 415 inhabitants
- 1941: 350 inhabitants
- 1954: 369 inhabitants
- 1975: 378 inhabitants
- 1990: 418 inhabitants
- 2009: 515 inhabitants
- 2010: 507 inhabitants
Repopulation after the Thirty Years War
Kieffer, in his Pfarrbuch of Hanau-Lichtenberg, published a survey dating from 1641. This is the statement of the royalties due to the lord. It lists all the different posts and after each post, there is the word "Nichts" meaning nil. It ends with the line "Wagenfrohnden nichts" meaning nothing. The explanation lies in a footnote: "es ist keine lebendige Seele meht in Allenwiller": there are not many people living in Allenwiller.
In order to repopulate the village families came from Switzerland: the Clauss family, the Mullers, and the Zimmermanns came from the Bernese Oberland; the Gass family and The Steiners came from Basel. These people left their countries because the economic situation there was unenviable and a peasant revolt had been severely repressed. Other families came from Tyrol and Vorarlberg.
Still others came from Normandy. The Lord of Birkenwald, Gabriel du Terrier, brought families from his native province of Normandy. Their names underwent some modifications to French:
- Bastien = Bastian
- Messance = Messang
- Rollin = Rolling
- La Vitte = Virra = Wetha = Wetta
In 1687 Pierre Vitta was the manager of Birkenwald Castle.
Students from Allenwiller attend nursery school in the commune. The primary school is at Salenthal. College students go to the Leonardo da Vinci College at Marmoutier and high school students go to the Leclerc school or to Haut-Barr in Saverne. In late 2011 a new school was built as an inter-school for the three villages that are in the regional grouping (RPI) (Allenwiller, Salenthal, and Birkenwald).
An Alsatian theatre takes place from February to May, but not every year for various reasons.
Sites and monuments
"Keyser Schulteis 1739" is the text above the entrance which provides information on the date of construction of the present nave. Some stones and other traces of the old tower prove the existence of a very old Romanesque nave, followed by a Gothic nave. The Romanesque bell tower has three floors with the ground floor serving as the choir. A eucharistic wall cabinet is dated 1473. It resembles the wall tabernacle that is in the sacristy of Salenthal from 1465.
The Catholic church is in the Gothic Revival style. The stones are a beautiful Vosges sandstone from a local quarry. The laying of the cornerstone took place on 29 September 1905 and the church was opened on 29 September 1906 - a record construction time which deserves mention. Catholics and Protestants used the same church for 219 years. On 28 August 1939 it came close to disaster when lightning struck the steeple. The priest Bernhart was absent and it was Pastor Gerold who gave the alarm. Able-bodied men were mobilized. These improvised firefighters saved the building taking many risks. Since then, many works have been carried out:
- Painting, upgrading of the organ, heating, paving, tiling
- Double glazing, a wooden ceiling, painting, sound system.
- These works are financed by a charity fair, a theatre, voluntary work, and anonymous benefactors.
The current cemetery was opened in September 1847. It is common to both Catholics and Protestants. A special collection helped to erect the cross in the middle of the cemetery. It is also dated September 1847.
The "Napoleon" benches are dated 1811 - the date of birth of Napoleon II. There is a "Eugenie" bench named after Empress Eugenie, wife of Napoleon III. These benches are dated 1854, 1855 and 1856. When the first trains connected the larger communities, these benches facilitated travel in the countryside. Erected every 2 km, there were 448 in the Bas-Rhin department. As victims of road widening they gradually disappeared and one was stolen on 3 November 2010 for unknown reasons.
Events and celebrations in Allenwiller
- the first Sunday of October: Messti for the village.
- Communes of the Bas-Rhin department
- Communes of the Bas-Rhin department sorted by arrondissements and cantons
- Communities of Communes of the Bas-Rhin département
- Arrondissements of the Bas-Rhin département
- Cantons of the Bas-Rhin département
- INSEE commune file (French)
- Allenwiller on the annuaire-mairie.fr website (French)
- Allenwiller on the National Geographic Institute website (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
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