Allerton Bywater

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Coordinates: 53°44′32″N 1°21′26″W / 53.7421°N 1.3571°W / 53.7421; -1.3571

Allerton Bywater
Allerton Bywater St Mary the Less and War Memorial - - 121479.jpg
Main Street: St Mary the Less church and the war memorial
Allerton Bywater is located in West Yorkshire
Allerton Bywater
Allerton Bywater
 Allerton Bywater shown within West Yorkshire
Population 3,948 (2001 census)
OS grid reference SE425275
Civil parish Allerton Bywater
Metropolitan borough City of Leeds
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district WF10
Dialling code 01977/0113
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Elmet
List of places

Allerton Bywater is a semi-rural village and civil parish in the south-east of City of Leeds metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, England. The village itself is 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Castleford and lies in the WF10 Castleford postcode area. The River Aire flows through the village to the south-west.

Allerton Bywater is built up of several smaller communities, mainly based around old mining villages including: Brigshaw, Hollinhurst and Bowers Row.

A recent development within Allerton Bywater is the Millennium Village. The Allerton Bywater Millennium Village, part of the Millennium Communities Programme will provide 520 homes (including low cost housing) and 25,000 m² of commercial and community space.

Waterside vegetation in Allerton Bywater.
The Victoria pub.

In June 2007 residents and motorists were rescued from floodwaters by firefighters and RAF helicopter after torrential rain. Heavy rain in November 2000 also forced nearby residents from flooded homes. Allerton Bywater is approximately 1 mile from St Aidan's, a 400 hectare wetland.

Allerton Bywater was in local and national news in 2008 when the Congregation of St Johns Catholic church protested against the closure of their Parish Church, chaining themselves to railings when assesors came around to assess the value of the church and lands.[1] This was followed by a strong campaign of letters and e-mails and interviews with the BBC. The congregation remaining loyal to their Priest petitioned the Vatican and employed a Catholic Canon Lawyer to defend their case. This was the strongest opposition to the closure of a Catholic Church in Yorkshire since 1989 when the Church of Mount St Marys in Leeds was closed which was seen at the time as a scandal.

The east Leeds bikers club is based in Allerton Bywater and holds meetings every Wednesday.

Allerton Pottery[edit]

Robinson Brothers operated as earthenware and pottery manufacturers at premises on Main Street, Allerton Bywater. A fire at the pottery in 1888 caused £700 worth of damage to the upper storey and roof of a building measuring 20 yards long by 8 yards wide. 2 tons of straw were lost in the blaze which was caused by a pan of wax boiling over.[2] A map of Allerton Bywater dated 1893 shows the site of the pottery between the River Aire and Main Street at the northern end of the street.[3] The brothers, John and Tom, also operated a pottery in Castleford known as Eleven Acres Pottery. Examples of their red earthenware flower pots can be found in the Wakefield Museum Collections.[4] In 1898 the Robinson Brothers partnership was dissolved by mutual consent. Thereafter, John Robinson continued to carry on business at the Castleford Pottery and Tom Robinson continued at the Allerton Pottery.[5] By 1902 Tom was in financial difficulties and a receiving order was made in respect of his bankruptcy.[6][7] The Encyclopaedia of British Pottery and Porcelain Marks gives two marks for the Allerton Pottery: R.B. for Robinson Brothers (1897 - 1904) and J.R & S. for John Robinson & Son (1905 - 1933).[8]

Bowers Row[edit]

Bowers Row was originally a mining community comprising eight streets, 120 houses, a school house and a chapel. Nearly every male resident worked at one of the two pits (Bowers Victoria and Bowers Albert) to the north of the village. The school was built in 1865 by the local landowners, the Lowthers. The first chapel, known as Bowers Allerton Mission Hall, was built in 1896. The current Mission Hall was started in 1927.[9] The original houses were demolished in the 1950s and the school became the Alexander Rose sewing factory.

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