Allestree

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This article is about the suburb of Derby, England. For the town in Australia, see Allestree, Victoria.
Allestree
A set of steps leading up to a country house
Allestree Hall
Allestree is located in Derbyshire
Allestree
Allestree
 Allestree shown within Derbyshire
Population 13,621 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SK345395
   – London 114 mi (183 km)  
Unitary authority Derby
Ceremonial county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DERBY
Postcode district DE22
Dialling code 01332
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Mid Derbyshire
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Coordinates: 52°57′07″N 1°29′08″W / 52.9519°N 1.4856°W / 52.9519; -1.4856

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Allestree is a suburb and ward of the city of Derby, a unitary authority area, in Derbyshire, England. It is the northernmost ward and is situated on the A6 road, about 2 miles (3 km) north of Derby city centre. It is bordered by the district of Amber Valley along its western and northern edges and Erewash in its north-east corner. To the south it borders the ward of Mackworth and to the east the ward of Darley Abbey.

Allestree village was previously part of the Earl of Northumbria's estate before the Norman Conquest and was mentioned in the Doomesday book as part of the Markeaton estate. The Allestree estate was acquired by the Mundy family in 1516 and stayed in the family until it was bought by Derby City Council in the early 20th Centruy. The ward now contains the remaining parts of the village of Markeaton and became a parish in its own right in 1864 and was incorporated into the Borough of Derby in 1968.

The ward is largely residential and has two parks, Allestree Park to the north and Markeaton Park to the south. Markeaton park is the most used leisure facility in Derby with over 1 million visitors a year. The shopping needs of the area are met with the Park Farm shopping center which celebrated it's 50th anniversary in 2013 and at it's inception was one of the largest of it's kind in Europe.

History[edit]

St Edmund's Church

Middle Ages

Before the Norman conquest Allestree was a hamlet consisting of a few scattered dwellings that was part of the holding of the Earl of Northumbria.[1] Later it was recorded in the Domesday book of 1086 as Adelardestreu,[2] an outlier of the Manor of Markeaton held by Hugh, Earl of Chester.[1][3] It was given by William the Conqueror to Henry de Ferrers as a reward for his work in the Norman Conquest and later it passed to the Touchet family of Markeaton.

During the 12th century most of the land changed hands and was sold to the Abbey of St Mary, in Darley, and then rented back to the Touchet family. It was purchased by Sir John Mundy along with the estates of Markeaton and Mackworth from Lord Audley in 1516[4] and stayed in the family's possession until it was sold to the Evans family in 1781. Between 1660 and 1690, Derby was represented in Parliament by Roger Allestry and his son William Allestry. They took their name from the village, rather than vice-versa.[5]

Allestree Village

Allestree was formally a distinct rural settlement centred around St Edmunds Church, the old village centre was designated a Conservation Area by the City Council in September 1991.[6] The designated area starts on Cornhill encompassing part of the golf course on Allestree Park. All houses on St Edmund Close, Siddals Lane, The Poplars and the area to the north of Church Walk are included, as well as St Edmund's Church and the adjacent Red Cow inn. The area surrounding the old village centre contains seven listed buildings, the church being the oldest, dating back to the 12th century.[7] The church dates from the 12th century but all that remains of the original building is the ornately-carved Romanesque doorway.

The village became a parish in its own right in 1864 and was incorporated into the Borough of Derby in 1968.[6] [1] Parts of the civil parish of Markeaton were incorporated into Allestree in 1934.[8] Markeaton was originally a large estate that spread out through the northwest of Derby. It contained three outlying settlements that would later become Manors in their own right: Allestree, Knivedon, and Mackworth. It was owned at the time, as was Allestree, by Earl Hugh of Chester and controlled by a member of the Touchet family.[1][3] The area now within Allestree contains what is left of the old village centre, which is Markeaton manor, its grounds and Markeaton park.

Substantial development in the 1960s and 1970s lead to the incorporation of Allestree into the borough of Derby

Geography[edit]

Allestree lies on Upper Trias Sandstone

Allestree is the northernmost ward of the district of Derby and as such its northern and western borders are mainly countryside as the ward gives way to the district of Amber Valley. The border with Darley to the east follows the A38 from Ashbourne Road roundabout up until it crosses the River Derwent. The border then follows the river then crosses the A6 and follows the border of Allestree Park. To the south the border runs along Ashbourne Road from the A38 to Markeaton Lane until it meets Markeaton brook, which it follows. It then runs along Kedleston Road which it leaves and goes behind Woodlands Community School and Laburnum Crescent and finishes at Allestree Park.[9]

The geology of the area consists of thick sandstones and marls formed in desert conditions in the Triassic period, some 250 million years ago, and thin-bedded sandstones and shales formed 300 million years ago in the Carboniferous period. Most of Britain at this time was a huge delta carrying vast amounts of sediment.[10] These belong to the Millstone Grit formation which makes up much of the Peak District.

Allestree's highest point is in the northern part of Allestree Park next to the water tower. This is also the highest part of the city of Derby.[11]

Climate[edit]

Allestree
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
42
 
7
2
 
 
31
 
8
2
 
 
33
 
10
3
 
 
47
 
13
4
 
 
47
 
16
7
 
 
52
 
19
10
 
 
52
 
22
12
 
 
51
 
22
12
 
 
51
 
18
10
 
 
64
 
14
7
 
 
52
 
10
4
 
 
51
 
7
2
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [12]


Due to its location in southern Derbyshire, Allestree has a temperate climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) with a small variation in daily and annual temperatures. The warmest month is July, with an average temperature range of 11.4 °C to 21.3 °C, and the coolest month is January, with a range of 1.2 °C to 6.9 °C. Maximum and minimum temperatures throughout the year are around the England average,[13] and as with most of England, Allestree is in AHS Heat zone 2.[14] South Derbyshire's average annual rainfall is about 606 millimetres (24 in), with October to January being the wettest period but October being the wettest month, compared with the national average of 838 millimetres (33 in).[13]

Landmarks[edit]

Allestree Park & Hall[edit]

Main article: Allestree Hall

The area known as Allestree Park was enclosed in about 1818 and lies in the northern part of Allestree just inside the city boundaries. It has over 319 acres (1.29 km2) of parkland, an 18-hole golf course, a permanent orienteering course and an angling lake. The park area not including the golf course has been designated a nature reserve due to the diversity of habitats and species present on the site. [15] The main habitats present within the Nature Reserve include a large area of woodland to the north, a number of fields which have a mixture of quality of grassland and a stream which flows through the site and a number of associated marshes.

Allestree Hall is a 19th-century former country house situated in Allestree Park. It is a Grade II* listed building[16] made of millstone grit from Derwent bank. The house begun by Bache Thornhill was completed by John Giradot (High Sheriff of Derbyshire) with three storeys and five bays, the central three bowed with an ionic columned porch. [17][16] Since the 1980s the hall has been unoccupied, and was included in the English Heritage At Risk Register 2010, which states that the internal condition of the building is poor but fair overall. The city and English Heritage are looking to find a suitable scheme to enable it's redevelopment.[18]

Markeaton Park[edit]

Main article: Markeaton

Markeaton Park is the second park situated in Allestree and lies in the south of the suburb, bordering Mackworth Estate below and Darley Abbey to the east. The park has a long history, with it being used to raise deer and boar as far back as the 1500s[19]

A hall was built on the estate in the 16th Century though the exact dates are unknown, this was demolished in 1755 and a new hall erected in the same location designed by James Denstone of Derby. In 1964 Markeaton Hall was demolised due to neglect and structural damage caused during the army's stay there. The only remnants of the original hall is the late 18th Century Grade II listed Orangery [16] that is used as a cafe, a number of walled gardens and ornamental gardens such as the formal terrace, the Rose Garden and herbaceous borders. .[20]

In September 1975 the park and its surroundings were designated a Conservation Area[21] and Markeaton Park today is a public park covering approximately 85 hectares (0.85 km2) and is the most-used leisure facility in Derby with over 1 million visitors per year. It has a wide variety of activities that are spread throughout the park. These include a boating lake, pitch and putt course, children's playground, mini golf course and a light railway. The park attracts people from around Derby but also from smaller surrounding towns such as Belper, Ilkeston and Ashbourne and even from as far as Nottingham and Sheffield. Markeaton Park can therefore be considered to be of regional significance.[20]

Public Houses[edit]

There are 4 Public houses in Allestree: The Markeaton (a former hotel on Allestree Lane), The Woodlands (an 'Estate' pub on Blenheim Drive), The Red Cow (the old village pub located next to St Edmunds Church), as well as Allestree British Legion (on Cornhill). During the 1960s the Park Farm Hotel was opened at Park Farm Shopping Centre, but this closed and was boarded up in the late 1990s and has never reopened due to the general downturn in the pub business.

Old Village Centre[edit]

The historical village center is located on the junction of St Edmunds Close, Cornhill and Park Lane. This area has the majority of listed buildiings within the ward with the 13th Century St Edmunds Church, Red Cow inn and Old School house along St Edmunds Close and 3 properties along Cornhill. Yew tree cottage is further along Cornhill away from the village center but is the only timber framed and thatched cottage left in the area. [7]

Park Farm Shopping Centre[edit]

Park Farm Shopping Centre is a shopping centre located on Birchover way. It was opening in October 1963 and at the time was once one of the largest of it's kind in Europe. The centre was designed by Burton architects William Blair and Partners and was built on farm land. At the time of it's 50th anniversary in 2013 it had a vacancy rate 4% lower than the national average. The centre contains a variety of shops and services, including a doctors surgery, a library and small businesses.[22]

Demography[edit]

Allestree Compared[23][24]
UK Census 2011 Allestree Derby England
Total population 13,622 248,752 53,012,456
Foreign born (outside Europe) 3.3% 9.4% 9.4%
White 95.6% 80.2% 85.5%
Asian 2.2% 12.6% 7.7%
Black 0.6% 3% 3.4%
Mean age 45.8 37.6 39.3
Christian 68.8% 52.7% 59.4%
No religion 22.3% 27.6% 24.7%
Muslim 0.7% 7.6% 5.0%

At the 2011 census Allestree had a population of 13,622 spread out over its 648 hectares (6.48 km2) hectares. The population is predominantly white and born in England, with 95.6% declaring themselves white at the 2011 census. Only 8.24% of Allestree residents were born outside England with that figure dropping to 4.54% for outside the UK. The under 16s account for 17% of the population while the over 75s account for 11.35% which is higher than the national average 7.54%: this is reflected by a high mean age.

The area is largely Christian with 68.8% identifying themselves as such, according to the 2011 census. The oldest church in the ward is St Edmund's church (Anglican) which has parts that date back to the 13th century. There are six churches in total in the suburb.[25] After Christianity the largest group is "No religion" then followed in descending order by Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Other and Judaism.

The ward had a large amount of expansion in the 1930s when the area surrounding the historic village centre was developed this is reflected in the increase in population between the 1931 and 1951 Census. A second wave of devlopment occured during the 1960s and 1970s around the Park Farm and Blenheim Drive area's which resulted in the ward being incorporated into Borough of Derby[9]

Population since 1801
Unit Type Chapelry Civil Parish in Belper District Ward of Derby
Year 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
Population[26][23][27] 350 380 361 501 507 557 529 593 586 571 589 569 602 1,258 - 4,505 7,298 13,668 10,192 9,293 13,017 13,621

Economy[edit]

The area has been described as a "socially advantaged area".[28][29] At the 2001 census the unemployment rate was lower than the English average of 5.8% at 3.6% with 25.67% of those being long-term unemployed compared with the national average of 30.26%. The main sources of employment in the ward are manufacturing (19.39%), real estate; renting and business activities (14.07%), wholesale and retail trade (14%), health and social work (11.85%) and education (11.68%). The average distance travelled to a fixed place of work stands at 12.31 km.

Education[edit]

University of Derby, main campus

There are two Primary Schools in Allestree; Portway Junior School on Robincroft Road, and Lawn Primary School on Norbury Close behind Park Farm. At the 2007 Ofsted inspection, Portway had 298 students from age 7-11. The report gave the school an overall score of Good, saying however that personal development and well-being were outstanding.[28] Lawn is a larger school than Portway and at the 2005 Ofsted report had 414 children from age 4-11 on roll.[29] The school was said to be satisfactory with a few areas for improvement.

Allestree Woodlands School is the local secondary school with a sixth form, catering for around 1150 pupils aged 11–18. In the 2014 Ofsted inspection report it was rated Good.[30] It was a former secondary modern school, becoming comprehensive in September 1975. Derby County Manager Nigel Clough attended this school when his father, Brian Clough, was the Manager of Derby County in the 'Glory Days'. Allestree is also within the catchment area of The Ecclesbourne School.

The University of Derby has its main campus within the ward. It is situated on Kedleston Road and has been since the buildings were opened in 1960 for the College of Technology.

Notable people[edit]

  • Alan Bates, actor, was born here in 1934 and lived on Derwent Avenue.[31]
    Blue Plaque on Alan Bates' Allestree home.
  • Brian Clough, Football Manager and Player, lived in Ferrers Way, Allestree during the glory days of Derby County (1967–1973)
  • Nigel Clough, Derby County Manager and former Nottingham Forest and Liverpool footballer, attended both Lawn Primary and Woodlands Community Schools. He played for Allestree Juniors, the local Sunday League team.[32][33]
  • Septimus Atterbury, footballer, was born in Allestree.[34]
  • Felix Dodds, sustainable development activist and author, was born here in 1956 and went to Lawn Primary School

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Discover Allestree". Discover Derbyshire and the Peak District. Archived from the original on 15 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-30. 
  2. ^ Davies, David Peter History of Derbyshire: Derbyshire's Parishes 1811 transcribed by www.andrewsgen.com "Andrew Pages, The". Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  3. ^ a b "Allestree in Domesday Book". Doomsday book Online. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  4. ^ "Photographs of Markeaton, Derby, England". DerbyPhotos.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  5. ^ "ALLESTRY, William". History of Parliment Online. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  6. ^ a b Derby City Council. "Derby Conservation Areas Allestree" (PDF). Derby Constervation Areas. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  7. ^ a b ">"Allestree, Derby, England". Derby Photos. Retrieved 2014-12-18. 
  8. ^ "History of Markeaton". A vision of Britain through time. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  9. ^ a b "Townscape Character Assessment:Allestree Ward". Derby City Council. 
  10. ^ Wild Derby Accessed August 29, 2007 (2007-08-29)
  11. ^ "County and Unitary Authority Tops". Hill Bagging. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  12. ^ Allestreee Weather, United Kingdom Weather Averages, retrieved 17 December 2014 
  13. ^ a b "England 1971-2000 averages". Met Office. 2001. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  14. ^ Areas in American Horticultural Society Heat zone 2 experience one to seven days per year with maximum temperatures above 30 °C.
  15. ^ "Management Plan for Allestree Park LNR". Management Plans. Derby Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 18 December 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c English Heritage. "Allestree Hall  (Grade II*) (1215234)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  17. ^ "Allestree Hall". Images of England. English Heritage. 13 February 1967. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  18. ^ "English Heritage At Risk Register 2010". English Heritage At Risk Register. English Heritage. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  19. ^ Derby City Council. "A Brief History of Markeaton Park" (pdf). Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  20. ^ a b Derby City Council. "Markeaton Park Management and Maintenance Plan" (pdf). Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  21. ^ Derby City Council. "Markeaton" (pdf). Derby Conservation Areas. Retrieved 2007-11-30. 
  22. ^ [1] Derby Evening Telegraph.co.uk Accessed December 16, 2014 (2014-12-16)
  23. ^ a b United Kingdom Census 2001 (2001). "Area: Allestree (Ward)". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2007-10-24. 
  24. ^ United Kingdom Census 2001 (2001). "Derby (Local Authority)". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2007-10-24. 
  25. ^ Derbychurch.co.uk "Churches in the City of Derby". Retrieved 2007-08-29. 
  26. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics". Office For national statistics. 
  27. ^ "A vision of Allestree". A vision of Britain through time. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  28. ^ a b Storer, Glynn "Ofsted Inspection Report: Portway Junior School, Page 1, 2007" Accessed August 29, 2007 (2007-08-29)
  29. ^ a b Lennon, Alan "Ofsted Inspection Report: Lawn Junior School, 2005" Accessed August 29, 2007 (2007-08-29)
  30. ^ [2] 2014 Ofsted Inspection Report
  31. ^ Alan Bates Biography "Alan Bates". IMDB. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 
  32. ^ Derby County boss Nigel Clough goes back to his roots as former school celebrates 50 years Derby Telegraph, 8 September 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  33. ^ Derby City Guide - Allestree in Derby
  34. ^ "Septimus Atterbury". Greens on Screen. Retrieved 2014-12-17. 

External links[edit]