Alliance, Nebraska

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Alliance, Nebraska
City
Downtown Alliance
Downtown Alliance
Location of Alliance within county and state
Location of Alliance within county and state
Coordinates: 42°6′5″N 102°52′13″W / 42.10139°N 102.87028°W / 42.10139; -102.87028Coordinates: 42°6′5″N 102°52′13″W / 42.10139°N 102.87028°W / 42.10139; -102.87028
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Box Butte
Area[1]
 • Total 4.73 sq mi (12.25 km2)
 • Land 4.72 sq mi (12.22 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 3,967 ft (1,209 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 8,491
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 8,499
 • Density 1,798.9/sq mi (694.6/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 69301
Area code(s) 308
FIPS code 31-00905
GNIS feature ID 0834978[4]
Website cityofalliance.net

Alliance is a city in Box Butte County, in the northwestern part of the state of Nebraska, in the Great Plains region of the United States. Its population was 8,491 at the 2010 census.[5] It is the county seat of Box Butte County.[6]

Alliance is the home to Carhenge, a replica of Stonehenge constructed with automobiles, which is located north of the city.

History[edit]

The town was originally named Grand Lake. When the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad came to Grand Lake in 1888, the railroad superintendent, G.W. Holdrege, wanted to change it to a simple one-word name closer to the beginning of the alphabet, which he thought would be better for business.[7] The U.S. Post Office gave Holdrege permission, and he picked "Alliance" for the new name of the town.

The Alliance Army Airfield was established in 1942. Construction was completed in August 1943 and the Army Air Corps used the facility as a training base until the end of World War II. The facility was transferred from the federal government to the City of Alliance in 1953 and is currently in use as the Alliance Municipal Airport.

In the Lakota language, Alliance is known as čhasmú okáȟmi, meaning "Sand River Bend".[8]

Geography[edit]

Alliance is located at the western edge of Nebraska's Sand Hills. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.73 square miles (12.25 km2), of which, 4.72 square miles (12.22 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

Located in the High Plains, Alliance's climate is rather typical of the surrounding region. Under the Köppen climate classification, the town features a BSk climate, commonly described as a "Cold Steppe", with winters just below the −3 °C (26.6 °F) threshold needed to be classified as a Continental climate, if it had enough precipitation to not be arid or semi-arid.

The all-time record high for Alliance is 110 °F (43 °C), set in 1983, and the all-time record low is −42 °F (−41 °C), set in 1989. Precipitation is significantly higher in summer than in winter, with the wettest month being June, and the driest month being January.

Climate data for Alliance, Nebraska
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
(21)
77
(25)
84
(29)
91
(33)
101
(38)
105
(41)
110
(43)
105
(41)
102
(39)
91
(33)
80
(27)
72
(22)
110
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 40
(4)
42
(6)
51
(11)
60
(16)
70
(21)
80
(27)
89
(32)
87
(31)
77
(25)
63
(17)
49
(9)
40
(4)
62.3
(16.9)
Average low °F (°C) 12
(−11)
15
(−9)
22
(−6)
31
(−1)
42
(6)
52
(11)
58
(14)
56
(13)
45
(7)
32
(0)
21
(−6)
12
(−11)
33.2
(0.6)
Record low °F (°C) −31
(−35)
−40
(−40)
−25
(−32)
−12
(−24)
7
(−14)
27
(−3)
33
(1)
30
(−1)
15
(−9)
−8
(−22)
−25
(−32)
−42
(−41)
−42
(−41)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.30
(7.6)
0.38
(9.7)
0.61
(15.5)
1.69
(42.9)
2.85
(72.4)
2.98
(75.7)
1.86
(47.2)
1.54
(39.1)
1.59
(40.4)
0.90
(22.9)
0.48
(12.2)
0.32
(8.1)
15.5
(393.7)
Avg. precipitation days 5 6 8 9 11 10 9 9 8 6 6 5 92
Mean monthly sunshine hours 179 190 230 246 277 308 340 306 266 237 179 163 2,921
Source #1: [9]
Source #2: [10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 829
1900 2,535 205.8%
1910 3,105 22.5%
1920 4,591 47.9%
1930 6,669 45.3%
1940 6,253 −6.2%
1950 7,891 26.2%
1960 7,845 −0.6%
1970 6,862 −12.5%
1980 9,920 44.6%
1990 9,765 −1.6%
2000 8,959 −8.3%
2010 8,491 −5.2%
Est. 2012 8,499 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2012 Estimate[12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 8,491 people, 3,559 households, and 2,276 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,798.9 inhabitants per square mile (694.6/km2). There were 4,075 housing units at an average density of 863.3 per square mile (333.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.5% White, 0.5% African American, 4.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 4.2% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.3% of the population.

There were 3,559 households of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.0% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.96.

The median age in the city was 39.8 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 29.2% were from 45 to 64; and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,959 people, 3,565 households, and 2,392 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,879.1 people per square mile (725.2/km²). There were 4,062 housing units at an average density of 852.0 per square mile (328.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.09% White, 0.49% African American, 3.40% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.31% from other races, and 2.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.94% of the population.

There were 3,565 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $39,408, and the median income for a family was $47,766. Males had a median income of $39,122 versus $22,561 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,584. About 10.6% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Historic St. Agnes Academy is the local Catholic school.

Education[edit]

Alliance Public Schools operates five schools: Alliance Early Child Education Program School (pre-school), Emerson Elementary School (pre-school through second grade), Grandview Elementary School (Grades 2–4), Alliance Middle School (Grades 5–8), and Alliance High School (Grades 9–12).[13]

St. Agnes Academy is the local parochial school, in association with Holy Rosary and St. Bridget Catholic Churches. St. Agnes is located within a historic building designed by noted architect William L. Steele.[13][14]

Transporation[edit]

Railway[edit]

The railway line from the northern exit of the Powder River Basin, one of the largest coal-mining areas of the world, to Alliance and the eastern United States, sees a rather large number of coal trains every day,[15] to power plants in the Midwest and South.[16] In the southern areas of Alliance there is a large train yard which hosts many of these coal trains.

Carhenge[edit]

Main article: Carhenge

Among the city's attractions is Carhenge, an assemblage of thirty-eight vehicles built in the model of Stonehenge by Jim Reinders and thirty-five family members in the summer of 1987. The sculpture was constructed on the farm of Reinders's late father just north of Alliance. Other works have been built in the surrounding area of the sculpture.[17]

Notable people[edit]

In fiction[edit]

The second half of Ann Patchett's 1997 novel The Magician's Assistant is set entirely in Alliance.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ http://www.rapidcityjournal.com/thechadronnews/news/article_0bfc2de8-943e-5790-a008-f492b9e21542.html,
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "Alliance, Box Butte County". Center for Advanced Land Management Information Technologies. University of Nebraska. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  8. ^ Ullrich, Jan F. (2014). New Lakota Dictionary (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Lakota Language Consortium. ISBN 978-0-9761082-9-0. 
  9. ^ "Alliance, NE Monthly Averages". The Weather Channel. Retrieved December 4, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Alliance, Nebraska Weather". Chinci World Atlas. Retrieved December 4, 2011. 
  11. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b "Alliance Schools". Local School Directory. Local School Directory.com. Retrieved April 10, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Saint Agnes Academy". Alliance, Nebraska: Holy Rosary and St. Bridget Catholic Churches. Retrieved April 10, 2012. 
  15. ^ http://www.trainpics.de/gallery/usa/usa-crawfordhill/e-crawfordhill.html
  16. ^ http://www.pentrex.com/plains.html
  17. ^ Phaneuf, Paul. History of Carhenge, Friends of Carhenge
  18. ^ "Helen Duhamel: Hall of Fame 1992". Nebraska Broadcasters’ Association Hall of Fame. Omaha, Nebraska: Nebraska Broadcasters’ Association. 1992. Retrieved April 10, 2012. 
  19. ^ Berne, Suzanne (1997-11-16). "Sleight of Hand". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 

External links[edit]