Alliance Municipal Airport

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Not to be confused with Fort Worth Alliance Airport.
Alliance Municipal Airport
(former Alliance Army Airfield)
Alliance Municipal Airport - Nebraska.jpg
IATA: AIAICAO: KAIAFAA LID: AIA
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Alliance
Serves Alliance, Nebraska
Elevation AMSL 3,931 ft / 1,198 m
Coordinates 42°03′12″N 102°48′14″W / 42.05333°N 102.80389°W / 42.05333; -102.80389Coordinates: 42°03′12″N 102°48′14″W / 42.05333°N 102.80389°W / 42.05333; -102.80389
Website flyalliancene.com/
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
AIA is located in Nebraska
AIA
AIA
Location in Nebraska
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
12/30 9,202 2,805 Asphalt
17/35 6,311 1,924 Asphalt
8/26 6,200 1,890 Asphalt
Statistics (2011)
Aircraft operations 14,503
Based aircraft 66

Alliance Municipal Airport (IATA: AIA[2]ICAO: KAIAFAA LID: AIA) is in Box Butte County, Nebraska, three miles southeast of the city of Alliance, which owns it.[1] Great Lakes Airlines scheduled passenger flights are subsidized by the Essential Air Service program.

Great Lakes suffers a $2,450,711 annual operating loss providing service to Alliance and Chadron.[3] The airline receives a $2,619,729 annual subsidy from the U.S. Department of Transportation for the service.[4]

Federal Aviation Administration records say the airport had 1,786 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008,[5] 1,395 in 2009 and 1,416 in 2010.[6] The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a general aviation facility (the commercial service category requires 2,500 enplanements per year).[7]

History[edit]

Alliance Municipal Airport was built during World War II by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) It was one of eleven USAAF training airfields in Nebraska during World War II. On April 14, 1942, the Secretary of War authorized the establishment of the field. It was built between summer 1942 and August 1943. The 4,205-acre (17.02 km2) site is bordered by low rolling sandhills to the east, and a wide plain on the north, west and south. Snake Creek flows through the southern section of the property.

During construction over 5,000 workers came from all over the country, causing a housing shortage. The population of Alliance doubled almost overnight. Workers moved into garages, store rooms, cellars, attics, and even their own trailers in established parks. Many of the workers were Sioux Indians from the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Reservations, Mexicans from the Southwest, and blacks from Wichita and Kansas City.

The cantonment housing area of the airfield covered 1,088 acres (4.40 km2), and had 775 buildings and other structures, including hangars, chapels, warehouses, barracks, mess halls, service buildings, and latrines. Some were brick and steel, such as aircraft hangars, but most were frame construction on concrete foundations. Tar paper and plywood were generally used for walls and flooring, as the buildings were considered temporary, to be used for a few years. The airfield had a railroad spur, power plant, waterworks, sewage system and 35,503 feet (10,821 m) of runways. The airfield had been planned as a training facility for paratroops and air commandos, which needed long runways for C-47 Skytrains to tow gliders.

On August 22, 1943, a huge crowd of 65,000 people gathered for the dedication of Alliance Army Airfield, a training facility for Army paratroops and air crews. Between the opening of the airfield and spring 1944, the I Troop Carrier Command, 434th Troop Carrier Group commanded the airfield. The 411th Army Air Force Base Unit commanded the support elements at Alliance as part of Air Technical Service Command. In addition to the C-47s, the unit repaired B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator aircraft from other airfields.

Alliance AAF was divided into air operations, quartermaster, troop cantonment, and gunnery ranges. The airfield was home to as many as 14,000 paratroops in the area, using C-47 Skytrains as powered troop carriers, and CG-3/CG-4 Waco glider troop carriers for their training aircraft. The sandhills were thought to provide a softer landing than wooded areas for jumping paratroops. Known units that trained at Alliance AAF were:

The group eventually moved to the South Pacific as part of Thirteenth Air Force.
The group eventually moved to England as part of Ninth Air Force.
The group eventually moved to England as part of Ninth Air Force.
The group eventually moved to England as part of Ninth Air Force.
The group eventually moved to England as part of Ninth Air Force.
The group eventually moved to England as part of Ninth Air Force.
The group eventually moved to England as part of Ninth Air Force.
The group eventually moved to the China-Burma-India Theater.
The group trained cadres for troop carrier groups and trained replacement crews. It was inactivated in place.

In addition to the USAAF units, the Army 326th Glider Infantry, 507th Parachute Infantry, and 878th Airborne Engineers trained at Alliance before deployment to the European Theater.

As paratroopers flooded into Alliance, housing was short. A federal housing project was built at the east end of Alliance, apartment complexes with plain stucco walls, coal heating stoves, and rows of chimneys along the rooflines, thus the name "Chimney Town."

After the paratroops left Alliance, Second Air Force temporarily used the Alliance airfield in the fall of 1944 for the training of B-29 Superfortress crews. Training included teaching the B-29 air crews how to drop bombs and read navigational, aeronautical and bombsight equipment.

Finally, in the summer of 1945, the 1st Troop Carrier Command returned to the airfield to train for the proposed invasion of Japan. That necessity ended when Japan surrendered on September 6. On October 31, 1945, the Army Air Force "temporarily" deactivated the Alliance Army Airfield. Control of the airfield was assigned to Air Technical Service Command at Ogdon Army Airbase, Utah.

Though speculation was that the Army would make the huge Alliance airfield a permanent installation, by November 20 the Troop Carrier Command closed the facility permanently and began to make plans to sell the surplus property.

By December 1945 the facility was declared surplus property. Nonetheless, its status remained in limbo. The city of Alliance showed interest in acquiring the facility. However, in the fall of 1946 Nebraska congressman Arthur L. Miller stated that the airfield would be withdrawn from the surplus list to be reactivated for Troop Carrier Command training, in response to strained relations with the Soviet Union. This did not happen and the U. S. Government negotiated a disposition agreement for the facility.

Due to disputes between the U.S. government and the city of Alliance, the final disposition of the airfield did not occur for many years. The government removed the railroad tracks and auctioned off 240 buildings, including lavatories, guard houses and barracks. Finally, on July 16, 1953, the city of Alliance and the federal government finalized the transfer for the land and buildings which were to become the Alliance Municipal Airport.

Today many World War II-era buildings remain in use.

Western DC-3s started flying to Alliance in the 1940s; Frontier replaced Western in 1959 and remained until 1980-81.

Facilities[edit]

The airport covers 3,500 acres (1,416 ha) at an elevation of 3,931 feet. It has three asphalt runways: 12/30 is 9,202 by 150 feet (2,805 x 46 m); 17/35 is 6,311 by 75 feet (1,924 x 23 m); 8/26 is 6,200 by 75 feet (1,890 x 23 m).[1]

In the year ending May 31, 2011, the airport had 14,503 aircraft operations, average 39 per day: 81% general aviation, 10% air taxi, 9% airline, and <1% military. 66 aircraft were then based at the airport: 88% single-engine, 6% multi-engine, 4.5% glider, and 1.5% helicopter.[1]

Airline and destinations[edit]

Scheduled nonstop passenger flights:

Airlines Destinations
Great Lakes Airlines Denver, Scottsbluff

Statistics[edit]

Carrier shares: January – December 2012[8]
Carrier Passengers (arriving and departing)
Great Lakes
3,190(100%)
Top domestic destinations: Jan. – Dec. 2012[8]
Rank City Airport Passengers
1 Denver, CO Denver International (DEN) 1,570
2 Scottsbluff, NE Western Nebraska Regional (BFF) 10
3 Chadron, NE Chadron Municipal (CDR) 10

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d FAA Airport Master Record for AIA (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective May 31, 2012.
  2. ^ "IATA Airport Code Search (AIA: Alliance)". International Air Transport Association. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ DOT Order No. 2013-2-13, App. B. http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=DOT-OST-2000-8322
  4. ^ DOT Order No. 2013-2-13, at 1. http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=DOT-OST-2000-8322
  5. ^ "Enplanements for CY 2008" (PDF, 1.0 MB). CY 2008 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. December 18, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011. 
  7. ^ "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF, 2.03 MB). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "Alliance, NE: Alliance Municipal (AIA)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 

Other sources[edit]

External links[edit]