Alliance of European National Movements

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Alliance of European National Movements
President Béla Kovács
Founded 24 October 2009
Ideology Ultranationalism,
Euroscepticism
Political position Far-right
International affiliation None
European Parliament group None
Website
aemn.eu
Politics of the European Union
Political parties
Elections

The Alliance of European National Movements (AENM) is a European political party that was formed in Budapest on 24 October 2009 by a number of ultranationalist and far-right parties from countries in Europe.[1] The alliance's founding members were Jobbik (the Alliance was established during their sixth party congress), France's National Front, Italy's Tricolour Flame, Sweden's National Democrats and Belgium's National Front.[2] At the end of 2011, Marine Le Pen, new leader of the French National Front resigned from the AENM and joined the EAF (European Alliance for Freedom).[3]

History[edit]

In November 2009 the British National Party claimed that the Alliance had been extended to nine parties,[4] but this information was not confirmed by the AENM President Bruno Gollnisch in 2012.[5]

At a press conference held in Strasbourg on 16 June 2010 the political leadership of the AENM was confirmed as follows: President Bruno Gollnisch, Vice President Nick Griffin, Treasurer Béla Kovács, and Secretary General Valerio Cignetti.[6][7]

In October 2013, Marine Le Pen requested that Gollnisch and Jean-Marie Le Pen leave the AENM in order to join the more moderate EAF and so unify the French National Front under the EAF banner.[8] Marine Le Pen has tried to "de-demonize" the party, i.e. to give it a more acceptable image. Cooperation with the openly racist and antisemitic parties present in the AENM was seen as contradictory to these aims. On November 7th, the two declared they have followed the request and left the AENM. This also meant the end of Gollnisch's term as the AENM's chairman,[9] a place occupied by Béla Kovács since January of 2014.[10]

On March 20, 2014 the Ukraine's Svoboda announced its withdrawal of membership from AENM citing the stance by several members of the alliance supporting the 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine.[11]

Members[edit]

Member parties[5][edit]

Party Abbr. Country MEPs National
Legislators
Jobbik Jobbik  Hungary 2 43
Tricolour Flame FT  Italy 0 0
National Democratic Party ND  Bulgaria 1 0
British National Party BNP  United Kingdom 1 0
Republican Social Movement[6] MSR  Spain 0 0
National Renovator Party[6] PNR  Portugal 0 0
National Democrats[6] ND  Sweden 0 0

Associate members (individuals)[edit]

Name Country Party affiliation
Béla Kovács  Hungary Jobbik
Nick Griffin  United Kingdom British National Party
Dimitar Stoyanov  Bulgaria Ataka
Christian Verougstraete  Belgium Vlaams Belang
Bartosz Jozef Kownacki  Poland Law and Justice
Dailis Alfonsas Barakauskas  Lithuania Order and Justice

Former members[edit]

Party Abbr. Country MEPs National
Legislators
All-Ukrainian Union "Svoboda"[12] ВОС  Ukraine Non EU country 37/445[13]

Political declaration[edit]

Preamble[edit]

The common declaration of the members of the Alliance begins with the following preamble:[14]

  • Conscious of our common responsibility for the European peoples and the diversity of cultures and languages they represent,
  • Mindful of the inalienable values of Christianity, natural law, peace and freedom in Europe,
  • Bearing in mind the numerous threats that powerful forces of globalisation pose to this priceless heritage.

Demands set out in the declaration.[edit]

The declaration's body then goes on to make the following nine demands:[14]

The creation of a Europe of free, independent and equal nations in the framework of a confederation of sovereign nation states, refraining from taking decisions on matters properly taken by states themselves.
II 
The rejection of any attempt to create a centralist European Super State.
III 
The promotion of the freedom, dignity and equal rights of every citizen, and opposition to all forms of totalitarianism.
IV 
The primacy of direct votes by the people or their elected representatives over any administrative or bureaucratic body.
The effective protection of Europe against new threats, such as terrorism and religious, political, economic, or financial imperialism.
VI 
A peaceful and humane settlement of immigration problems through, among other measures, international cooperation aiming at development and self sufficiency of third world countries.
VII 
Strong policies in favour of families aiming at solving the demographic deficit in Europe and promoting traditional values throughout society.
VIII 
The preservation of the diversity of Europe that results from the variety of our identities, traditions, languages and indigenous cultures.
IX 
A common fight of the European peoples against social dumping and the destructive effects of globalisation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Far-right European parties forge alliance, EUbusiness.com, 2009-10-25, "A handful of European nationalist political parties have formed an alliance to represent them in Brussels... ... Negotiations are underway with like-minded Austrian, British, Spanish and Portuguese parties." 
  2. ^ European nationalist parties form alliance, Taiwan News (source: Associated Press), 2009-10-24, "Hungary's Jobbik, France's National Front, Italy's Three-Color Flame, Sweden's National Democrats and Belgium's National Front formed the Alliance of European National Movements on Saturday and say they expect parties from Britain, Austria, Spain and Portugal to join them soon." 
  3. ^ http://www.frontnational.com/2012/01/marine-le-pen-en-autriche/
  4. ^ BNP in alliance with nationalists, BBC News, 2009-11-12 
  5. ^ a b (French) Réunion de l’AEMN à Hédervár: une profession de foi pour l’Europe des patries, Bruno Gollnisch, 2012-10-24 
  6. ^ a b c d "Alliance of European National Movements Expands to 9 Parties," British National Party. Retrieved 18-10-2013.
  7. ^ Meade, Geoff (2009-11-12), Alliance of European Nationalist Mouvements, Fiamma Tricolore 
  8. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/france/10400740/Frances-FN-to-team-up-with-other-far-Right-parties-for-European-elections.html
  9. ^ http://www.rtl.fr/actualites/info/politique/article/fn-jean-marie-le-pen-obeit-a-sa-fille-et-quitte-le-parti-pan-europeen-7766551739
  10. ^ http://www.tribunadeeuropa.com/?p=18105
  11. ^ Oleh Tiahnybok withdraws Svoboda's membership within the Alliance of European National Movements
  12. ^ (Ukrainian) "Свобода" і європейські націоналісти: конфлікти є, війни нема "Svoboda" and European nationalists: conflicts are not the war, BBC Ukrainian (24 January 2013)
  13. ^ only 445 were elected out of 450 seats
  14. ^ a b Avrupa’daki Aşırı Sağ Partilerin Siyasi Deklarasyonu’nu yayımlıyor (TURKISH: Extremist European parties make political declaration), ABHaber.com, 2009-11-12, "Article cites Declaration verbatim in English" 

External links[edit]