Alliance of Independent Social Democrats
|Alliance of Independent Social Democrats|
|Савез независних социјалдемократа
Savez nezavisnih socijaldemokrata
|Headquarters||Petra Kočića 5,
78000 Banja Luka
|International affiliation||None (expelled from Socialist International in 2012)|
|House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|National Assembly of the Republika Srpska|
|Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (Serbian: Савез независних социјалдемократа (СНСД) / Savez nezavisnih socijaldemokrata, SNSD) is a Serb political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina, founded 1996. Its president, Milorad Dodik, is the President of the Republika Srpska.
The party grew out of the Independent Members of Parliament Caucus of the National Assembly of the Republic of Srpska to become the Party of Independent Social Democrats. The IMPC was established from the caucus of members of the Parliament of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina of Serb origin elected in 1990 from the election list of the Union of Reform Forces. These representatives joined the Serb members of the same legislative body that abandoned it in 1992, after the majority of representatives (mostly Croats and Bosniaks) decided to hold a referendum for the independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina).
The Serb members of the Parliament of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including the members of the IMPC established the Assembly of Serb People of Bosnia and Herzegovina, that was later renamed National Assembly of the Republika Srpska.
The absolute majority of the newly founded National Assembly of the Republika Srpska was from the Serb Democratic Party. The IMPC were the only parliamentary opposition from the founding of the National Assembly through the first post-war elections (see War in Bosnia, Dayton Agreement) in September 1996.
In December 1999 Social Liberal Party of Republic of Srpska merged into the Party of Independent Social Democrats. After local elections 2000 Nikola Špirić's Democratic party for Banjaluka and Krajina merged into it too. In 2002, it united with the Democratic Socialist Party, a splinter party of the Socialist Party of Republika Srpska. After the unification, the party changed its name to Alliance of Independent Social Democrats. In August 2002 the New Labour Party of Republika Srpska merged into the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats.
The party's leader, Milorad Dodik also publicly denied the existence of Bosnia and Herzegovina several times.