Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group

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This article is about the European Parliament Group. For European political party, see Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party. For the transnational political alliance, see Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
European Parliament group
ALDE logo.svg
Name Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
English abbr. ALDE
French abbr. ADLE
Formal name Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe[1]
Ideology Liberalism,[2]
Centrism[2]
Classic liberalism
Social liberalism
European parties Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party,
European Democratic Party
Associated organisations Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe,
Liberal International
From 20 July 2004[3]
Preceded by ELDR Group
Chaired by Belgium Guy Verhofstadt
MEP(s)
68 / 751
Website http://www.alde.eu/

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group (ALDE/ADLE) is the current liberal–centrist[4][5] political group of the European Parliament. It is made up of MEPs from two European political parties, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (formerly the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party) and the European Democratic Party, which collectively form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.

ALDE is one of the three oldest Groups, dating its unofficial origin back to September 1952 and the first meeting of the Parliament's predecessor, the Common Assembly. Founded as an explicitly Liberal Group, it has expanded its remit to cover the different centrist traditions of each new Member State as they acceded to the Union, progressively changing its name in the process.

It is the fourth-largest Group in the Parliament and did participate in the Grand Coalition (the coalition designed to provide a majority) for the Sixth Parliament (2004–2009).

The pro-European platform of the group espouses open market, the European welfare state system, equilibrium in budgets and support for European integration and the European single market.[6] For the Great Recession in Europe, they propose a viable welfare state reducing duplicities via European integration and scale economies.

History[edit]

The ALDE Group can trace its unofficial ancestry back to the Liberal members present at the first meeting of the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community (the Parliament's predecessor) on 10 September 1952,[7] but the Group was officially founded as the Group of Liberals and Allies[3] on 23 June 1953.[3]

As the Assembly grew into the Parliament, the French Gaullists split from the Group on 21 January 1965[8] and the Group started the process of changing its name to match the liberal/centrist traditions of the new member states, firstly to the Liberal and Democratic Group[3][9] in 1976,[3] then to the Liberal and Democratic Reformist Group[10] on 13 December 1985,[3] then to the Group of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party[3][9][11] on 19 July 1994[3] to match the European political party of the same name.

In 1999, the Group partnered with European People's Party–European Democrats (EPP-ED) group to form the Grand Coalition for the Fifth Parliament. The customary split of the Presidency of the European Parliament between Groups in the Coalition meant that the Group achieved its first President of the European Parliament on 15 January 2002, when Pat Cox was elected to the post to serve the latter half of the five-year term. The Group lost its Grand Coalition status after the 2004 elections.

On 13 July 2004 the Group approved a recommendation to unite with MEPs from the centrist and social-liberal political party at the European level called the European Democratic Party (EDP) founded by François Bayrou's Union for French Democracy, the Labour Party of Lithuania and Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy of Italy.

The Group accordingly became the Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe[3] (ALDE) on 20 July 2004,[3] to match the eponymous transnational political alliance, although the two European-level parties remained separate outside the European Parliament. The MEP Graham Watson of the British Liberal Democrats became the first chair of ALDE.

Structure[edit]

Subgroups[edit]

ALDE is a coalition of liberal and centrist MEPs. It does not have formal subgroups, although the MEPs fall naturally into two informal subgroups, depending on whether they associate with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party or the European Democratic Party.

Organisation[edit]

The Bureau is the main decision making body of the ALDE Group and is composed of the leaders of the delegations from each member state that elects ALDE MEPs.[12] The Bureau oversees the ALDE Group's main strategy and policies and is headed by a chair (referred to as the Leader). The day-to-day running of the Group is performed by its secretariat, led by its Secretary-General.

The senior staff of ALDE as of July 2012 are as follows:


Member

Position

Source
VERHOFSTADT Guy President [12]
LUDFORD Sarah Vice-President [12]
ALVARO Alexander Member [12]
BILBAO BARANDICA Izaskun Member [12]
BOWLES Sharon Member [12]
DE BACKER Philippe Member [12]
de SARNEZ Marielle Member [12]
DONSKIS Leonidas Member [12]
GALLAGHER Pat the Cope Member [12]
GODMANIS Ivars Member [12]
GOERENS Charles Member [12]
HALL Fiona Member [12]
HARKIN Marian Member [12]
HYUSMENOVA Filiz Hakaeva Member [12]
in 't VELD Sophia Member [12]
JÄÄTTEENMÄKI Anneli Member [12]
JOHANSSON Kent Member [12]
KACIN Jelko Member [12]
KOZLÍK Sergej Member [12]
LAMBSDORFF Alexander Graf Member [12]
McMILLAN-SCOTT Edward Member [12]
MICHEL Louis Member [12]
OJULAND Kristiina Member [12]
OVIIR Siiri Member [12]
PARVANOVA Antonyia Member [12]
RINALDI Niccolò Member [12]
ROHDE Jens Member [12]
SCHMIDT Olle Member [12]
SKYLAKAKIS Theodoros Member [12]
THEURER Michael Member [12]
TREMOSA Ramon Member [12]
USPASKICH Viktor Member [12]
VAJGL Ivo Member [12]
VĂLEAN Adina-Ioana Member [12]
van BAALEN Johannes Cornelis Member [12]
WATSON Graham Member [12]
BEELS Alexander Secreary General [12]

The chairs of ALDE and its predecessors from 1953 to 24 October 2008 are as follows:

Membership[edit]

The ALDE has MEPs from 20 countries, including 16 with more than one MEP (in yellow) and four with one MEP each (light yellow).

Membership by party in Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Parliaments[edit]

The national parties that are members of ALDE are as follows:


Country

National party

National party in national language

European party

MEPs 2004-2009

MEPs 2009-2014

MEPs 2014-2019
 Austria NEOS – The New Austria and Liberal Forum Neos – Das Neue Österreich und Liberales Forum ALDE
1 / 18
-
1 / 18
 Belgium Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats Open Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten ALDE
3 / 24
3 / 14
3 / 22
3 / 13
3 / 21
3 / 12
Reformist Movement Mouvement Réformateur ALDE
3 / 24
3 / 9
2 / 22
2 / 8
3 / 21
3 / 8
 Bulgaria National Movement for Stability and Progress Latin: Nacionalno Dviženie Za Stabilnost I Văzhod

Cyrillic: Национално движение за стабилност и възход
ALDE
2 / 18
2 / 18
-
Movement for Rights and Freedoms Latin: Dvizhenie Za Prava I Svobodi

Cyrillic: Движение за права и свободи
ALDE
3 / 18
3 / 18
4 / 17
 Croatia Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats Hrvatska narodna stranka – liberalni demokrati ALDE - -
1 / 11
 Cyprus Democratic Party Greek: Δημοκρατικό Κόμμα
Latin: Dimokratikó Kómma
Turkish: Demokrat Parti
(note: left ALDE for S&D in 2009) none
1 / 6
- -
 Czech Republic ANO 2011  ? - -
4 / 21
 Denmark Venstre - Denmark's Liberal Party Venstre - Danmarks Liberale Parti ALDE
3 / 14
3 / 13
2 / 13
Danish Social Liberal Party Det Radikale Venstre ALDE
1 / 14
-
1 / 13
 Estonia Estonian Centre Party Eesti Keskerakond ALDE
1 / 6
2 / 6
1 / 6
Estonian Reform Party Eesti Reformierakond ALDE
1 / 6
1 / 6
2 / 6
 Finland Centre Party Finnish: Suomen Keskusta
Swedish: Centern i Finland
ALDE
4 / 14
3 / 13
3 / 13
Swedish People's Party Finnish: Suomen ruotsalainen kansanpuolue
Swedish: Svenska Folkpartiet i Finland
ALDE
1 / 14
1 / 13
1 / 13
 France Democratic Movement Mouvement Démocrate EDP
7 / 78
5 / 74
4 / 74
CAP21 Citoyenneté Action Participation Pour Le XXIe Siècle none -
1 / 74
-
Civic Alliance for Democracy in Europe Alliance Citoyenne Pour La Démocratie En Europe ALDE
3 / 78
- -
Union of Democrats and Independents Union des démocrates et indépendants EDP - -
3 / 74
 Germany Free Democratic Party Freie Demokratische Partei ALDE
7 / 99
12 / 99
3 / 96
Free Voters Freie Wähler EDP - -
1 / 96
 Greece Drassi Latin: Drassi
Greek: Δράση
none -
1 / 22
-
 Hungary Alliance of Free Democrats Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége - A Magyar Liberális Párt ALDE
2 / 24
- -
 Ireland Fianna Fáil - ALDE -
3 / 12
-
Marian Harkin (Independent) - EDP
1 / 13
1 / 12
1 / 11
 Italy Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy (note: merged into PD in 2007) Democrazia È Libertà - La Margherita EDP
9 / 78
- -
Italy of Values Italia Dei Valori ALDE
1 / 78
5 / 73
-
Alliance for Italy Alleanza Per L'Italia EDP
1 / 78
1 / 73
-
Italian Radicals Radicali Italiani ALDE
2 / 78
- -
 Latvia Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way Latvijas Pirmā Partija / Latvijas Ceļš ALDE
1 / 9
1 / 9
-
 Lithuania Labour Party Darbo Partija ALDE
5 / 13
1 / 12
1 / 11
Liberal and Centre Union Liberalų Ir Centro Sąjunga ALDE
2 / 13
- -
Liberal Movement Liberalų Saįūdis ALDE -
1 / 12
2 / 11
 Luxembourg Democratic Party Luxembourgish: Demokratesch Partei
French: Parti Démocratique
German: Demokratische Partei
ALDE
1 / 6
1 / 6
1 / 6
 Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy Volkspartij Voor Vrijheid En Democratie ALDE
4 / 27
3 / 26
3 / 26
Democrats 66 Democraten 66 ALDE
1 / 27
3 / 26
4 / 26
 Poland Democratic Party – demokraci.pl Partia Demokratyczna - Demokraci.pl ALDE
4 / 54
- -
Paweł Piskorski (Independent) - none
1 / 54
- -
Marek Czarnecki (Independent) - none
1 / 54
- -
 Romania Liberal Reformist Party Liberal Reformist Party ALDE
6 / 35
5 / 33
6 / 32
 Slovakia People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia Ľudová Strana - Hnutie Za Demokratické Slovensko EDP -
1 / 13
-
Freedom and Solidarity Sloboda a Solidarita  ? - -
1 / 13
 Slovenia Liberal Democracy of Slovenia Liberalna Demokracija Slovenije ALDE
2 / 7
1 / 8
-
Zares – Social Liberals Zares - Socialno-Liberalni ALDE -
1 / 8
-
Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia Demokratična stranka upokojencev Slovenije none - -
1 / 8
 Spain Democratic Convergence of Catalonia Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya ALDE
1 / 54
1 / 54
1 / 54
Basque Nationalist Party Partido Nacionalista Vasco EDP
1 / 54
1 / 54
1 / 54
Union, Progress and Democracy Unión, Progreso y Democracia none - -
4 / 54
Citizens – Party of the Citizenry Ciudadanos-Partido de la Ciudadanía none - -
2 / 54
 Sweden Liberal People's Party Folkpartiet Liberalerna ALDE
1 / 19
3 / 20
2 / 20
Centre Party Centerpartiet ALDE
1 / 19
1 / 20
1 / 20
 United Kingdom Liberal Democrats - ALDE
11 / 78
12 / 73
1 / 73
Total ALDE Party 70 74 46
Total EDP 26 10 9
Total Other 4 1 12
Total 100 85 67

Membership by country at April 2010[edit]

ALDE percentage of MEPs by member state as of April 2010 (see description for sources).
  0% to 1%
  1% to 5%
  5% to 10%
  10% to 20%
  20% to 30%
  30% to 40%
  40% to 50%
  50% plus

An April 2010 European Parliament document[25] gave the percentage of MEPs for each Group and member state at that date. The results for ALDE are given on the diagram on the right.

The document shows that ALDE, as of April 2010, does not draw its MEPs evenly from throughout the EU. Its smallest support is in the Iberian peninsula, Central Europe, and Greece. Its largest support comes from Scandinavia, the Baltic states and the non-Greek Balkans. Only one member state (Estonia) has more than 50% of its MEPs sitting with the ALDE Group. Countries with no ALDE MEPs include Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Malta, Austria, Poland and Portugal. Note that since April 2010 there have been changes in the numbers presented above (e.g. a Greek party with one MEP joined ALDE).

Membership at formation[edit]

In September 1952, the third-largest grouping in the Common Assembly was the Liberal grouping with 11 members.[14] The Group of Liberals and Allies was officially founded on 23 June 1953.[3] By mid-September 1953, it was again the third-largest Group with 10 members.[26]

Activities[edit]

In the news[edit]

Activities performed by ALDE in the period between 2004 and 2008 that resulted in an entry on EUObserver or theparliament.com include:

  • Urging caution in common European anti-terror action.[30][31]
  • Supporting transparency in government and business,[32][33][34][35] free markets,[36][37] communication with voters[38] and greater EU involvement in globalization.[39]
  • Supporting the framework programme for competitiveness and innovation (CIP), EU patent funding and origin labeling[40] reform of the CAP,[41] and compromise on the Services Directive.[42][43]
  • Supporting the expulsion of Daniel Hannan from EPP-ED[44] and deprecating regulatory changes designed to reduce the number of Groups.[45]
  • Calling for the creation of a UN parliamentary assembly,[60] and US Congressional investigation of Libertas funding.[61]
  • Supporting common European approaches for the 2009 elections,[62] climate change,[63][64] cross-border healthcare provision,[65] and a common European Migration Policy[66][67] that observes human rights.[68]

Parliamentary activity profile[edit]

Group parliamentary activity profile, August 1, 2004 to August 1, 2008 (see description for sources).
  ALDE: 661 motions

The debates and votes in the European Parliament are tracked by its website[69] and categorized by the Groups that participate in them and the rule of procedure that they fall into. The results give a profile for each Group by category and the total indicates the Group's level of participation in Parliamentary debates. The activity profile for each Group for the period 1 August 2004 to 1 August 2008 in the Sixth Parliament is given on the diagram on the right. ALDE is denoted in yellow.

The website shows ALDE as participating in 661 motions, making it the second most active Group during the period.

Publications[edit]

ALDE produces many publications,[70] on its website. Its key documents[71] cover the Treaty of Lisbon, the global financial crisis of 2008, civil liberties and its 10 priorities for the 2009 elections.

Academic analysis[edit]

Along with the other political groups, ALDE has been analysed by academics on its positions regarding various issues. Those positions are summarized in this article. That article characterizes ALDE as cohesive, gender-balanced centrist Euroneutrals that cooperate most closely with the EPP, are ambiguous on hypothetical EU taxes and supportive of eventual full Turkish accession to the European Union.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "At your service". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  2. ^ a b Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". Parties-and-elections.eu. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "ALDE on Europe Politique". Europe-politique.eu. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  4. ^ Andreas Staab (24 June 2011). The European Union Explained, Second Edition: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact. Indiana University Press. pp. 67–. ISBN 978-0-253-00164-1. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  5. ^ John Peterson; Michael Shackleton (22 March 2012). The Institutions of the European Union. Oxford University Press. pp. 341–. ISBN 978-0-19-957498-8. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  6. ^ David Phinnemore; Lee McGowan (26 June 2013). A Dictionary of the European Union. Routledge. pp. 277–. ISBN 978-1-135-08127-0. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
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  8. ^ "UFE on Europe Politique". Europe-politique.eu. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  9. ^ a b "Political Groups of the European Parliament". Kas.de. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  10. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Simone Veil (incl. Membership)
  11. ^ "Group names 1999". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al "ALDE website article "Bureau"". Alde.eu. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  13. ^ a b c d e Archived article 003730_1 from the Archive of European Integration
  14. ^ a b "Directorate-General for the Presidency - CARDOC unit and archives - Description of the main holdings and collections" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  15. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Cornelis Berkhouwer (incl. Membership)
  16. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Jean-François Pintat (incl. Membership)
  17. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Martin Bangemann (incl. Membership)
  18. ^ a b c d e f "ALDE Group press release "ALDE Group backs Watson to continue as Leader", dated 29 November 2006". Alde.eu. 2006-11-29. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  19. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Valery Giscard d'Estaing (incl. Membership)
  20. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Yves Galland (incl. Membership)
  21. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Gijs de Vries (incl. Membership)
  22. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Pat Cox (incl. Membership)
  23. ^ European Parliament archive entry for Graham Watson (incl. Membership)
  24. ^ ALDE Group in the European Parliament : Guy Verhofstadt elected unopposed as new ALDE group leader[dead link]
  25. ^ "QA3009214ENC_001.indd" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
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  29. ^ "the parliament.com article "liberal-leadership-rivals-back-eu-reform-treaty"". Theparliament.com. 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  30. ^ "the parliament.com article "eu-debates-anti-terrorist-proposalsnbsp"". Theparliament.com. 2009-03-20. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  31. ^ "the parliament.com article "human-rights-out-dated-argues-eu-presidency"". Theparliament.com. 2008-11-05. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
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  33. ^ "the parliament.com article "socialist-mep-brands-bush-worst-president-in-history"". Theparliament.com. 2008-10-21. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  34. ^ [1][dead link]
  35. ^ "the parliament.com article "mccreevy-appointment-denounced-by-socialists-in-eu-parliament"". Theparliament.com. 2008-09-11. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
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  38. ^ Leigh Phillips (2008-02-25). "EUObserver article "25718"". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  39. ^ "the parliament.com article "eu-debates-21st-century-globalisation"". Theparliament.com. 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  40. ^ Jorgo Chatzimarkakis (2006-06-22). "EUObserver article "21891"". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  41. ^ "the parliament.com article "meps-split-over-cap-health-check-proposals"". Theparliament.com. 2008-04-30. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  42. ^ Andrew Rettman (2005-06-13). "EUObserver article "19317"". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  43. ^ Lucia Kubosova (2006-02-16). "EUObserver article "20921"". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  44. ^ "the parliament.com article "tory-mep-hits-back-over-alleged-eu-parliamentnbsphitler-jibe"". Theparliament.com. 2008-01-31. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  45. ^ Andrew Duff (2008-05-27). "EUObserver article "26216"". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  46. ^ "the parliament.com article "taiwan-who-observer-status-bid-fails"". Theparliament.com. 2009-03-20. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  47. ^ "the parliament.com article "eu-should-press-for-end-to-taiwans-isolation-say-meps"". Theparliament.com. 2009-03-20. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  48. ^ "the parliament.com article "china-at-odds-with-taiwan-over-membership-of-un-bodies"". Theparliament.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  49. ^ "the parliament.com article "eu-urged-to-support-taiwans-un-bid"". Theparliament.com. 2008-04-30. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  50. ^ "the parliament.com article "sarkozy-under-fire-over-support-fornbspone-china-policy"". Theparliament.com. 2009-03-20. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  51. ^ "the parliament.com article "eunbspcommission-expert-urges-peaceful-solution-to-china-taiwan-dispute"". Theparliament.com. 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  52. ^ "the parliament.com article "taiwan-has-strong-case-to-join-who"". Theparliament.com. 2009-03-20. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  53. ^ "the parliament.com article "china-taiwan-should-be-settled-by-political-dialogue"". Theparliament.com. 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  54. ^ Lucia Kubosova (2007-09-28). "EUObserver article "24865"". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  55. ^ "the parliament.com article "parliament-vice-president-calls-for-eu-to-boycott-olympics"". Theparliament.com. 2008-11-05. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  56. ^ "Row flares after EU parliament endorses short sighted China resolution-1". Theparliament.com. 2008-04-13. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  57. ^ "the parliament.com article "meps-concerned-over-russian-grip-on-energy-supply"". Theparliament.com. 2008-09-10. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  58. ^ "the parliament.com article "meps-call-on-eu-leaders-to-condemn-russian-intimidation"". Theparliament.com. 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  59. ^ Andrew Rettman (2007-03-29). "EUObserver article "23811"". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  60. ^ "the parliament.com article "eu-urged-to-back-creation-of-new-un-body"". Theparliament.com. 2007-12-06. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  61. ^ "the parliament.com article "eu-parliament-calls-for-probe-into-libertas-fundraising"". Theparliament.com. 2008-09-11. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  62. ^ "the parliament.com article "watson-kicks-off-eu-election-campaign"". Theparliament.com. 2007-10-19. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  63. ^ "the parliament.com article "alde-group-launches-eu-wide-climate-campaign"". Theparliament.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  64. ^ "the parliament.com article "eu-set-for-december-showdown-on-climate-change-deal"". Theparliament.com. 2008-10-17. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  65. ^ "the parliament.com article "eu-gives-patients-the-right-to-travel-for-healthcare"". Theparliament.com. 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  66. ^ Graham Watson. "EUObserver article "25937"". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  67. ^ "the parliament.com article "cautious-welcome-for-eu-blue-card-scheme"". Theparliament.com. 2008-11-05. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  68. ^ "EUObserver article "17175"". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  69. ^ "Plenary sitting - Home". Europarl.europa.eu. 2014-05-14. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 
  70. ^ "ALDE Group in the European Parliament : Documents". Alde.eu. 2010-06-14. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  71. ^ "Index of /fileadmin/webdocs/key_docs". Alde.eu. 2010-05-17. Retrieved 2014-06-28. 

External links[edit]