Allium porrum L.
Allium ampeloprasum is a member of the onion genus Allium. The wild plant is commonly known as wild leek or broadleaf wild leek. Its native range is southern Europe to western Asia, and may have been introduced to Britain by prehistoric people, where its habitat consists of rocky places near the coast in south-west England and Wales. It has been differentiated into three cultivated vegetables, namely leek, elephant garlic and kurrat. In tidewater Virginia, the plant is commonly known as the "Yorktown Onion."
Allium ampeloprasum comprises several vegetables, of which the most important ones are known as
- leek (English), poireau (French), alho porro (Portuguese), cebolla puerro (Spanish);
- great-headed garlic, elephant garlic (English), ail à grosse tête (French);
- pearl onion (English), poireau perpétuel, petit poireau antillais (French), alho bravo, alho inglês (Portuguese)
- kurrat (English, French).
- تره (Tareh) (Allium ampeloprasum ssp. persicum) (Persian)
- இராகூச்சிட்டம் (Iraakuuccittam) (Tamil)
- ګندنه(Gandana, Pashto)
- Maroy napakpi (Meetei)
- Plants for a Future: Allium ampeloprasum
- CHRISTOPHER D. PRESTON, DAVID A. PEARMAN, ALLAN R. HALL (2004) Archaeophytes in Britain Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 145 (3), 257–294 doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2004.00284.x, p. 264
- YorkCounty.gov - Yorktown Onion 
- Grubben, G.J.H. & Denton, O.A. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Vegetables. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen.