Allium atrosanguineum

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蓝苞葱 lan bao cong
Лук чёрно-красный
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. atrosanguineum
Binomial name
Allium atrosanguineum
  • Allium monadelphum Less. ex Kunth
  • Allium monadelphum var. atrosanguineum (Schrenk) Regel
  • Allium monadelphum var. stenophyllum Regel

Allium atrosanguineum, common name in China 蓝苞葱 lan bao cong, is a species native to western China (including Tibet), Afghanistan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. It grows high in the mountains at elevations of 2400–5400 m.[2][3]

Allium atrosanguineum produces cylindrical bulbs up to 10 mm in diameter. Scapes are round in cross-section, up to 60 cm tall. Leaves are round in cross-section, usually shorter than the scapes. Umbels appear spherical from a distance, with many flowers. Tepals are pink, yellow, copper-colored, brass-colored or purple, sometimes with small dark spots.[2][4]

Three varieties are generally recognized:[1][2]

Allium atrosanguineum var. atrosanguineum—Tepals purple-red with small spots—western China, Central Asia, Siberia, Mongolia

Allium atrosanguineum var. fedschenkoanum (Regel) G.H.Zhu & Turland[5] --- tepals pale yellow or pink—Central Asia

Allium atrosanguineum var. tibeticum (Regel) G.H.Zhu & Turland[5]—tepals copper-colored or brass-colored—Western China


  1. ^ a b The Plant List
  2. ^ a b c Flora of China v 24 p 194
  3. ^ Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Flora of Pakistan University of Karachi, Karachi.
  4. ^ Schrenk, Alexander Gustav von. 1842. Bulletin scientifique (publié par l’) Académie Imperiale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg 10: 355.
  5. ^ a b Zhu, Guang Hua & Turland, Nicholas John. 2000. Two new combinations in Central Asian and Chinese Allium (Alliaceae). Novon 10:181-182.