Allium neapolitanum

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Neapolitan Garlic
Ailblanc.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. neapolitanum
Binomial name
Allium neapolitanum
Cirillo
Synonyms[1]
  • Allium album Santi
  • Allium amblyopetalum Link
  • Allium candidissimum Cav.
  • Allium candidum C.Presl
  • Allium cowanii Lindl.
  • Allium gouanii G.Don
  • Allium inodorum Aiton
  • Allium lacteum Sm.
  • Allium laetum Pollini
  • Allium liliflorum Zeyh.
  • Allium neapolitanum var. angustifolium Täckh. & Drar
  • Allium sieberianum Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Allium subhirsutum Sieber ex Kunth
  • Allium subhirsutum Delile ex Boiss.
  • Allium subhirsutum subsp. album (Santi) Maire & Weiller
  • Allium subhirsutum var. glabrum Regel
  • Allium sulcatum DC.
  • Geboscon inodorum (Aiton) Thell.
  • Nothoscordum inodorum (Aiton) G. Nicholson

Allium neapolitanum (Naples Garlic, Daffodil Garlic, False Garlic, Flowering Onion, Naples Onion, Guernsey Star-of-Bethlehem, Neapolitan Garlic, Star, White Garlic, Wood Garlic) is a perennial bulbous plant of the genus Allium, the onion family. It is native to the Mediterranean Region and the Mid-East from Spain to Pakistan.[2] Within Europe, the plant has been reported from Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Israel, Lebanon, Cyprus and the former Yugoslavia.[3]

The species is naturalized in other areas, including Pakistan, Australia, New Zealand, and in southern and western parts of the United States. It is classed as an invasive species in parts of the U.S.,[4] and is found primarily in the U.S. states of California, Texas, Louisiana, and Florida.[5] It has been called Nothoscordum inodorum.[6][7]

Allium neapolitanum is cultivated by gardeners for its ornamental value. It produces round bulbs up to 2 cm across. Scape is up to 25 cm tall, round in cross-section but sometimes has wings toward the bottom. Inflorescence is an umbel of up to 25 white flowers with yellow anthers.[5][7][8][9]

Allium neapolitanum seems to have beta-adrenergic antagonist properties.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ Kew Botanical Gardens, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Allium neapolitanum Cirillo
  3. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Schede di Botanica, Allium neapolitanum
  4. ^ http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ALNE3
  5. ^ a b http://www.alliumflower.net/allium_neapolitanum/allium_neapolitanum.html
  6. ^ World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2011-05-25 , search for "Nothoscordum inodorum"
  7. ^ a b Flora of North America v 26 p 257
  8. ^ Cirillo, Domenico Maria Leone. 1788. Plantarum Rariorum Regni Neapolitani 1: 13.
  9. ^ Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  10. ^ Nencini C, Franchi GG, Micheli L (June 2010). "Cardiovascular receptor binding affinity of aqueous extracts from Allium species". International journal of food sciences and nutrition 61 (4): 433–9. doi:10.3109/09637481003591608. PMID 20446820.