Allium wallichii

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多星韭 duo xing jiu
Jimbur or Himalaya onion
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Species: A. wallichii
Binomial name
Allium wallichii
Kunth
Synonyms[1]
  • Allium bulleyanum Diels
  • Allium bulleyanum var. tchongchanense (H.Lév.) Airy Shaw
  • Allium caeruleum Wall.
  • Allium feddei H.Lév.
  • Allium liangshanense Z.Y.Zhu
  • Allium polyastrum Diels
  • Allium praelatitium H.Lév.
  • Allium tchongchanense H.Lév.
  • Allium violaceum Wall. ex Regel
  • Allium wallichianum Steud.
  • Allium wallichii var. albidum F.T. Wang & T. Tang
  • Nothoscordum mairei H.Lév.

Allium wallichii is a plant species native to India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), Tibet and parts of China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan). It grows at elevations of 2300–4800 m.[2]

Allium wallichii has elongate roots and clusters of narrow bulbs. Scapes are up to 110 cm tall, triangular in cross-section. Leaves are flat, up to 20 mm across, usually shorter than the scape. Flowers are white, pink, red, dark purple (sometimes almost black).[2][3][4]

Varieties[edit]

Two varieties of the species are generally accepted:[1][2]

Allium wallichii var. wallichii --- Leaves not narrowed into a petiole at the base

Allium wallichii var. platyphyllum (Diels) J.M.Xu[5] --- Leaves not narrowed into a petiole at the base --- found only in Yunnan

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Plant List
  2. ^ a b c Flora of China v 24 p 175
  3. ^ Karl Sigismund Kunth. 1843. Enumeratio Plantarum Omnium Hucusque Cognitarum 4: 443.
  4. ^ Zhu, Zheng Yin. 1991. Bulletin of Botanical Research. Harbin 11(1): 33., as Allium liangshanense
  5. ^ Xu, Jie Mei. 1980. Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae. Beijing 14: 211.