Allobarbital

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Allobarbital
Allobarbital.svg
Allobarbital ball-and-stick animation.gif
Systematic (IUPAC) name
5,5-diprop-2-enyl-1,3-diazinane-2,4,6-trione
Clinical data
Legal status Schedule IV (US)
Identifiers
CAS number 52-43-7
ATC code N05CA21
PubChem CID 5842
ChemSpider 5635 YesY
UNII 8NT43GG2HA YesY
KEGG D02817 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL267719 YesY
Synonyms 5,5-Diallylbarbituric acid, Allobarbital
Chemical data
Formula C10H12N2O3 
Mol. mass 208.214 g/mol
 YesY (what is this?)  (verify)

Allobarbital, also known as allobarbitone and branded as Cibalgine or Dial-Ciba (in combination with ethyl carbamate), is a barbiturate derivative invented in 1912 by Ernst Preiswerk and Ernst Grether working for CIBA. It was used primarily as an anticonvulsant[1] although it has now largely been replaced by newer drugs with improved safety profiles. Other uses for allobarbital included as an adjutant to boost the activity of analgesic drugs, and use in the treatment of insomnia and anxiety.

Allobarbital was never particularly widely used compared to better known barbiturates such as phenobarbital and secobarbital, although it saw more use in some European countries such as Bulgaria and Slovakia,[2] and is still used in for example Poland, but only as compound.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chocholova L.; Radil-Weiss, T. (1971). "Effect of allobarbital on focal epilepsy in rats". Physiologia Bohemoslovaca 20 (4): 325–34. PMID 4335127. 
  2. ^ Getova, D.; Georgiev, V. (1987). "GABA-ergic mechanisms in the anticonvulsive activity of newly synthesized barbiturates. I. Effects of barbiturates on the convulsive action of GABA-antagonists". Acta Physiologica et Pharmacologica Bulgarica 13 (3): 43–50. PMID 3439474. 
  3. ^ "APTECZKA BABUNI - KROPLE ŻOŁĄDKOWE KROPLE 20 G" [GRANDMA'S FIRST AID KIT - DROPS - STOMACH DROPS 20 G]. Domzdrowia.pl (in Polish). Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved March 10, 2013.