Allocation of Rhodes Scholarships

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Rhodes Scholarship Allocations — below is a table of allocations of Rhodes Scholarships by "Geographic Constituency" by year. "Geographic Constituency" is as defined by the Rhodes Trust.[1]

Also included is a table of Scholarships awarded, (by "Geographic Constituency" by year). Comparison of the two tables shows that the Rhodes Trust exercises considerable discretion in the award of Scholarships.

Background[edit]

Rhodes died in 1902, and as specified in his will, the Rhodes Trust was set up soon after. Scholarships were to be awarded to citizens and/or residents of specified "Geographic Constituencies".

Allocations[edit]

Allocations specified in the Will[edit]

Rhodes' will initially allotted 52 scholarships to 9 geographic constituencies: Australia; Bermuda; Canada; Jamaica; Rhodesia; Newfoundland; New Zealand; Southern Africa and USA. In 1903, a further 5 scholarships were allotted to Germany.

Although 2 Scholarships were awarded in 1902, and 12 in 1903, the first "full" round of scholarships were not actually awarded until 1904, at which time 73 Scholarships were awarded, (a considerably greater number than 57).

Allocations specified by the Trustees[edit]

During the ensuing 100 years, the Trustees have added, at one time or another, approximately another 40 scholarships, though not all have continued. Some of these extended the scheme to Commonwealth countries not mentioned in the Will.[2]

Currently, scholars are selected from 14 specified geographic constituencies,[1] namely: Australia; Bermuda; Canada; Germany; Hong Kong; India; Jamaica & Commonwealth Caribbean; Kenya; New Zealand; Pakistan; Southern Africa; USA; Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Other countries or regions which have, at one time or another, nominated candidates include:

  • Bangladesh (6 scholarships awarded, 1998–2004)
  • Ceylon and Sri Lanka (6 scholarships awarded, 1959–1974)
  • France ( 4, 1992–1994)
  • Greece ( 4, 1992–1994)
  • Ireland (11, 1992–1995)
  • Italy ( 5, 1992–1995)
  • Malaysia (26, 1961–2005)
  • Malta (41, 1921–1977)
  • Netherlands ( 1, 1993)
  • Singapore (20, 1984–2005)
  • Spain ( 2, 1994 & 1995)

The "Southern Africa" region has included a number of countries in addition to South Africa:

  • Botswana ( 4, 1996–2009)
  • East Africa ( 8, 1933–1953)
  • Ghana ( 4, 1960–1975)
  • Lesotho ( 2, 1998 & 2006)
  • Malawi ( 3, 2001–2004)
  • Namibia ( 2, 2003 & 2009)
  • Nigeria (14, 1962–1992)
  • Uganda (10, 1995–2004)

A detailed breakdown by region can be found at List of Rhodes Scholars/Complete List.

Note that Hong Kong (23, 1986–2009) is something of a "special case" — Rhodes Scholarship#Allocations contains the paragraph:

The scholarships for Hong Kong were abolished in July 1997 following its withdrawal from the Commonwealth (due to the transfer of sovereignty from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China). However, with the benefaction from the Lee Hysan Foundation (described by the Rhodes Trust as "substantial and generous"), the Rhodes Scholarships for Hong Kong are to be reintroduced.[3]

Allocations tables[edit]

Initial allocations[edit]

Code Will 1903 Description
Aus 6 6 Australia
Ber 1 1 Bermuda
Can 2 2 Canada
Ger 5 Germany
Nwf 1 1 Newfoundland — initially separate from Canada
NZ 1 1 New Zealand
Rhd 3 3 Rhodesia
SA 5 5 "Southern Africa"
USA 32 32 USA
Tot 52 57 Total

Allocations[edit]

Code Will 1903 Description
Aus 6 6 Australia
Ban Bangladesh
Ber 1 1 Bermuda
Cey Ceylon and Sri Lanka
Can 2 2 Canada
Fr France
Ger 5 Germany
Gr Greece
HK Hong Kong
Ind India
Ire Ireland
It Italy
Jam 1 1 Jamaica
Ken Kenya
Mya Malaysia
Mal Malta
NL Netherlands
Nwf 1 1 Newfoundland — initially separate from Canada
NZ 1 1 New Zealand
Rhd 3 3 Rhodesia
Pak Pakistan
SA 5 5 "Southern Africa"
Si Singapore
Sp Spain
Uga Uganda
USA 32 32 USA
Zam Zambia
Zim Zimbabwe
Tot 52 57 Total

Awards tables[edit]

By region[edit]

Key and total numbers awarded by region (1902–2009)[4]


Number
Awarded
(1902–2009)
First
Awarded
Last
Awarded
Aus Australia 688 1904 2009
Ber Bermuda 94 1904 2009
Can Canada 1,087 1904 2009
Fr France 4 1992 1994
Ger Germany 184 1903 2009
Gr Greece 6 1992 1994
HK Hong Kong 23 1986 2009
Ind India 176 1947 2009
Ire Ireland 11 1992 1995
It Italy 5 1992 1995
Ja Jamaica 102 1904 2009
Ken Kenya 42 1986 2009
Mlt Malta 41 1921 1977
My Malaysia 26 1961 2005
NL Netherlands 1 1993
NZ New Zealand 201 1904 2009
Pak Pakistan 64 1949 2009
Rh Rhodesia 193 1903 1979
SA "Southern Africa"[5] 866 1902 2009
SC (Other) "Sub-Continent"
Bangladesh,
Ceylon,
Sri Lanka
12
6
5
1

1998
1959
1974

2004
1971
1974
Si Singapore 20 1984 2005
Sp Spain 2 1994 1995
USA USA 3,168 1904 2009
VF Rhodes Visiting Fellow 33 1970 1980
WI "West Indies":
Port Elizabeth
British Caribbean
Commonwealth Caribbean
53
7
10
36

1919
1962
1986

1931
1985
2009
Za Zambia 51 1974 2009
Zi Zimbabwe 56 1980 2009
Not stated 8 2004
TOTAL 7,217

By year[edit]

Total number of Scholarships awarded by year (1902–2009)[4]
1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920
2 12 73 67 28 73 78 31 75 98 10 76 73 26 57 52 61 66 63
-
1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940
62 62 64 65 64 66 67 66 66 67 69 67 66 67 69 68 67 67 71 31
-
1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960
25 3 1 2 2 64 84 81 69 65 65 67 69 66 66 67 64 66 68 68
-
1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980
67 71 66 69 70 70 69 69 69 70 74 71 75 75 72 73 71 70 69 71
-
1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
70 73 71 71 76 77 79 77 76 80 79 94 92 88 93 85 86 93 91 92
-
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
89 92 92 92 92 85 82 81 84

By region by year[edit]

Numbers of Scholarships awarded by Region by Year (1902–2009)[4]
Aus Ber Can Fr Ger Gr HK Ind Ire It Ja Ken Mlt My NL NZ Pak Rh SA SC Si Sp USA VF WI Za Zi Total
1902 2 2
1903 5 2 5 12
1904 6 1 11 5 1 1 1 4 43 73
1905 6 1 8 5 1 1 2 5 38 67
1906 6 1 9 5 1 1 5 28
1907 6 1 9 5 1 1 5 45 73
1908 6 1 9 5 1 1 4 6 45 78
1909 6 1 9 5 1 1 3 5 31
1910 6 1 9 5 1 1 3 5 44 75
1911 6 2 16 12 1 1 4 10 46 98
1912 6 1 1 1 1 10
1913 6 1 9 7 1 1 3 5 43 76
1914 6 1 9 1 1 2 6 47 73
1915 6 1 9 1 1 3 5 26
1916 6 1 9 1 1 2 5 32 57
1917 5 1 8 1 2 2 5 28 52
1918 6 1 9 1 1 3 9 31 61
1919 6 10 1 1 3 8 36 1 66
1920 7 11 1 2 3 8 31 63
Aus Ber Can Fr Ger Gr HK Ind Ire It Ja Ken Mlt My NL NZ Pak Rh SA SC Si Sp USA VF WI Za Zi Total
1921 6 1 9 1 1 1 3 6 33 1 62
1922 6 1 10 1 1 3 8 32 62
1923 6 1 10 1 1 3 9 32 1 64
1924 6 1 9 1 1 1 3 9 34 65
1925 6 1 10 1 1 4 8 32 1 64
1926 5 1 11 1 2 3 10 33 66
1927 6 1 10 1 1 2 3 8 34 1 67
1928 5 1 12 1 2 3 9 33 66
1929 6 1 11 1 2 3 8 33 1 66
1930 7 10 2 1 1 2 3 9 32 67
1931 6 1 12 2 1 2 3 8 33 1 69
1932 6 1 11 2 1 2 3 9 32 67
1933 6 1 11 2 1 1 2 9 33 66
1934 6 11 2 1 3 4 8 32 67
1935 6 1 11 2 1 3 3 10 32 69
1936 6 1 11 2 1 1 2 1 11 32 68
1937 6 11 2 1 2 3 10 32 67
1938 6 1 11 2 1 2 4 8 32 67
1939 6 1 11 2 1 1 2 3 12 32 71
1940 6 1 11 1 2 2 8 31
Aus Ber Can Fr Ger Gr HK Ind Ire It Ja Ken Mlt My NL NZ Pak Rh SA SC Si Sp USA VF WI Za Zi Total
1941 5 1 9 1 2 7 25
1942 1 1 1 3
1943 1 1
1944 1 1 2
1945 1 1 2
1946 12 2 20 2 1 3 6 8 64
1947 6 11 2 1 1 2 3 10 48 84
1948 6 1 11 2 1 1 2 2 7 48 81
1949 6 1 11 1 1 1 3 1 3 9 32 69
1950 5 1 10 1 1 1 2 1 3 8 32 65
1951 6 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 2 8 32 65
1952 6 1 11 1 1 1 2 1 3 8 32 67
1953 6 1 11 1 1 1 2 1 3 10 32 69
1954 6 1 11 1 1 1 2 1 3 8 31 66
1955 6 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 3 8 32 66
1956 6 1 11 1 1 1 2 1 3 8 32 67
1957 6 1 11 1 1 2 1 2 8 31 64
1958 6 1 11 1 1 1 2 1 3 7 32 66
1959 6 1 11 1 1 1 2 1 3 8 1 32 68
1960 6 1 11 1 1 1 2 1 3 9 32 68
Aus Ber Can Fr Ger Gr HK Ind Ire It Ja Ken Mlt My NL NZ Pak Rh SA SC Si Sp USA VF WI Za Zi Total
1961 6 11 1 1 1 1 2 1 3 8 32 67
1962 6 1 11 2 1 1 2 1 3 9 1 32 1 71
1963 6 1 11 2 1 1 2 1 3 6 32 66
1964 6 1 11 2 1 1 2 1 3 9 32 69
1965 6 1 11 2 1 1 2 1 3 8 1 32 1 70
1966 6 1 11 2 1 1 1 2 1 3 9 32 70
1967 6 1 11 2 1 1 2 1 3 9 32 69
1968 6 1 10 2 1 1 2 1 3 8 1 32 1 69
1969 6 1 11 2 1 1 2 1 3 9 32 69
1970 6 10 2 2 1 1 2 1 3 8 31 3 70
1971 6 1 11 2 2 1 1 2 1 3 8 1 33 1 1 74
1972 5 1 11 2 2 1 1 2 1 3 9 32 1 71
1973 6 1 11 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 3 9 32 3 75
1974 6 1 11 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 9 1 31 3 1 1 75
1975 6 1 12 2 2 1 1 2 2 7 32 3 1 72
1976 6 1 11 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 7 32 4 2 73
1977 6 1 11 2 2 1 1 2 2 8 32 1 1 1 71
1978 7 1 10 2 2 1 2 1 8 32 3 1 70
1979 7 1 11 2 2 1 2 1 1 8 31 1 1 69
1980 6 11 1 2 1 1 2 9 32 2 1 1 2 71
Aus Ber Can Fr Ger Gr HK Ind Ire It Ja Ken Mlt My NL NZ Pak Rh SA SC Si Sp USA VF WI Za Zi Total
1981 8 1 11 2 2 1 2 8 32 1 2 70
1982 7 1 10 2 2 1 2 1 9 32 2 1 1 2 73
1983 6 1 12 2 2 1 2 10 32 1 2 71
1984 8 1 11 2 2 1 1 2 6 1 32 1 2 1 71
1985 7 1 10 2 3 1 2 1 10 1 32 2 1 1 2 76
1986 7 1 12 2 1 3 1 1 2 1 9 1 32 1 2 1 77
1987 7 1 11 2 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 11 1 32 1 1 2 79
1988 8 1 11 2 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 6 1 32 2 1 2 1 77
1989 8 1 11 2 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 9 32 1 2 76
1990 8 1 11 2 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 10 1 32 2 2 1 80
1991 8 1 11 3 1 4 1 1 1 2 1 9 1 32 1 2 79
1992 9 1 11 1 3 3 1 4 2 1 1 2 2 3 1 10 1 33 1 1 1 2 94
1993 9 1 11 2 4 2 1 4 3 1 2 1 1 3 1 9 1 31 2 1 2 92
1994 9 1 11 1 3 1 1 3 2 1 1 2 1 3 1 8 1 1 32 2 1 2 88
1995 9 1 11 3 1 4 4 3 1 2 1 3 1 11 1 1 31 2 1 2 93
1996 8 11 4 1 4 1 2 1 2 1 11 1 32 2 2 2 85
1997 9 1 11 4 1 4 1 2 1 3 1 11 1 31 2 1 2 86
1998 9 1 11 4 1 6 1 2 1 3 3 11 1 1 32 2 2 2 93
1999 9 1 11 4 1 6 1 2 1 3 2 11 1 1 32 2 1 2 91
2000 9 1 11 4 1 6 1 2 1 3 2 10 1 1 32 1 2 2 2 92
Aus Ber Can Fr Ger Gr HK Ind Ire It Ja Ken Mlt My NL NZ Pak Rh SA SC Si Sp USA VF WI Za Zi Total
2001 9 11 4 1 6 1 2 1 3 2 11 1 32 2 1 2 89
2002 9 1 11 4 1 6 1 2 1 3 2 11 1 1 32 2 2 2 92
2003 9 1 11 4 1 6 1 2 1 3 2 11 1 1 32 2 2 2 92
2004 9 11 4 1 6 2 1 3 2 9 1 31 1 2 2 7 92
2005 11 1 11 4 1 6 1 2 1 3 3 9 1 32 2 2 2 92
2006 11 1 11 2 5 1 2 3 1 10 32 1 2 2 1 85
2007 9 1 11 2 1 5 1 2 3 1 9 32 1 2 2 82
2008 9 1 11 2 1 5 1 2 3 1 9 32 1 1 2 81
2009 8 1 11 2 1 5 1 2 3 1 11 32 1 3 2 84
Total 688 94 1087 4 184 6 23 176 11 5 102 42 41 26 1 201 64 193 866 12 20 2 3168 33 53 51 56 8 7217
Aus Ber Can Fr Ger Gr HK Ind Ire It Ja Ken Mlt My NL NZ Pak Rh SA SC Si Sp USA VF WI Za Zi Total

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rhodes Scholarship constituencies
  2. ^ History of the Rhodes Trust and Rhodes Scholarship
  3. ^ The Rhodes Scholarship for Hong Kong — Memorandum for 2007
  4. ^ a b c Rhodes Scholars, www.rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 30 December 2009.
  5. ^ The Rhodes Trust has defined "Southern Africa" to include South Africa, and at various times, Botswana, East Africa, Ghana, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, and Uganda.