Alloway Township, New Jersey

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Alloway Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Alloway
Alloway Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Alloway Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Alloway Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Alloway Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°33′44″N 75°18′38″W / 39.562311°N 75.310603°W / 39.562311; -75.310603Coordinates: 39°33′44″N 75°18′38″W / 39.562311°N 75.310603°W / 39.562311; -75.310603[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Salem
Royal charter June 17, 1767 as Upper Alloways Creek Township
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Renamed February 21, 1884 as Alloway Township
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Ed McKelvey (term ends December 31, 2013)[3][4]
 • Clerk Mary Lou Rutherford[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 33.834 sq mi (87.630 km2)
 • Land 33.402 sq mi (86.510 km2)
 • Water 0.432 sq mi (1.120 km2)  1.28%
Area rank 71st of 566 in state
6th of 15 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 62 ft (19 m)
Population (2010)[8][9][10]
 • Total 3,467
 • Estimate (2013[11]) 3,434
 • Rank 433rd of 566 in state
9th of 15 in county[12]
 • Density 103.8/sq mi (40.1/km2)
 • Density rank 542nd of 566 in state
10th of 15 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08001[13][14]
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 339, 878, 935[15]
FIPS code 3403300880[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID 00882131[18]
Website www.allowaytownship.com

Alloway Township is a township in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,467,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 693 (+25.0%) from the 2,774 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 21 (-0.8%) from the 2,795 counted in the 1990 Census.[19] What is now Alloway was formally incorporated as Upper Alloways Creek Township by a Royal charter granted on June 17, 1767, from portions of the now-defunct Alloways Creek Township. The township was formally incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Quinton Township was formed from portions of the township on February 18, 1873. The name was officially changed to Alloway Township as of February 21, 1884.[20]

Alloway (with a 2010 Census population of 1,402[21]) is a census-designated place and unincorporated community located within Alloway Township.[22][23][24]

Geography[edit]

The name Alloway is derivative Allowas, an Indian chief.[25][26]

Alloway Township is located at 39°33′44″N 75°18′38″W / 39.562311°N 75.310603°W / 39.562311; -75.310603 (39.562311,-75.310603). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 33.834 square miles (87.630 km2), of which, 33.402 square miles (86.510 km2) of it was land and 0.432 square miles (1.120 km2) of it (1.28%) was water.[1][2]

The township borders Upper Pittsgrove Township, Pilesgrove Township, Mannington Township, Quinton Township, and Cumberland County.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,921
1820 2,194 14.2%
1830 2,136 −2.6%
1840 2,235 4.6%
1850 2,530 13.2%
1860 2,899 14.6%
1870 3,062 5.6%
1880 1,917 * −37.4%
1890 1,675 −12.6%
1900 1,528 −8.8%
1910 1,533 0.3%
1920 1,431 −6.7%
1930 1,575 10.1%
1940 1,705 8.3%
1950 1,792 5.1%
1960 2,226 24.2%
1970 2,550 14.6%
1980 2,680 5.1%
1990 2,795 4.3%
2000 2,774 −0.8%
2010 3,467 25.0%
Est. 2013 3,434 [11] −1.0%
Population sources: 1810-2000[27]
1810-1920[28] 1840[29] 1850-1870[30]
1850[31] 1870[32] 1880-1890[33]
1890-1910[34] 1910-1930[35]
1930-1990[36] 2000[37][38] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[20]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,467 people, 1,193 households, and 944.9 families residing in the township. The population density was 103.8 per square mile (40.1 /km2). There were 1,268 housing units at an average density of 38.0 per square mile (14.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 91.49% (3,172) White, 5.08% (176) Black or African American, 0.43% (15) Native American, 0.89% (31) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.61% (21) from other races, and 1.50% (52) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.96% (68) of the population.[8]

There were 1,193 households, of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.6% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.8% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.21.[8]

In the township, 26.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 30.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.1 years. For every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $86,979 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,158) and the median family income was $91,979 (+/- $8,633). Males had a median income of $61,544 (+/- $11,567) versus $35,528 (+/- $2,497) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $27,649 (+/- $2,963). About 4.6% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 19.1% of those age 65 or over.[39]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 2,774 people, 948 households, and 742 families residing in the township. The population density was 84.5 people per square mile (32.6/km2). There were 995 housing units at an average density of 30.3 per square mile (11.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 90.70% White, 6.89% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.38% of the population.[37][38]

There were 948 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.8% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.7% were non-families. 18.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.19.[37][38]

In the township the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 103.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males.[37][38]

The median income for a household in the township was $56,528, and the median income for a family was $65,132. Males had a median income of $43,839 versus $27,188 for females. The per capita income for the township was $22,935. About 4.5% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.[37][38]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Alloway is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of three members elected at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[6] At an annual reorganization meeting, the council selects one of its members to serves as mayor and another as deputy mayor.

As of 2013, the Alloway Township Committee consists of Mayor P. Ed McKelvey (R, 2014) (R, term ends December 31, 2014), Deputy Mayor K. Myrle Patrick (R, 2013) and Beth Finlaw Reilly (R, 2015).[4][40][41]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Alloway Township is located in the 2nd Congressional district[42] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[9][43][44]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[45] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[46][47] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[48][49]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[50] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[51] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[52]

Salem County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2014, Salem County's Freeholders (with party, residence, term-end year and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Director Julie A. Acton (R, Pennsville Township, 2016; Administration), Deputy Director Dale A. Cross (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Public Safety), Bruce L. Bobbitt (D, Pilesgrove Township, 2014; Public Services), Ben Laury (R, Elmer, 2015; Public Works) Beth E. Timberman (D, Woodstown, 2015; Social Services), Robert J. Vanderslice (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Health and Human Services) Lee R. Ware (D, Elsinboro Township, 2016; Transportation, Agriculture and Cultural Affairs).[53][54] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Gilda T. Gill (2014),[55] Sheriff Charles M. Miller (2015)[56] and Surrogate Nicki A. Burke (2015).[57][58]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,269 registered voters in Alloway Township, of which 509 (22.4% vs. 30.6% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 596 (26.3% vs. 21.0%) were registered as Republicans and 1,163 (51.3% vs. 48.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[59] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 65.4% (vs. 64.6% in Salem County) were registered to vote, including 88.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 84.4% countywide).[59][60]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,011 votes here (56.5% vs. 46.6% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 731 votes (40.8% vs. 50.4%) and other candidates with 32 votes (1.8% vs. 1.6%), among the 1,790 ballots cast by the township's 2,312 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.4% (vs. 71.8% in Salem County).[61] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,060 votes here (62.6% vs. 52.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 609 votes (36.0% vs. 45.9%) and other candidates with 15 votes (0.9% vs. 1.0%), among the 1,693 ballots cast by the township's 2,172 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.9% (vs. 71.0% in the whole county).[62]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 660 votes here (55.4% vs. 46.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 368 votes (30.9% vs. 39.9%), Independent Chris Daggett with 137 votes (11.5% vs. 9.7%) and other candidates with 17 votes (1.4% vs. 2.0%), among the 1,192 ballots cast by the township's 2,302 registered voters, yielding a 51.8% turnout (vs. 47.3% in the county).[63]

Education[edit]

The Alloway Township School District serves students in public school for pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. Alloway Township School had an enrollment of 434 students as of the 2010-11 school year.[64]

Students in public school for grades nine through twelve attend Woodstown High School in Woodstown, which serves students from Pilesgrove Township and Woodstown, along with students from Alloway Township, Oldmans Township and Upper Pittsgrove Township who attend the high school as part of sending/receiving relationships with the Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District.[65]

Transportation[edit]

The township had a total of 79.86 miles (128.52 km) of roadways, of which 36.66 miles (59.00 km) are maintained by the municipality and 43.20 miles (69.52 km) by Salem County.[66]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 20, 2012.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Williams, Michael. "History made in Alloway Township with first woman sworn-in to township committee", South Jersey Times, January 3, 2013. Accessed January 16, 2013. "Newly elected committee member Beth Finlaw Reilly was sworn-in to a three-year term, making her the first woman ever to hold a seat on Alloway Township Committee....The committee named McKelvey to serve as the new mayor of the township — former mayor Joseph Fedora did not seek re-election to township committee.... In other notable appointments made by the committee for 2013, Patrick was named to serve as deputy mayor for his third consecutive year, and John Hoffman was appointed to continue serving as the township attorney."
  5. ^ Clerk / Registrar, Alloway Creek Township. Accessed January 17, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2006, p. 19.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Alloway, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
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  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Alloway township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Alloway, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 23, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Alloway, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 1, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
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  22. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2013.
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  25. ^ http://mapmaker.rutgers.edu/356/nj_place_names_origin.pdf
  26. ^ http://books.google.nl/books?id=luzPpZi34TEC&pg=PA87&lpg=PA87&dq=Aloes+Alloway+indian&source=bl&ots=ag6WzVar2h&sig=aejMUQUF1Vqhmyx4gR_0GQDl3NY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=fzklVOmaMsud7gaxpYHYBg&ved=0CCMQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Aloes%20Alloway%20indian&f=false
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  29. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed August 13, 2013.
  30. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 255, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed January 16, 2013. "Upper Alloway's Creek township contained 2,530 inhabitants in 1850; in 1860, 2,899; in 1870, 3,062."
  31. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  32. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  33. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  34. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  35. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  36. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  37. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Alloway township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  38. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Alloway township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  39. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Alloway township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  40. ^ Township Committee, Alloway Township. Accessed January 17, 2012.
  41. ^ Results/2012-GeneralResults.pdf 2012 General Election Results, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed January 16, 2012.
  42. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  43. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 54, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  45. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  46. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  47. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  48. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  49. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  50. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
  51. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  52. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  53. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  54. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  55. ^ County Clerk, Salem County Clerk's Office . Accessed July 27, 2014.
  56. ^ Sheriff's Office, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  57. ^ Surrogate's Court, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  58. ^ The Official 2013 Salem County Directory, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  59. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Salem, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  60. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  61. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  62. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  63. ^ 2009 Governor: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  64. ^ Data for Alloway Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed January 16, 2013.
  65. ^ Woodstown-Pilesgrove Regional School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 13, 2013. "This School Report Card provides the school district’s constituents with information concerning the district’s programs, including test scores, attendance data of students and staff, financial details, and other specifics which together form a comprehensive review of our school district’s offerings to the Woodstown-Pilesgrove community as well as the high school sending districts of Alloway, Oldmans, and Upper Pittsgrove."
  66. ^ Salem County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 13, 2013.

External links[edit]