Allston

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For the surname, see Allston (surname).
Allston
Neighborhood
Park Vale Avenue looking toward Brighton Avenue
Park Vale Avenue looking toward Brighton Avenue
Nickname(s): Allston Rock City, Allston Village
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Suffolk
Neighborhood of Boston
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
Zip Code 02134
Area code(s) 617 & 857

Allston is a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, located in the western part of the city. It was named after the American painter and poet Washington Allston. It comprises the land covered by the zip code 02134.[1] For the most part, Allston is administered collectively with the adjacent neighborhood of Brighton. The two are often referred to together as "Allston-Brighton". Boston Police Department District D-14 covers the Allston-Brighton area and a Boston Fire Department Allston station is located in Union Square which houses Engine 41 and Ladder 14. Engine 41 is nicknamed "The Bull" to commemorate the historic stockyards of Allston.

Housing stock varies but largely consists of brick apartment buildings, especially on Commonwealth Avenue and the streets directly off it, while areas further down Brighton Avenue, close to Brighton, are largely dotted with wooden triple-deckers. Lower Allston, across the Massachusetts Turnpike from the rest of Allston, consists of mostly 1890-1920s single-family and multi-family Victorian homes.

Demographics[edit]

The estimated population of Allston is 29,196, according to the 2010 Census.[2] The median home cost is $317,000, a decline of 0.97% in the last year. The cost of living is 9.81% higher than the national average. The population density is 18,505/mi2, about 50% higher than the citywide average of 12,166. The median age is 29.2. 76.45% of residents list status as single.[1]

Allston is home to many immigrant populations, the largest groups being from Russia, East Asia, South Asia, and South America, particularly Brazil and Colombia.

In the 1990s, census figures indicated that 52.6% of Allston's population was aged 20–34 (as compared to 33% for the city of Boston as a whole), an indication of the strong student and "twenty-something" presence. That presence has created tension between some long-time residents and the student population, which constantly cycles in and out as students matriculate and graduate from Boston's many colleges and universities. In addition to nightly dancing and live music at area bars, house parties abound on surrounding streets, particularly during the school year. This has long been a sore point among other Allston residents.[3]

The largest religious affiliation is Catholic (44.96%), followed by Protestant (4.77%), unspecified Christian (4.62%), Jewish (3.58%), Baptist (2.10%), and Muslim (1.97%).[1]

Geography[edit]

The Charles River, viewed at night in winter from the Weeks footbridge, with Allston to the right and Cambridge, Massachusetts to the left.

The neighborhood of Allston is almost completely cut off from the main body of the city of Boston by the town of Brookline, which borders Allston on the south and east. It is connected to the rest of Boston only by a small portion of its eastern border that is shared with the Fenway/Kenmore neighborhood. Allston is bordered by the Charles River, separating it from the city of Cambridge to the north, and is split in two by the Massachusetts Turnpike.

The area north of the turnpike near the river is often referred to as "Lower Allston" (referring to its lower elevation) or "North Allston." It consists of streets north of Cambridge Street and the Turnpike, all the way to the Charles River. It extends westward to Everett Street and eastward to Windom Street.[4]

Lower Allston is a small neighborhood that consists of a mix of working professionals, homeowners, and long-term residents. Unlike the rest of Allston, Lower Allston has much fewer students. The neighborhood is very quiet, has extremely low crime,[5] and is an easy walk to Allston Village or Harvard Square.[6]

Lower Allston has close proximity to Route 2, the Mass Pike, Storrow Drive, and Soldier's Field Road. Public transportation includes the Red Line at Harvard Square, the Green Line at Packard's Corner or Harvard Street and Commonwealth Avenue in "upper Allston", and the 57, 66, 70, 71, and 86 bus connections on North Harvard and Western Avenue are about a 2-5 minute walk for everyone.[7]

In the early 21st century, Harvard University announced dramatic expansion plans that called for major building projects, including the demolition of existing businesses, to prepare for the construction of new biology and science buildings in the northern sections of Lower Allston.[8] While the existing building stock was demolished and businesses were evicted, the financial crisis of 2008 and the resultant decrease in Harvard's endowment caused the university to suspend the expansion projects.[9]

History[edit]

Allston Railroad Station, about 1909, currently a Regina Pizzeria

Allston was an eastern section of the former town of Brighton.

In 1867 a new railroad depot for the Boston and Albany railroad opened. In 1868 the station and post office in Brighton's eastern portion were given the name "Allston" after Washington Allston, the noted painter who had lived and worked across the Charles River in the Cambridgeport section of Cambridge.[10] It can even be said to have been named for a specific painting: Washington Allston's "Fields West of Boston".

Allston has never existed as a separate political entity in its own right. The Town of Brighton was annexed by the City of Boston in 1874. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow owned several properties in Allston. In 1887 the wooden depot was replaced by the station depicted at the right. In 1888 Boston's first trolley route began there, running a route through Coolidge Corner, Brookline, to Boylston Street, to downtown Boston.[11]

The Allston community developed largely around large railroad and livestock operations. The Boston and Albany Railroad (now CSX) operated a major yard. Stockyards and a large abattoir operated nearby in the northern part of Brighton. Much of the railroad yard remains in use today as the CSX Transportation Beacon Park Yard, but all livestock activity ended by the mid-20th century. CSX plans to move its yard operation west, allowing the plot to be redeveloped by Harvard.[12]

A strip running from Brighton Avenue in Allston out Commonwealth Avenue toward Kenmore Square was Boston's original "Automile," lined with automobile dealerships. Packard's Sales Stable and Riding School[13] gave Packard's Corner its name, which was then perpetuated by the presence of an opulent Packard dealership. Only a Toyota dealer and a Vespa dealer remain, but the windowed buildings along the eastern end of Brighton Avenue reflect this history.

The Massachusetts Turnpike Extension, built largely on part of the Boston and Albany right-of-way, opened through Allston in 1964 and 1965.[14]

In sports[edit]

Major League Baseball's Boston Braves played at Braves Field (now Boston University's Nickerson Field) at Allston's eastern edge, from 1915 to 1952. The Boston Patriots of the American Football League (now the New England Patriots of the National Football League) played four seasons in Allston: at Nickerson Field in 1960 through 1962; and at Harvard Stadium in 1970.

Culture[edit]

  • Allston is home to numerous small businesses and restaurants. Brighton Avenue, between Packard's Corner and Allston Street, boasts various ethnic and national cuisines from around the world. Harvard Avenue hosts a number of furniture stores, thrift shops, and stores that offer items for resale, due to the large student body and high residential turnover.
  • The section of the neighborhood that lies immediately south of the turnpike and centers on the stretch of Harvard Avenue between Commonwealth Avenue and Cambridge Street also houses many shops, bars, and restaurants. Recent business promotion initiatives have dubbed this area "Allston Village".[15]

Music[edit]

  • Allston is sometimes referred to as "Allston Rock City" within the local music scene.[16]
  • Several recording studios are located in the neighborhood, such as Galaxy Park, established in 1999.[17]
  • Allston's music scene includes a DIY community. The annual Allston-Brighton parade and annual Allston DIY Fest feature many of the neighborhood's musical acts.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Public schools in Allston are part of the school district of Boston Public Schools.

Gardner Pilot Academy (also called the Thomas Gardner School), located on Athol Street, serves Allston residents pre-kindergarten through grade five.[18] In April 2008 a science teacher at Gardner Pilot Academy won the "Ultimate Science Classroom," a raffle prize furnished annually by the National Science Teachers Association. The school received approximately $40,000 in science teaching materials and apparatus.[19]

The Horace Mann School for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, located on Armington Street, is the oldest public school for the hearing impaired in the United States.[20] The school was attended by Helen Keller (Shichtman, 23) and Alexander Graham Bell's work at the school inspired him to begin experiments in an apparatus to help deaf children hear. These experiments eventually led to the telephone (MacKenzie, 56-57). The school serves the hearing impaired in Boston from pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.

Harvard Stadium in Allston hosts college football games.

Jackson Mann School, also on Armington Street, serves residents from kindergarten through eighth grade.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Allston lies near two major universities. A substantial part of the campus of Harvard University is in lower Allston, including Harvard Business School and most athletic facilities (such as Bright Hockey Center, Harvard Stadium, and the Lavietes Pavilion). Harvard also owns large portions of other land in lower Allston, much of which it plans to develop as an academic campus, particularly as an auxiliary site for the Harvard Medical School and other healthcare-related programs. Boston University lies along Commonwealth Avenue to the east. The New Balance Field of Boston University symbolizes further integration of BU into the Allston community and is the first in a series of projects that will include the creation of a major new dormitory building in the area.[21] Berklee College of Music also has a practice and rehearsal building near Commonwealth Avenue, on Fordham Road, which runs between Commonwealth Avenue and Brighton Avenue.

Notable residents[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The "B" Branch of the Boston MBTA subway Green Line runs through the neighborhood along Commonwealth Avenue. The former "A Line" of the Green Line to Watertown Square ran along Brighton Avenue, though it has been replaced by MBTA bus route 57. Other MBTA bus lines serve Allston, including routes 64, 66, 70 and 86. 43.88% of residents commute by mass transit, compared with 2% for the country as a whole.[1] The CSX Railroad operates the large Beacon Park freight yard which runs adjacent to the Mass. Turnpike. With the inclusion of bus route 57 in the MBTA late night push in 2014, the 57 bus will run until 3 am. Allston nightlife is expected to grow even larger as resident bands can play for a bigger crowd.[22]

In May 2006, Harvard officials said that they would like to establish a commuter rail stop in Allston on the Framingham/Worcester line.[23] This would restore service lacking since the closure of the long-dormant Allston train depot. As of 2009, there had been actions by the state legislature to restore train service in the area.[24] In June 2012, plans were announced for a station to be called Boston Landing, located in Brighton, to serve the Allston-Brighton area.

In September 2014, plans for a $25 million commuter rail station nicknamed "West Station"[25] were announced. The station's construction will coincide with a plan to straighten the Massachusetts Turnpike over the former CSX rail yard. The new station will initially operate exclusively on the Worcester/Framingham line, but will be constructed with 4 platforms to accommodate future uses that may include rapid-transit service to North Station via the existing Grand Junction rail line through Cambridge and Somerville.[25][26]

Events[edit]

  • Allston Squirt Gun Day is an unsanctioned event organized by young residents and held yearly in late August. Participants are asked to wear green and gather at the intersection of Harvard Avenue and Brighton Avenue.[27] The event is typically short-lived as it creates a panic among those unaware of what is going on.[28] In 2009, the Squirt Gun festivities continued as a sanctioned event at nearby Ringer Park.
  • In 2003, the community, along with neighboring Brighton, saw an outbreak of bedbugs in hundreds of apartments. This was due to the practice of people buying used mattresses or accepting ones left behind by former tenants.[citation needed] A $200 subsidy was offered to tenants with infested mattresses,[29] and bedbug extermination workshops were held by the Boston Inspectional Services Housing Division.
  • In 2005, the New England Foundation for the Arts selected a site in Allston for its Art & Community Landscapes program.[30] The artist team of Legge Lewis Legge[31] was chosen to design this site which is known as the Lincoln Street Green Strip.[32]
  • Each year the community hosts the Allston Village Street Fair on Harvard Avenue between Brighton Avenue and Cambridge Street. The fair features live performances, international food, and local businesses, along with family-friendly activities.[33]
  • In 2012, Aerosmith played a set in front of their home at 1325 Commonwealth. They were introduced by the New England Patriots players (most notably Tom Brady), owner Robert Kraft, and the cheerleaders.[34]

References in popular culture[edit]

In television[edit]

  • The ZIP code 02134 is famously identified with Allston, due to a recurring musical piece on the PBS children's series ZOOM — whose originating station, WGBH, was located in the neighborhood until 2007. Residents and mapmakers refer to the eastern part of the former town of Brighton as "Allston." The border runs along Everett Street, continuing along Gordon Street and Kelton Street.

In music[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d http://www.bestplaces.net/zip-code/Allston-Massachusetts-02134.aspx
  2. ^ http://www.bostonredevelopmentauthority.org/pdf/ResearchPublications//AllstonSF1NBHD.pdf
  3. ^ Boston Phoenix article
  4. ^ http://lowerallston.com
  5. ^ http://neighborhoods.realtor.com/MA/Boston/Allston/483846/Crime-stats
  6. ^ http://www.walkscore.com/get-score.php?street=11+royal+street%2C+allston%2C+ma+02134
  7. ^ http://mbta.com/rider_tools/trip_planner/default.asp
  8. ^ http://construction.harvard.edu/allston/westernaveutilities/project-updates.html
  9. ^ GOODNOUGH, ABBY (May 9, 2009). "Slump Revives Town-Gown Divide Across U.S., May 8, 2009". NYT. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  10. ^ Brighton Allston Historical Society "Harvard Avenue History" http://www.bahistory.org/HarvAveHist.html
  11. ^ Brighton Allston Historical Society "Important Allston Brighton Dates" http://www.bahistory.org/bahdates.html
  12. ^ Patrick-Murray Administration Finalizes Agreement with CSX Transportation
  13. ^ History of Packard's Corner
  14. ^ Mass Pike Website
  15. ^ http://www.allstonvillage.com
  16. ^ a b Tomlinson, Sarah (27 August 2004). "Rock city revival". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  17. ^ Galaxy Park website
  18. ^ http://www.bostonpublicschools.org/node/442
  19. ^ http://www.bostonpublicschools.org/node/881
  20. ^ http://www.hmsboston.org/
  21. ^ http://www.bu.edu/facilities/fmpprojects/maintenance/new-balance-field/
  22. ^ "Late night service:". MBTA. MassDOT. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  23. ^ Harvard Crimson, "University Plans Allston T Stop," May 10, 2006.
  24. ^ http://www.wickedlocal.com/allston/news/x1886164814/State-approves-two-spots-for-Allston-commuter-rail-station#axzz1ZDLHUIoQ
  25. ^ a b http://www.masslive.com/news/boston/index.ssf/2014/09/mbta_new_station_allston.html
  26. ^ http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2014/09/30/weststation/ZB4d0trnj1VGo66u7kkkZP/story.html
  27. ^ http://www.myspace.com/allstonsquirtgunday
  28. ^ Dunn, Gabrielle T. (August 24, 2008). "Police put damper on water balloon fight in Allston". The Boston Globe. 
  29. ^ Allston Brighton Development website
  30. ^ NEFA site
  31. ^ Legge Lewis Legge site
  32. ^ Lincoln Street
  33. ^ http://allstonvillagestreetfair.com/
  34. ^ Rocheleau, Matt (5 November 2012). "Aerosmith draws sea of fans to Allston streets". The Boston Globe. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°21′10″N 71°07′56″W / 42.3529°N 71.1321°W / 42.3529; -71.1321