Allsvenskan

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This article is about the Swedish football league. For other uses, see Allsvenskan (disambiguation).
Allsvenskan
Allsvenskan.svg
Country  Sweden
Confederation UEFA
Founded 13 January 1924
Number of teams 16
Levels on pyramid 1
Relegation to Superettan
Domestic cup(s) Svenska Cupen
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions Malmö FF
(2014)
Most championships Malmö FF (21 titles)
TV partners TV4 Group
Website Allsvenskan
2014 Allsvenskan

Allsvenskan [alː.ˈsvɛnːskan] ( )), English: The All-Swedish, also known as Fotbollsallsvenskan, English: The Football All-Swedish) is a Swedish professional league for men's association football clubs. It was founded in 1924, and is the top flight of the Swedish football league system, operating on a system of promotion and relegation with Superettan. Seasons run from late March or early April to beginning of November, with the 16 clubs all meeting each other twice, resulting in a 30-match season, for a total of 240 matches league-wide.

Allsvenskan is ranked 23rd in the UEFA coefficients of leagues based on performances in European competitions over the last five years, just ahead of the Scottish Premiership and behind the Danish Superliga. The current champions are Malmö FF, who won the title in the 2014 season.

Including the 2013 season, Allsvenskan has been running for an unbroken streak of 88 seasons, which amongst national-level football leagues is the third longest such streak in the world, beaten only by Switzerland and Argentina.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Sune Sandbring, Malmö FF in a game with Sanny Jacobsson, GAIS in 1953.

Allsvenskan started in the 1924-25 Allsvenskan season and the first winner was GAIS. The one-league twelve team Allsvenskan replaced the Svenska Serien, consisting of a southern and northern group that was held before. In 1931, the league started to decide the Swedish football champions.

In the early years, Norrland and Gotland teams were not allowed to play on higher levels in the league system, which was gradually changed to include the Norrland and Gotland teams on higher levels. In the 1955-56 season, Lycksele IF became the first Norrland team to play in an Allsvenskan promotion play-off, however they lost to GAIS.

For the 1959 Allsvenskan, the season start was changed from autumn to spring to be played in one calendar year. In 1973, it was expanded to contain 14 teams. In the 1970s, Malmö FF, under the lead of Spanish Antonio Durán and later English Bob Houghton, won five Allsvenskan and managed to proceed to the 1979 European Cup Final, which they lost to Nottingham Forest F.C..

From the 1982 season, the league introduced a play-off to determine the Swedish football champions. In the late 1980s, Malmö FF were dominant, winning the league five times in a row, but only two Swedish championships. The 1990 season saw the introduction of three points per win. The play-off season years were followed by two years of continuation league, named Mästerskapsserien.

The 1993 season saw a return to the classical format, again with 14 teams. IFK Göteborg won five Allsvenskan league titles in the 1990s.

In the early 2000s, Djurgårdens IF won three titles (2002, 2003 and 2005). In 2004, Örebro SK lost its place in the league due to finical problems, and Assyriska FF got their place. Since 2008, the league consists of 16 teams.

Status[edit]

The champions of the Allsvenskan are considered Swedish champions and gold medal winners. The runners-up are awarded the Large Silver medal, the third positioned team are awarded the Small Silver medal and the team positioned in fourth place are awarded the Bronze medal.

There have been seasons with exceptions when the winners of Allsvenskan wasn't considered Swedish champions as well. Allsvenskan winners between 1924 and 1930 were crowned league champions and awarded gold medals, the title of Swedish champions was awarded to the winner of Svenska Mästerskapet up until 1925 and then not at all until 1930. The years 1982 through 1990 are also exceptions, the title was instead decided through play-offs during these years. The same was true for the years 1991 through 1992 when the title was decided through a continuation league called Mästerskapsserien. Historically, there is though a big difference between the Allsvenskan winners before 1931 compared to the period between 1982 and 1992. As winning Allsvenskan in its earlier seasons was the optimal aim for the clubs, while as during the era of play-offs and Mästerskapsserien, the optimal goal wasn't to win Allsvenskan, but the play-offs or Mästerskapsserien.

Competition format[edit]

Since 2008 there are 16 clubs in Allsvenskan. During the course of a season (starting in late March and ending in early November) each club plays the others twice (home and away) for a total of 30 games. The two lowest placed teams at the end of the season are relegated to Superettan and the top two teams from Superettan are promoted in their place. The third lowest team in Allsvenskan plays a relegation/promotion play-off against the third placed team in Superettan.

The winners of Allsvenskan qualify for the UEFA Champions League, the runner-up together with the third placed team in the table qualify for the UEFA Europa League as well as the team who wins the Svenska Cupen.

Changes in competition format[edit]

From To Number of teams Number of match-weeks Season Start Season End Play-offs
1924–25 1956–57 12 22 Autumn Spring
1957–58 33 Next autumn
1959 1972 22 Spring Autumn
1973 1981 14 26
1982 1983 12 22 Play-offs with eight teams
1984 1990 Play-offs with four teams
1991 1992 10 18 Summer League with six teams
1993 2007 14 26 Autumn
2008 Present 16 30

The decider at equal amount of points was goal ratio until the 1940–41 season, thereafter goal difference.

Awards[edit]

Trophy[edit]

The current trophy awarded to the Swedish champions is the Lennart Johanssons Pokal. Created in 2001, the trophy is named after former UEFA chairman, Lennart Johansson. A different trophy that was named after Clarence von Rosen, the first chairman of the Swedish Football Association, had previously been used between 1903 and 2000, but was replaced after journalists reported that von Rosen had personal connections to infamous nazi leader Hermann Göring.[1] The former President of the Swedish Football Association, Lars-Åke Lagrell stated that the reason for the change of trophy wasn't a personal attack against Von Rosen but rather that the Football Association didn't want to be linked to nazism and constantly engage in discussions regarding this every time the trophy was awarded.[1]

Player and manager awards[edit]

In addition to the winner's trophy and the individual winner's medals awarded to players, Allsvenskan also awards the most valuable player, goalkeeper of the year, defender of the year, midfielder o the year, forward of the year, newcomer of the year and manager of year at Allsvenskans stora pris together with C More and Magasinet Offside.[2] Also, the Allsvenskan top scorer has is awarded.

Television[edit]

The Swiss corporation Kentaro has owned the TV rights for Allsvenskan since 2006.[3] Through licence agreements with the media company TV4 Group matches are aired through C More Entertainment who broadcasts them on their C More Sport and C More Live channels. Matches can also be bought through the online pay-per-view service C SPORTS. The current license agreement is valid to 2019.[4]

Clubs[edit]

A total of 62 clubs have played in Allsvenskan from its inception in 1924 up to and including the 2014 season. No club have been a member of the league for every season since its inception, AIK are the club to have participated in most seasons with a record of 86 seasons played out of 90 seasons in total. Malmö FF have the record of most consecutive seasons, 63 consecutive seasons between 1936–37 and 1999. IFK Göteborg are currently the club with the longest running streak, starting their 39th season in 2015.

The following 16 clubs are competing in Allsvenskan during the 2015 season:

Club
Position
in 2014
First season Number of seasons First season of
current spell
Titles Last title
AIK 3rd 1924–25 86 2006 5 2009
BK Häcken 5th 1983 14 2009 0 N/A
Djurgårdens IF 7th 1927–28 59 2001 7 2005
Falkenbergs FF 13th 2014 1 2014 0 N/A
GIF Sundsvall 2nd in Superettan 1965 14 2015 0 N/A
Gefle IF 14th 1933–34 14 2005 0 N/A
Halmstads BK 10th 1933–34 52 2013 4 2000
Hammarby IF 1st in Superettan 1924–25 46 2015 1 2001
Helsingborgs IF 9th 1924–25 64 1993 7 2011
IF Elfsborg 4th 1926–27 71 1997 6 2012
IFK Göteborg 2nd 1924–25 82 1977 13 2007
IFK Norrköping 12th 1924–25 74 2011 12 1992
Kalmar FF 11th 1949–50 27 2004 1 2008
Malmö FF 1st 1931–32 79 2001 21 2014
Åtvidabergs FF 8th 1968 19 2012 2 1973
Örebro SK 6th 1946–47 46 2014 0 N/A

Stadia and locations[edit]

Tele2 Arena in Stockholm.

Current team and stadiums:

Club Location Stadium Capacity
AIK Stockholm Friends Arena 54,000
BK Häcken Gothenburg Gamla Ullevi 18,900
Djurgårdens IF Stockholm Tele2 Arena 33,000
Falkenbergs FF Falkenberg Falkenbergs IP 5,000
Gefle IF Gävle Gefle IF new stadium 6,500
GIF Sundsvall Sundsvall Norrporten Arena 7,700
Halmstads BK Halmstad Örjans Vall 15,500
Hammarby IF Stockholm Tele2 Arena 33,000
Helsingborgs IF Helsingborg Olympia 16,500
IF Elfsborg Borås Borås Arena 16,899
IFK Göteborg Gothenburg Gamla Ullevi 18,900
IFK Norrköping Norrköping Idrottsparken 15,734
Kalmar FF Kalmar Guldfågeln Arena 12,182
Malmö FF Malmö Swedbank Stadion 24,000
Åtvidabergs FF Åtvidaberg Kopparvallen 8,000
Örebro SK Örebro Behrn Arena 13,129

Managers[edit]

Åge Hareide, manager of the reigning champions Malmö FF is the only foreign manager in the league.

The current managers in Allsvenskan are:

Name Club Appointed
Sweden Gerhardsson, PeterPeter Gerhardsson BK Häcken 20 November 2008
Sweden Andersson, JanneJanne Andersson IFK Norrköping 1 December 2010
Sweden Alm, AndreasAndreas Alm AIK 16 December 2010
Sweden
Sweden
Cedergren, JoelJoel Cedergren
Franzén, RogerRoger Franzén
GIF Sundsvall 14 December 2012
Sweden Bergstrand, NanneNanne Bergstrand Hammarby IF 6 November 2013
Sweden Olsson, PerPer Olsson Djurgårdens IF 20 November 2013
Sweden Sandberg, RogerRoger Sandberg Gefle IF 10 December 2013
Norway Hareide, ÅgeÅge Hareide Malmö FF 9 January 2014
Sweden Axén, AlexanderAlexander Axén Örebro SK 13 June 2014
Sweden Larsson, HenrikHenrik Larsson Helsingborgs IF 10 November 2014
Sweden Haglund, MagnusMagnus Haglund IF Elfsborg 12 November 2014
Sweden Jönsson, JanJan Jönsson Halmstads BK 19 November 2014
Sweden Vacant IFK Göteborg Since 3 November 2014
Sweden Vacant Falkenbergs FF Since 10 November 2014
Sweden Vacant Kalmar FF Since 14 November 2014
Sweden Vacant Åtvidabergs FF Since 15 November 2014

Players[edit]

Rank Player Apps Goals
1 Sweden Sven Andersson 431 0
2 Sweden Thomas Ravelli 416 0
3 Sweden Daniel Tjernström 411 24
4 Sweden Sven Jonasson 410 254
5 Sweden Bengt Andersson 387 3

Appearances[edit]

Sven Andersson has the record for most appearances in Allsvenskan with 431 appearances for Örgryte IS and Helsingborgs IF. Sven Jonasson has the record for most matches in a row with 332 matches for IF Elfsborg between 11 September 1927 and 1 November 1942.

Foreign players[edit]

Until 1974, foreign players were banned from playing in Allsvenskan, however not on all levels of football in Sweden.[5] In the first season of allowance, on 13 April 1974, English Ronald Powell in Brynäs IF became the first foreign player in Allsvenskan[5] In 1977, Tunisian Melke Amri became the first non-European player. In 1978, Icelandic Teitur Þórðarson in Östers IF became the first foreign player to win the Allsvenskan[6]

Rank Player Apps Goals
1 Sweden Sven Jonasson 410 254
2 Sweden Carl-Erik Holmberg 260 194
3 Sweden Filip Johansson 182
5 Sweden Harry Lundahl 179
5 Sweden Harry Bild 290 162
Sweden Bertil Johansson 267 162

Top scorers[edit]

Sven Jonasson has made the most goals in the Allsvenskan history, with 254 goals in 410 appearances. Gunnar Nordahl has become the top scorer most times, with four wins.

Previous winners[edit]

Key
0000000000 Season when the league didn't decide the Swedish champions
0000000000 Season when Swedish champions wasn't awarded at all

Performances[edit]

Medal table[edit]

Historically the players and coaching staff from the four best teams in Allsvenskan are awarded medals at the end of each season. The champions are awarded the gold medal while the runners-up receive the "big silver" medal. The third place team gets the "small silver" medal instead of the more commonly used bronze medal which is instead awarded to the fourth place finisher. This tradition of awarding four medals and not three is thought to have to do with the fact that the losers of the Semi-finals of Svenska Mästerskapet were both given bronze medals since no bronze match was played.[7]

The overall medal rank is displayed below after points in descending order. 5 points are awarded for a "gold" medal, 3 points for a "big silver" medal, 2 points for a "small silver" medal and 1 point for a bronze medal. The table that follows is accurate as of the end of the 2014 season.[7]

Rank Club Gold Big Silver Small Silver Bronze Points
1 Malmö FF 21 14 9 8 173
2 IFK Göteborg 13 12 16 9 142
3 IFK Norrköping 12 9 4 7 102
4 AIK 5 12 11 8 91
5 Helsingborgs IF 7 7 9 10 84
6 IF Elfsborg 6 6 6 7 67
7 Djurgårdens IF 7 3 9 3 65
8 GAIS 4 4 4 4 44
9 Östers IF 4 3 3 3 38
10 Örgryte IS 2 2 6 6 34
11 Halmstads BK 4 2 2 2 32
12 Kalmar FF 1 2 2 3 18
13 Åtvidabergs FF 2 2 0 1 17
14 Hammarby IF 1 2 2 2 17
15 Örebro SK 0 2 2 4 14
16 Degerfors IF 0 2 2 2 12
17 IK Sleipner 1 1 1 1 11
18 Landskrona BoIS 0 0 1 3 5 [8][9]
19 Sandvikens IF 0 0 1 3 5
20 BK Häcken 0 1 0 0 3
IFK Malmö 0 1 0 0 3
Jönköpings Södra IF 0 1 0 0 3
Råå IF 0 1 0 0 3
24 Trelleborgs FF 0 0 1 1 3
25 IK Brage 0 0 0 3 3

Honoured clubs[edit]

Clubs in European football are commonly honoured for winning multiple league titles and a representative golden star is sometimes placed above the club badge to indicate the club having won 10 league titles. In Sweden the star instead symbolizes 10 Swedish championship titles for the majority of the clubs as the league winner has not always been awarded the title of Swedish champions.[a] Stars for Allsvenskan clubs was not common practise until 2006, although AIK had already introduced a star to their kit in 2000. IFK Göteborg, Malmö FF, IFK Norrköping, Örgryte IS and Djurgårdens IF were the first teams after AIK to introduce their stars. No new club has introduced a star since 2006, the clubs closest to their first are IF Elfsborg with 6 Swedish championship titles and Helsingborgs IF with 7 Allsvenskan titles depending on what the star symbolizes. The following table is ordered after number of stars followed by number of Swedish championship titles and then the number of Allsvenskan titles.

Statistics updated as of the end of the 2014 season
Club Swedish championship titles Allsvenskan titles Stars Introduced Stars symbolizes
Malmö FF 18 21 Star full.svgStar full.svg 2006 Number of Allsvenskan titles[11]
IFK Göteborg 18 13 Star full.svg 2006 Number of Swedish championship titles
IFK Norrköping 12 12 Star full.svg 2006 Number of Swedish championship titles
Örgryte IS 12 2 Star full.svg 2006 Number of Swedish championship titles
Djurgårdens IF 11 7 Star full.svg 2006 Number of Swedish championship titles
AIK 11 5 Star full.svg 2000 Number of Swedish championship titles

Cities[edit]

Locations of the cities who have won the league
Town or city League wins Clubs
Malmö
21
Malmö FF (21)
Gothenburg
19
IFK Göteborg (13), GAIS (4) Örgryte IS (2)
Norrköping
13
IFK Norrköping (12), IK Sleipner (1)
Stockholm
13
Djurgårdens IF (7), AIK (5), Hammarby IF (1)
Helsingborg
7
Helsingborgs IF (7)
Borås
6
IF Elfsborg (6)
Halmstad
4
Halmstads BK (4)
Växjö
4
Östers IF (4)
Åtvidaberg
2
Åtvidabergs FF (2)
Kalmar
1
Kalmar FF (1)

All-time Allsvenskan table[edit]

The all-time Allsvenskan table, "maratontabellen" in Swedish, is a cumulative record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Allsvenskan since its inception in 1924–25. It uses three points for a win even though this system was not introduced until the 1990 season. The matches played in the championship play-offs between 1982 and 1990 or the matches played in Mästerskapsserien in 1991 and 1992 are not included. The table that follows is accurate as of the end of the 2014 season.[12]

Malmö FF are the current leaders, having had the lead since the end of the 2012 season when they overtook the lead from IFK Göteborg. IFK Göteborg are the club to have spent most seasons in the top spot with 48 seasons as leaders with a record of the most consecutive seasons as leaders with 35 seasons between 1938 and 1972. Six clubs have been in the lead, the lead having changed among them ten times since 1925. The former leader with the lowest current ranking in the table is GAIS, currently placing 9th and 1584 points short of Malmö FF.

Attendance[edit]

Last five seasons average attendance
Year Spectators per match
2010
6,518
2011
7,326
2012
7,210
2013
7,627
2014
7,132

Most attendance records for Allsvenskan were set in the 1959 season, coincidentally the first season that the league switched from an autumn–spring format to a spring–autumn format. 1959 saw records for highest attendance at a match (52,194 at an Örgryte win over IFK Göteborg at Ullevi), highest average home attendance for a club (25,520 for Örgryte's 11 home matches), and the highest ever average attendance for Allsvenskan as a whole (13,369).

AIK has had the league's highest attendance for the season more often than any other club, followed by IFK Göteborg and Örgryte. Other teams that have for at least one season had the best attendance in the league include Helsingborg, Malmö FF, Djurgården, GAIS, Hammarby, Örebro SK, and Öster.

Referees[edit]

Allsvenskan has 22 active referees that are available for matches as of the 2014 season. Currently there are seven fully certified international FIFA referees in Allsvenskan. There are also a further ten referees who are certified by the Swedish Football Association who have refereed matches in Allsvenskan. Markus Strömbergsson is the only as of now active referee who has been a FIFA certified referee (2006–2012) but who is now active only as a referee certified by the Swedish Football Association. A further five referees certified by the Swedish Football Association are available to referee Allsvenskan matches but have not done so as of 2014.[13]

FIFA certified referees[edit]

Allsvenskan in international competition[edit]

Malmö FF were runners up in the 1978–79 European Cup, after a 1–0 defeat against Nottingham Forest.[14] IFK Göteborg won the UEFA Cup twice, in 1981–82 (defeating Hamburger SV in the finals)[15] and 1986–87 (defeating Dundee United in the finals).[16] IFK Göteborg also reached the semi-finals of the European Cup in 1985–86. They won 3–0 against FC Barcelona, and lost 0–3 at Camp Nou, Barcelona won on penalty shootout.[17]

The following teams have participated in the UEFA Champions League or UEFA Europa League group stages:

Club UEFA Champions League UEFA Europa League
IFK Göteborg 1992–93
1994–95
1996–97
1997–98
N/A
AIK 1999–2000 2012–13
Helsingborgs IF 2000–01 2012–13
Malmö FF 2014–15 2011–12
IF Elfsborg N/A 2013–14

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The title of "Swedish Champions" has been awarded to the winner of four different competitions over the years. Between 1896 and 1925 the title was awarded to the winner of Svenska Mästerskapet, a stand-alone cup tournament. No club were given the title between 1926 and 1930 even though the first-tier league Allsvenskan was played. In 1931 the title was reinstated and awarded to the winner of Allsvenskan. Between 1982 and 1990 a play-off in cup format was held at the end of the league season to decide the champions. After the play-off format in 1991 and 1992 the title was decided by the winner of Mästerskapsserien, an additional league after the end of Allsvenskan. Since the 1993 season the title has once again been awarded to the winner of Allsvenskan.[10]
  2. ^ Hammarby IF were deducted three points in 2006.
  3. ^ Ljungskile SK were known as Panos Ljungskile SK during the season of 1997.
  4. ^ IFK Holmsund played in Allsvenskan in 1967. The team went into bankruptcy in 1990.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Thorén, Petra. "SM-pokalen ska skrotas". aftonbladet.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2011-01-03. 
  2. ^ http://www.allsvenskan.se/allsvenskans-stora-pris-2013/
  3. ^ "Tar kameran – med våld" (in Swedish). 2008-04-26. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 
  4. ^ "Nytt tv-avtal för allsvenskan". svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  5. ^ a b http://www.aftonbladet.se/sportbladet/fotboll/sverige/allsvenskan/article10862370.ab
  6. ^ http://www.fotbollsweden.se/Allsve%201978.htm
  7. ^ a b "Guld, stort silver, litet silver och brons?". svenskfotboll.se (The Swedish Football Association). Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  8. ^ http://www.hif.se/StandardPage.aspx?id=899bdb35-7ce0-4806-8f57-d5d07273ac7b
  9. ^ http://www.aik.se/fotboll/statistik/matches.php?seasonid=14
  10. ^ "Svenska mästare 1896–1925, 1931–" [Swedish champions 1896–1925, 1931–]. svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  11. ^ "Nu finns årets matchställ i MFF Shopen". mff.se (in Swedish). Malmö FF. 10 January 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  12. ^ Lindahl, Jimmy. "Allsvenska maratontabellen 1924/25-2009". Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 2009-12-13. 
  13. ^ "Elitdomare i herrfotboll". svenskfotboll.se. Retrieved 23 February 2013. .
  14. ^ http://www.uefa.com/uefachampionsleague/season=1978/matches/all/index.html
  15. ^ http://www.uefa.com/uefaeuropaleague/season=1981/matches/all/index.html
  16. ^ http://www.uefa.com/uefaeuropaleague/season=1986/matches/all/index.html
  17. ^ http://www.uefa.com/uefachampionsleague/season=1985/matches/all/index.html

External links[edit]