|Founded||13 January 1924|
|Number of teams||16|
|Levels on pyramid||1|
|Domestic cup(s)||Svenska Cupen|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
|Current champions||Malmö FF
|Most championships||Malmö FF (21 titles)|
|TV partners||TV4 Group|
|Allsvenskan (Tier 1)|
|Superettan (Tier 2)|
|Division 1 (Tier 3)|
|Division 2 (Tier 4)|
|Division 3 (Tier 5)|
|Division 4 (Tier 6)|
|Division 5 (Tier 7)|
|Division 6 (Tier 8)|
|Division 7 (Tier 9)|
|Division 8 (Tier 10)|
Allsvenskan [alː.ˈsvɛnːskan] ( )), English: The All-Swedish, also known as Fotbollsallsvenskan, English: The Football All-Swedish) is a Swedish professional league for men's association football clubs. It was founded in 1924, and is the top flight of the Swedish football league system, operating on a system of promotion and relegation with Superettan. Seasons run from late March or early April to beginning of November, with the 16 clubs all meeting each other twice, resulting in a 30-match season, for a total of 240 matches league-wide.
Allsvenskan is ranked 23rd in the UEFA coefficients of leagues based on performances in European competitions over the last five years, just ahead of the Scottish Premiership and behind the Danish Superliga. The current champions are Malmö FF, who won the title in the 2014 season.
Including the 2013 season, Allsvenskan has been running for an unbroken streak of 88 seasons[update], which amongst national-level football leagues is the third longest such streak in the world, beaten only by Switzerland and Argentina.
- 1 History
- 2 Status
- 3 Competition format
- 4 Awards
- 5 Television
- 6 Clubs
- 7 Stadia and locations
- 8 Managers
- 9 Players
- 10 Previous winners
- 11 Performances
- 12 All-time Allsvenskan table
- 13 Attendance
- 14 Referees
- 15 Allsvenskan in international competition
- 16 See also
- 17 Footnotes
- 18 References
- 19 External links
Allsvenskan started in the 1924-25 Allsvenskan season and the first winner was GAIS. The one-league twelve team Allsvenskan replaced the Svenska Serien, consisting of a southern and northern group that was held before. In 1931, the league started to decide the Swedish football champions.
In the early years, Norrland and Gotland teams were not allowed to play on higher levels in the league system, which was gradually changed to include the Norrland and Gotland teams on higher levels. In the 1955-56 season, Lycksele IF became the first Norrland team to play in an Allsvenskan promotion play-off, however they lost to GAIS.
For the 1959 Allsvenskan, the season start was changed from autumn to spring to be played in one calendar year. In 1973, it was expanded to contain 14 teams. In the 1970s, Malmö FF, under the lead of Spanish Antonio Durán and later English Bob Houghton, won five Allsvenskan and managed to proceed to the 1979 European Cup Final, which they lost to Nottingham Forest F.C..
From the 1982 season, the league introduced a play-off to determine the Swedish football champions. In the late 1980s, Malmö FF were dominant, winning the league five times in a row, but only two Swedish championships. The 1990 season saw the introduction of three points per win. The play-off season years were followed by two years of continuation league, named Mästerskapsserien.
The 1993 season saw a return to the classical format, again with 14 teams. IFK Göteborg won five Allsvenskan league titles in the 1990s.
In the early 2000s, Djurgårdens IF won three titles (2002, 2003 and 2005). In 2004, Örebro SK lost its place in the league due to finical problems, and Assyriska FF got their place. Since 2008, the league consists of 16 teams.
The champions of the Allsvenskan are considered Swedish champions and gold medal winners. The runners-up are awarded the Large Silver medal, the third positioned team are awarded the Small Silver medal and the team positioned in fourth place are awarded the Bronze medal.
There have been seasons with exceptions when the winners of Allsvenskan wasn't considered Swedish champions as well. Allsvenskan winners between 1924 and 1930 were crowned league champions and awarded gold medals, the title of Swedish champions was awarded to the winner of Svenska Mästerskapet up until 1925 and then not at all until 1930. The years 1982 through 1990 are also exceptions, the title was instead decided through play-offs during these years. The same was true for the years 1991 through 1992 when the title was decided through a continuation league called Mästerskapsserien. Historically, there is though a big difference between the Allsvenskan winners before 1931 compared to the period between 1982 and 1992. As winning Allsvenskan in its earlier seasons was the optimal aim for the clubs, while as during the era of play-offs and Mästerskapsserien, the optimal goal wasn't to win Allsvenskan, but the play-offs or Mästerskapsserien.
Since 2008 there are 16 clubs in Allsvenskan. During the course of a season (starting in late March and ending in early November) each club plays the others twice (home and away) for a total of 30 games. The two lowest placed teams at the end of the season are relegated to Superettan and the top two teams from Superettan are promoted in their place. The third lowest team in Allsvenskan plays a relegation/promotion play-off against the third placed team in Superettan.
The winners of Allsvenskan qualify for the UEFA Champions League, the runner-up together with the third placed team in the table qualify for the UEFA Europa League as well as the team who wins the Svenska Cupen.
Changes in competition format
|From||To||Number of teams||Number of match-weeks||Season Start||Season End||Play-offs|
|1982||1983||12||22||Play-offs with eight teams|
|1984||1990||Play-offs with four teams|
|1991||1992||10||18||Summer||League with six teams|
The current trophy awarded to the Swedish champions is the Lennart Johanssons Pokal. Created in 2001, the trophy is named after former UEFA chairman, Lennart Johansson. A different trophy that was named after Clarence von Rosen, the first chairman of the Swedish Football Association, had previously been used between 1903 and 2000, but was replaced after journalists reported that von Rosen had personal connections to infamous nazi leader Hermann Göring. The former President of the Swedish Football Association, Lars-Åke Lagrell stated that the reason for the change of trophy wasn't a personal attack against Von Rosen but rather that the Football Association didn't want to be linked to nazism and constantly engage in discussions regarding this every time the trophy was awarded.
Player and manager awards
In addition to the winner's trophy and the individual winner's medals awarded to players, Allsvenskan also awards the most valuable player, goalkeeper of the year, defender of the year, midfielder o the year, forward of the year, newcomer of the year and manager of year at Allsvenskans stora pris together with C More and Magasinet Offside. Also, the Allsvenskan top scorer has is awarded.
The Swiss corporation Kentaro has owned the TV rights for Allsvenskan since 2006. Through licence agreements with the media company TV4 Group matches are aired through C More Entertainment who broadcasts them on their C More Sport and C More Live channels. Matches can also be bought through the online pay-per-view service C SPORTS. The current license agreement is valid to 2019.
A total of 61 clubs have played in Allsvenskan from its inception in 1924 up to and including the 2013 season, Falkenbergs FF will be the 62nd club for the 2014 season. No club have been a member of the league for every season since its inception, AIK are the club to have participated in most seasons with a record of 85 seasons played out of 89 seasons in total.
The following 16 clubs are competing in Allsvenskan during the 2014 season:
|First season||Number of seasons||First season of
|Falkenbergs FF||1st in Superettan||2014||0||2014||0||N/A|
|Örebro SK||2nd in Superettan||1946–47||45||2014||0||N/A|
Stadia and locations
Current team and stadiums:
|BK Häcken||Gothenburg||Gamla Ullevi||18,900|
|Djurgårdens IF||Stockholm||Tele2 Arena||30,001|
|Falkenbergs FF||Falkenberg||Falkenbergs IP||4,000|
|Halmstads BK||Halmstad||Örjans Vall||15,500|
|IF Brommapojkarna||Stockholm||Grimsta IP||8,000|
|IF Elfsborg||Borås||Borås Arena||16,899|
|IFK Göteborg||Gothenburg||Gamla Ullevi||18,900|
|Kalmar FF||Kalmar||Guldfågeln Arena||12,182|
|Malmö FF||Malmö||Swedbank Stadion||24,000|
|Örebro SK||Örebro||Behrn Arena||13,129|
The current managers in Allsvenskan are:
|Gerhardsson, PeterPeter Gerhardsson||BK Häcken||20 November 2008|
|Andersson, JanneJanne Andersson||IFK Norrköping||1 December 2010|
|Alm, AndreasAndreas Alm||AIK||16 December 2010|
|Gustafsson, JensJens Gustafsson||Halmstads BK||5 July 2011|
|Stahre, MikaelMikael Stahre||IFK Göteborg||1 November 2011|
|Swärdh, PeterPeter Swärdh||Åtvidabergs FF||5 November 2012|
|Hansen, RoarRoar Hansen||Helsingborgs IF||3 December 2012|
|Ingesson, KlasKlas Ingesson||IF Elfsborg||30 September 2013|
|Eklund, HansHans Eklund||Kalmar FF||4 November 2013|
|Olsson, PerPer Olsson||Djurgårdens IF||20 November 2013|
|Larsson, HenrikHenrik Larsson||Falkenbergs FF||4 December 2013|
|Billborn, StefanStefan Billborn||IF Brommapojkarna||6 December 2013|
|Sandberg, RogerRoger Sandberg||Gefle IF||10 December 2013|
|Hareide, ÅgeÅge Hareide||Malmö FF||9 January 2014|
|Axén, AlexanderAlexander Axén||Örebro SK||13 June 2014|
|Linderoth, AndersAnders Linderoth||Mjällby AIF||21 July 2014|
Sven Andersson has the record for most appearances in Allsvenskan with 431 appearances for Örgryte IS and Helsingborgs IF. Sven Jonasson has the record for most matches in a row with 332 matches for IF Elfsborg between 11 September 1927 and 1 November 1942.
Until 1974, foreign players were banned from playing in Allsvenskan, however not on all levels of football in Sweden. In the first season of allowance, on 13 April 1974, English Ronald Powell in Brynäs IF became the first foreign player in Allsvenskan In 1977, Tunisian Melke Amri became the first non-European player. In 1978, Icelandic Teitur Þórðarson in Östers IF became the first foreign player to win the Allsvenskan
|Season when the league didn't decide the Swedish champions|
|Season when Swedish champions wasn't awarded at all|
Historically the players and coaching staff from the four best teams in Allsvenskan are awarded medals at the end of each season. The champions are awarded the gold medal while the runners-up receive the "big silver" medal. The third place team gets the "small silver" medal instead of the more commonly used bronze medal which is instead awarded to the fourth place finisher. This tradition of awarding four medals and not three is thought to have to do with the fact that the losers of the Semi-finals of Svenska Mästerskapet were both given bronze medals since no bronze match was played.
The overall medal rank is displayed below after points in descending order. 5 points are awarded for a "gold" medal, 3 points for a "big silver" medal, 2 points for a "small silver" medal and 1 point for a bronze medal. The table that follows is accurate as of the end of the 2013 season.
|Rank||Club||Gold||Big Silver||Small Silver||Bronze||Points|
|18||Landskrona BoIS||0||0||1||3||5 |
|Jönköpings Södra IF||0||1||0||0||3|
Clubs in European football are commonly honoured for winning multiple league titles and a representative golden star is sometimes placed above the club badge to indicate the club having won 10 league titles. In Sweden the star instead symbolizes 10 Swedish championship titles for the majority of the clubs as the league winner has not always been awarded the title of Swedish champions.[a] Stars for Allsvenskan clubs was not common practise until 2006, although AIK had already introduced a star to their kit in 2000. IFK Göteborg, Malmö FF, IFK Norrköping, Örgryte IS and Djurgårdens IF were the first teams after AIK to introduce their stars. No new club has introduced a star since 2006, the clubs closest to their first are IF Elfsborg with 6 Swedish championship titles and Helsingborgs IF with 7 Allsvenskan titles depending on what the star symbolizes. The following table is ordered after number of stars followed by number of Swedish championship titles and then the number of Allsvenskan titles.
- Statistics updated as of the end of the 2014 season
|Club||Swedish championship titles||Allsvenskan titles||Stars||Introduced||Stars symbolizes|
|Malmö FF||18||21||2006||Number of Allsvenskan titles|
|IFK Göteborg||18||13||2006||Number of Swedish championship titles|
|IFK Norrköping||12||12||2006||Number of Swedish championship titles|
|Örgryte IS||12||2||2006||Number of Swedish championship titles|
|Djurgårdens IF||11||7||2006||Number of Swedish championship titles|
|AIK||11||5||2000||Number of Swedish championship titles|
|Town or city||League wins||Clubs|
||Malmö FF (21)|
||IFK Göteborg (13), GAIS (4) Örgryte IS (2)|
||IFK Norrköping (12), IK Sleipner (1)|
||Djurgårdens IF (7), AIK (5), Hammarby IF (1)|
||Helsingborgs IF (7)|
||IF Elfsborg (6)|
||Halmstads BK (4)|
||Östers IF (4)|
||Åtvidabergs FF (2)|
||Kalmar FF (1)|
All-time Allsvenskan table
The all-time Allsvenskan table, "maratontabellen" in Swedish, is a cumulative record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Allsvenskan since its inception in 1924–25. It uses three points for a win even though this system was not introduced until the 1990 season. The matches played in the championship play-offs between 1982 and 1990 or the matches played in Mästerskapsserien in 1991 and 1992 are not included. The table that follows is accurate as of the end of the 2013 season.
Malmö FF are the current leaders, having had the lead since the end of the 2012 season when they overtook the lead from IFK Göteborg. IFK Göteborg are the club to have spent most seasons in the top spot with 48 seasons as leaders with a record of the most consecutive seasons as leaders with 35 seasons between 1938 and 1972. Six clubs have been in the lead, the lead having changed among them ten times since 1925. The former leader with the lowest current ranking in the table is GAIS, currently placing 9th and 1522 points short of Malmö FF.
|Year||Spectators per match|
Most attendance records for Allsvenskan were set in the 1959 season, coincidentally the first season that the league switched from an autumn–spring format to a spring–autumn format. 1959 saw records for highest attendance at a match (52,194 at an Örgryte win over IFK Göteborg at Ullevi), highest average home attendance for a club (25,520 for Örgryte's 11 home matches), and the highest ever average attendance for Allsvenskan as a whole (13,369).
AIK has had the league's highest attendance for the season more often than any other club, followed by IFK Göteborg and Örgryte. Other teams that have for at least one season had the best attendance in the league include Helsingborg, Malmö FF, Djurgården, GAIS, Hammarby, Örebro SK, and Öster.
Allsvenskan has 22 active referees that are available for matches as of the 2014 season. Currently there are seven fully certified international FIFA referees in Allsvenskan. There are also a further ten referees who are certified by the Swedish Football Association who have refereed matches in Allsvenskan. Markus Strömbergsson is the only as of now active referee who has been a FIFA certified referee (2006–2012) but who is now active only as a referee certified by the Swedish Football Association. A further five referees certified by the Swedish Football Association are available to referee Allsvenskan matches but have not done so as of 2014.
FIFA certified referees
- Andreas Ekberg
- Jonas Eriksson
- Martin Hansson
- Stefan Johannesson
- Michael Lerjéus
- Bojan Pandžić
- Martin Strömbergsson
Allsvenskan in international competition
Malmö FF were runners up in the 1978–79 European Cup, after a 1–0 defeat against Nottingham Forest F.C.. IFK Göteborg won the UEFA Cup twice, in 1981–82 (defeating Hamburg SV in the finals) and 1986–87 (defeating Dundee United F.C. in the finals). IFK Göteborg also reached the Semifinals of the European Cup in 1985-86. They won 3-0 against FC Barcelona, and lost 0-3 at Camp Nou, Barcelona won on penalty shootout.
The following teams have participated in the UEFA Champions League group stage:
- IFK Göteborg, 4 seasons - 1992–93, 1994–95, 1996–97 and 1997–98
- AIK, 1 season - 1999–2000
- Helsingborg IF, 1 season - 2000–01
- Malmö FF, 1 season - 2014–15
- Seasons in Swedish football
- List of Allsvenskan top scorers
- Sports attendances
- List of foreign Allsvenskan players
- The title of "Swedish Champions" has been awarded to the winner of four different competitions over the years. Between 1896 and 1925 the title was awarded to the winner of Svenska Mästerskapet, a stand-alone cup tournament. No club were given the title between 1926 and 1930 even though the first-tier league Allsvenskan was played. In 1931 the title was reinstated and awarded to the winner of Allsvenskan. Between 1982 and 1990 a play-off in cup format was held at the end of the league season to decide the champions. After the play-off format in 1991 and 1992 the title was decided by the winner of Mästerskapsserien, an additional league after the end of Allsvenskan. Since the 1993 season the title has once again been awarded to the winner of Allsvenskan.
- Hammarby IF were deducted three points in 2006.
- Ljungskile SK were known as Panos Ljungskile SK during the season of 1997.
- IFK Holmsund played in Allsvenskan in 1967. The team went into bankruptcy in 1990.
- Thorén, Petra. "SM-pokalen ska skrotas". aftonbladet.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2011-01-03.
- "Tar kameran – med våld" (in Swedish). 2008-04-26. Retrieved 2008-05-06.
- "Nytt tv-avtal för allsvenskan". svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "Guld, stort silver, litet silver och brons?". svenskfotboll.se (The Swedish Football Association). Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "Svenska mästare 1896–1925, 1931–" [Swedish champions 1896–1925, 1931–]. svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "Nu finns årets matchställ i MFF Shopen". mff.se (in Swedish). Malmö FF. 10 January 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- Lindahl, Jimmy. "Allsvenska maratontabellen 1924/25-2009". Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
- "Elitdomare i herrfotboll". svenskfotboll.se. Retrieved 23 February 2013..
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fotbollsallsvenskan.|