Allsvenskan

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Allsvenskan
Allsvenskan.svg
Country  Sweden
Confederation UEFA
Founded 13 January 1924
Number of teams 16
Levels on pyramid 1
Relegation to Superettan
Domestic cup(s) Svenska Cupen
International cup(s) UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions Malmö FF
(2013)
Most championships Malmö FF (20 titles)
TV partners TV4 Group
Website Allsvenskan
2014 Allsvenskan

Allsvenskan (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈalː.ˈsvɛnːskan]; English: The All-Swedish, also known as Fotbollsallsvenskan) is a Swedish professional league for association football clubs. It was founded in 1924, and is the top flight of the Swedish football league system, operating on a system of promotion and relegation with Superettan. Seasons run from late March or early April to beginning of November, with the 16 clubs all meeting each other twice, resulting in a 30-match season, for a total of 240 matches league-wide.

Allsvenskan is ranked 23rd in the UEFA coefficients of leagues based on performances in European competitions over the last five years, just ahead of the Scottish Premier League and below the Croatian Prva HNL. The current champions are Malmö FF, who won the title in the 2013 season.

Including the 2013 season, Allsvenskan has been running for an unbroken streak of 88 seasons, which amongst national-level football leagues is the third longest such streak in the world, beaten only by Switzerland and Argentina.[citation needed]

European achievements by Allsvenskan teams[edit]

Malmö FF were runners up in the 1978–79 European Cup, after a 1–0 defeat against Nottingham Forest F.C.. IFK Göteborg won the UEFA Cup twice, in 1981–82 (defeating Hamburg SV in the finals) and 1986–87 (defeating Dundee United F.C. in the finals).[citation needed]

Status[edit]

The champions of the Allsvenskan are considered Swedish Champions and gold medal winners. The winners of Allsvenskan between 1924 and 1930 were only considered league and gold medal winners. The same is true for the years 1982 through 1990 when the champions were decided through play-offs and 1991–1992 when the champions were decided through a continuation league called Mästerskapsserien.

The competition[edit]

There are 16 clubs in Allsvenskan, increased in 2008 from previous years' 14 participants. During the course of a season (starting in March and ending in November) each club plays the others twice (home and away) for a total of 30 games. The two lowest placed teams at the end of the season are relegated to Superettan and the top two teams from Superettan are promoted in their place. The third lowest team in Allsvenskan plays a relegation/promotion play-off against the third placed team in Superettan.

The winners of Allsvenskan qualify for the UEFA Champions League, the runner-up together with the third placed team in the table qualify for the UEFA Europa League as well as the team who wins the Svenska Cupen.

Trophy[edit]

The current trophy awarded to the Swedish champions is the Lennart Johanssons Pokal. Created in 2001, the trophy is named after former UEFA chairman, Lennart Johansson. A different trophy that was named after Clarence von Rosen had previously been used between 1903 and 2000, but was replaced after journalists discovered that von Rosen had been a nazi sympathiser.[1]

Television[edit]

The Swiss corporation Kentaro has owned the TV rights for Allsvenskan since 2006.[2] Through licence agreements with the media company TV4 Group matches are aired through C More Entertainment who broadcasts them on their C More Sport and C More Live channels. Matches can also be bought through the online pay-per-view service C SPORTS. The current license agreement is valid to 2019.[3]

Clubs[edit]

A total of 61 clubs have played in Allsvenskan from its inception in 1924 up to and including the 2013 season, Falkenbergs FF will be the 62nd club for the 2014 season. No club have been a member of the league for every season since its inception, AIK are the club to have participated in most seasons with a record of 85 seasons played out of 89 seasons in total.

The following 16 clubs are competing in Allsvenskan during the 2014 season.

Club
Position
in 2013
First season Number of seasons First season of
current spell
Titles Last title
AIK 2nd 1924–25 85 2006 5 2009
BK Häcken 10th 1983 13 2009 0 N/A
Djurgårdens IF 7th 1927–28 58 2001 7 2005
Falkenbergs FF 1st in Superettan 2014 0 2014 0 N/A
Gefle IF 12th 1933–34 13 2005 0 N/A
Halmstads BK 14th 1933–34 51 2013 4 2000
Helsingborgs IF 5th 1924–25 63 1993 7 2011
IF Brommapojkarna 13th 2007 4 2013 0 N/A
IF Elfsborg 6th 1926–27 70 1997 6 2012
IFK Göteborg 3rd 1924–25 81 1977 13 2007
IFK Norrköping 9th 1924–25 73 2011 12 1992
Kalmar FF 4th 1949–50 26 2004 1 2008
Malmö FF 1st 1931–32 78 2001 20 2013
Mjällby AIF 11th 1980 7 2010 0 N/A
Åtvidabergs FF 8th 1968 18 2012 2 1973
Örebro SK 2nd in Superettan 1946–47 45 2014 0 N/A

Stadia and locations[edit]

Club Location Stadium Capacity
AIK Stockholm Friends Arena 54,000
BK Häcken Gothenburg Gamla Ullevi 18,900
Djurgårdens IF Stockholm Tele2 Arena 30,001
Falkenbergs FF Falkenberg Falkenbergs IP 4,000
Gefle IF Gävle Strömvallen 7,200
Halmstads BK Halmstad Örjans Vall 15,500
Helsingborgs IF Helsingborg Olympia 16,500
IF Brommapojkarna Stockholm Grimsta IP 8,000
IF Elfsborg Borås Borås Arena 16,899
IFK Göteborg Gothenburg Gamla Ullevi 18,900
IFK Norrköping Norrköping Idrottsparken 17,234
Kalmar FF Kalmar Guldfågeln Arena 12,182
Malmö FF Malmö Swedbank Stadion 24,000
Mjällby AIF Mjällby Strandvallen 7,500
Åtvidabergs FF Åtvidaberg Kopparvallen 8,000
Örebro SK Örebro Behrn Arena 13,129
Tele2 Arena in Stockholm.

Managers[edit]

Åge Hareide, manager of the reigning champions Malmö FF is the only foreign manager in the league.

The current managers in Allsvenskan are:

Name Club Appointed
Sweden Gerhardsson, PeterPeter Gerhardsson BK Häcken 20 November 2008
Sweden Andersson, JanneJanne Andersson IFK Norrköping 1 December 2010
Sweden Alm, AndreasAndreas Alm AIK 16 December 2010
Sweden Gustafsson, JensJens Gustafsson Halmstads BK 5 July 2011
Sweden Stahre, MikaelMikael Stahre IFK Göteborg 1 November 2011
Sweden Ljung, Per-OlaPer-Ola Ljung Örebro SK 8 June 2012
Sweden Swärdh, PeterPeter Swärdh Åtvidabergs FF 5 November 2012
Sweden Hansen, RoarRoar Hansen Helsingborgs IF 3 December 2012
Sweden Ingesson, KlasKlas Ingesson IF Elfsborg 30 September 2013
Sweden Jacobsson, LarsLars Jacobsson Mjällby AIF 16 October 2013
Sweden Eklund, HansHans Eklund Kalmar FF 4 November 2013
Sweden Olsson, PerPer Olsson Djurgårdens IF 20 November 2013
Sweden Larsson, HenrikHenrik Larsson Falkenbergs FF 4 December 2013
Sweden Billborn, StefanStefan Billborn IF Brommapojkarna 6 December 2013
Sweden Sandberg, RogerRoger Sandberg Gefle IF 10 December 2013
Norway Hareide, ÅgeÅge Hareide Malmö FF 9 January 2014

Previous winners[edit]

Key
0000000000 Season when the league didn't decide the Swedish champions
0000000000 Season when Swedish champions wasn't awarded at all

Historical format[edit]

From (season) To (season) Number of teams Rounds Season start Season End Play off type Sequence(seasons)
1924/25 1956/57 12 22 autumn spring - 32
1957/58 1957/58 12 33 autumn next autumn - 1
1959 1972 12 22 spring autumn - 14
1973 1981 14 26 spring autumn - 9
1982 1983 12 22 spring autumn 8 teams cup 2
1984 1990 12 22 spring autumn 4 teams cup 7
1991 1992 10 18 spring summer 6 teams league 2
1993 2007 14 26 spring autumn - 15
2008 Present 16 30 spring autumn - 6

Performances[edit]

Medal table[edit]

Historically the players and coaching staff from the four best teams in Allsvenskan are awarded medals at the end of each season. The champions are awarded the gold medal while the runners-up receive the "big silver" medal. The third place team gets the "small silver" medal instead of the more commonly used bronze medal which is instead awarded to the fourth place finisher. This tradition of awarding four medals and not three is thought to have to do with the fact that the losers of the Semi-finals of Svenska Mästerskapet were both given bronze medals since no bronze match was played.[4]

The overall medal rank is displayed below after points in descending order. 5 points are awarded for a "gold" medal, 3 points for a "big silver" medal, 2 points for a "small silver" medal and 1 point for a bronze medal. The table that follows is accurate as of the end of the 2013 season.[4]

Rank Club Gold Big Silver Small Silver Bronze Points
1 Malmö FF 20 14 9 8 168
2 IFK Göteborg 13 11 16 9 139
3 IFK Norrköping 12 9 4 7 102
4 AIK 5 12 10 8 89
5 Helsingborgs IF 7 7 9 10 84
6 IF Elfsborg 6 6 6 6 66
7 Djurgårdens IF 7 3 9 3 65
8 GAIS 4 4 4 4 44
9 Östers IF 4 3 3 3 38
10 Örgryte IS 2 2 6 6 34
11 Halmstads BK 4 2 2 2 32
12 Kalmar FF 1 2 2 3 18
13 Åtvidabergs FF 2 2 0 1 17
14 Hammarby IF 1 2 2 2 17
15 Örebro SK 0 2 2 4 14
16 Degerfors IF 0 2 2 2 12
17 IK Sleipner 1 1 1 1 11
18 Landskrona BoIS 0 0 1 3 5 [5][6]
19 Sandvikens IF 0 0 1 3 5
20 BK Häcken 0 1 0 0 3
IFK Malmö 0 1 0 0 3
Jönköpings Södra IF 0 1 0 0 3
Råå IF 0 1 0 0 3
24 Trelleborgs FF 0 0 1 1 3
25 IK Brage 0 0 0 3 3

Honoured clubs[edit]

Clubs in European football are commonly honoured for winning multiple league titles and a representative golden star is sometimes placed above the club badge to indicate the club having won 10 league titles. In Sweden the star instead symbolizes 10 Swedish championship titles for the majority of the clubs as the league winner has not always been awarded the title of Swedish champions.[A] Stars for Allsvenskan clubs was not common practise until 2006, although AIK had already introduced a star to their kit in 2000. IFK Göteborg, Malmö FF, IFK Norrköping, Örgryte IS and Djurgårdens IF were the first teams after AIK to introduce their stars. No new club has introduced a star since 2006, the clubs closest to their first are IF Elfsborg with 6 Swedish championship titles and Helsingborgs IF with 7 Allsvenskan titles depending on what the star symbolizes. The following table is ordered after number of stars followed by number of Swedish championship titles and then the number of Allsvenskan titles.

Statistics updated as of the end of the 2013 season
Club Swedish championship titles Allsvenskan titles Stars Introduced Stars symbolizes
Malmö FF 17 20 Star full.svgStar full.svg 2006 Number of Allsvenskan titles[8]
IFK Göteborg 18 13 Star full.svg 2006 Number of Swedish championship titles
IFK Norrköping 12 12 Star full.svg 2006 Number of Swedish championship titles
Örgryte IS 12 2 Star full.svg 2006 Number of Swedish championship titles
Djurgårdens IF 11 7 Star full.svg 2006 Number of Swedish championship titles
AIK 11 5 Star full.svg 2000 Number of Swedish championship titles

Cities[edit]

Locations of the cities who have won the league
Town or city League wins Clubs
Malmö
20
Malmö FF (20)
Gothenburg
19
IFK Göteborg (13), GAIS (4) Örgryte IS (2)
Norrköping
13
IFK Norrköping (12), IK Sleipner (1)
Stockholm
13
Djurgårdens IF (7), AIK (5), Hammarby IF (1)
Helsingborg
7
Helsingborgs IF (7)
Borås
6
IF Elfsborg (6)
Halmstad
4
Halmstads BK (4)
Växjö
4
Östers IF (4)
Åtvidaberg
2
Åtvidabergs FF (2)
Kalmar
1
Kalmar FF (1)

All-time Allsvenskan table[edit]

The all-time Allsvenskan table, "maratontabellen" in Swedish, is a cumulative record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Allsvenskan since its inception in 1924–25. It uses three points for a win even though this system was not introduced until the 1990 season. The matches played in the championship play-offs between 1982 and 1990 or the matches played in Mästerskapsserien in 1991 and 1992 are not included. The table that follows is accurate as of the end of the 2013 season.[9]

Malmö FF are the current leaders, having had the lead since the end of the 2012 season when they overtook the lead from IFK Göteborg. IFK Göteborg are the club to have spent most seasons in the top spot with 48 seasons as leaders with a record of the most consecutive seasons as leaders with 35 seasons between 1938 and 1972. Six clubs have been in the lead, the lead having changed among them ten times since 1925. The former leader with the lowest current ranking in the table is GAIS, currently placing 9th and 1522 points short of Malmö FF.

Attendance[edit]

Attendance year-by-year
Year Spectators per match
2004
9,768
2005
8,652
2006
9,423
2007
10,258
2008
7,787
2009
7,953
2010
6,518
2011
7,326
2012
7,210
2013
7,627

Most attendance records for Allsvenskan were set in the 1959 season, coincidentally the first season that the league switched from a fall–spring format to a spring–fall format. 1959 saw records for highest attendance at a match (52,194 at an Örgryte win over IFK Göteborg at Ullevi), highest average home attendance for a club (25,520 for Örgryte's 11 home matches), and the highest ever average attendance for Allsvenskan as a whole (13,369).

AIK has had the league's highest attendance for the season more often than any other club, followed by IFK Göteborg and Örgryte. Other teams that have for at least one season had the best attendance in the league include Helsingborg, Malmö FF, Djurgården, GAIS, Hammarby, Örebro SK, and Öster.

Referees[edit]

Allsvenskan has 22 active referees that are available for matches as of the 2014 season. Currently there are seven fully certified international FIFA referees in Allsvenskan. There are also a further ten referees who are certified by the Swedish Football Association who have refereed matches in Allsvenskan. Markus Strömbergsson is the only as of now active referee who has been a FIFA certified referee (2006–2012) but who is now active only as a referee certified by the Swedish Football Association. A further five referees certified by the Swedish Football Association are available to referee Allsvenskan matches but have not done so as of 2014.[13]

FIFA certified referees[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The title of "Swedish Champions" has been awarded to the winner of four different competitions over the years. Between 1896 and 1925 the title was awarded to the winner of Svenska Mästerskapet, a stand-alone cup tournament. No club were given the title between 1926 and 1930 even though the first-tier league Allsvenskan was played. In 1931 the title was reinstated and awarded to the winner of Allsvenskan. Between 1982 and 1990 a play-off in cup format was held at the end of the league season to decide the champions. After the play-off format in 1991 and 1992 the title was decided by the winner of Mästerskapsserien, an additional league after the end of Allsvenskan. Since the 1993 season the title has once again been awarded to the winner of Allsvenskan.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Thorén, Petra. "SM-pokalen ska skrotas". aftonbladet.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2011-01-03. 
  2. ^ "Tar kameran – med våld" (in Swedish). 2008-04-26. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 
  3. ^ "Nytt tv-avtal för allsvenskan". svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Guld, stort silver, litet silver och brons?". svenskfotboll.se (The Swedish Football Association). Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  5. ^ http://www.hif.se/StandardPage.aspx?id=899bdb35-7ce0-4806-8f57-d5d07273ac7b
  6. ^ http://www.aik.se/fotboll/statistik/matches.php?seasonid=14
  7. ^ "Svenska mästare 1896–1925, 1931–" [Swedish champions 1896–1925, 1931–]. svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Nu finns årets matchställ i MFF Shopen". mff.se (in Swedish). Malmö FF. 10 January 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  9. ^ Lindahl, Jimmy. "Allsvenska maratontabellen 1924/25-2009". Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 2009-12-13. 
  10. ^ Hammarby IF were deducted three points in 2006.
  11. ^ Ljungskile SK were known as Panos Ljungskile SK during the season of 1997.
  12. ^ IFK Holmsund played in Allsvenskan in 1967. The team went into bankruptcy in 1990.
  13. ^ "Elitdomare i herrfotboll". svenskfotboll.se. Retrieved 23 February 2013. .

External links[edit]