|Founded||13 January 1924|
|Number of teams||16|
|Levels on pyramid||1|
|Domestic cup(s)||Svenska Cupen|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
|Current champions||Malmö FF
|Most championships||Malmö FF (20 titles)|
|TV partners||TV4 Group|
|Allsvenskan (Tier 1)|
|Superettan (Tier 2)|
|Division 1 (Tier 3)|
|Division 2 (Tier 4)|
|Division 3 (Tier 5)|
|Division 4 (Tier 6)|
|Division 5 (Tier 7)|
|Division 6 (Tier 8)|
|Division 7 (Tier 9)|
|Division 8 (Tier 10)|
Allsvenskan (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈalː.ˈsvɛnːskan]; English: The All-Swedish; also known as Fotbollsallsvenskan) is a Swedish professional league for association football clubs. At the top of the Swedish football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. Contested by 16 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Superettan. Seasons run from April to November, with teams playing 30 matches each, totalling 240 matches in the season.
The league was created in 1924. Before that, the top league in Sweden was called Svenska Serien. The winner is awarded Lennart Johanssons Pokal. It is ranked 23rd in the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) coefficients of leagues based on performances in European competitions over the last five years, just ahead of the Scottish Premier League and below the Croatian Prva HNL. The current champions are Malmö FF, who won the title in the 2013 season.
- 1 Status
- 2 The competition
- 3 Trophy
- 4 Television
- 5 Clubs
- 6 Stadia and locations
- 7 Managers
- 8 Previous winners
- 9 Performances
- 10 All-time Allsvenskan table
- 11 Attendance
- 12 Referees
- 13 See also
- 14 Footnotes
- 15 Notes
- 16 External links
The champions of the Allsvenskan are considered Swedish Champions. The winners of Allsvenskan between 1924 and 1930 were only considered league winners. The same is true for the years 1982 through 1990 when the champions were decided through play-offs and 1991–1992 when the champions were decided through a continuation league called Mästerskapsserien.
There are 16 clubs in Allsvenskan, increased in 2008 from previous years' 14 participants. During the course of a season (starting in March and ending in November) each club plays the others twice (home and away) for a total of 30 games. The two lowest placed teams at the end of the season are relegated to Superettan and the top two teams from Superettan are promoted in their place. The third lowest team in Allsvenskan plays a relegation/promotion play-off against the third placed team in Superettan.
The winners of Allsvenskan qualify for the UEFA Champions League, the runner-up together with the third placed team in the table qualify for the UEFA Europa League as well as the team who wins the Svenska Cupen.
The current trophy awarded to the Swedish champions is the Lennart Johanssons Pokal. Created in 2001, the trophy is named after former UEFA chairman, Lennart Johansson. A different trophy that was named after Clarence von Rosen had previously been used between 1903 and 2000, but was replaced after journalists discovered that von Rosen had been a nazi sympathiser.
The Swiss corporation Kentaro has owned the TV rights for Allsvenskan since 2006. Through licence agreements with the media company TV4 Group matches are aired through C More Entertainment who broadcasts them on their C More Sport and C More Live channels. Matches can also be bought through the online pay-per-view service C SPORTS. The current license agreement is valid to 2019.
A total of 61 clubs have played in Allsvenskan from its inception in 1924 up to and including the 2013 season, Falkenbergs FF will be the 62nd club for the 2014 season. No club have been a member of the league for every season since its inception, AIK are the club to have participated in most seasons with a record of 85 seasons played out of 89 seasons in total.
The following 16 clubs are competing in Allsvenskan during the 2014 season.
|First season||Number of seasons||First season of
|Falkenbergs FF||1st in Superettan||2014||0||2014||0||N/A|
|Örebro SK||2nd in Superettan||1946–47||45||2014||0||N/A|
Stadia and locations
|BK Häcken||Gothenburg||Gamla Ullevi||18,900|
|Djurgårdens IF||Stockholm||Tele2 Arena||30,001|
|Falkenbergs FF||Falkenberg||Falkenbergs IP||4,000|
|Halmstads BK||Halmstad||Örjans Vall||15,500|
|IF Brommapojkarna||Stockholm||Grimsta IP||8,000|
|IF Elfsborg||Borås||Borås Arena||16,899|
|IFK Göteborg||Gothenburg||Gamla Ullevi||18,900|
|Kalmar FF||Kalmar||Guldfågeln Arena||12,182|
|Malmö FF||Malmö||Swedbank Stadion||24,000|
|Örebro SK||Örebro||Behrn Arena||13,129|
The current managers in Allsvenskan are:
|Gerhardsson, PeterPeter Gerhardsson||BK Häcken||20 November 2008|
|Andersson, JanneJanne Andersson||IFK Norrköping||1 December 2010|
|Alm, AndreasAndreas Alm||AIK||16 December 2010|
|Gustafsson, JensJens Gustafsson||Halmstads BK||5 July 2011|
|Stahre, MikaelMikael Stahre||IFK Göteborg||1 November 2011|
|Ljung, Per-OlaPer-Ola Ljung||Örebro SK||8 June 2012|
|Swärdh, PeterPeter Swärdh||Åtvidabergs FF||5 November 2012|
|Hansen, RoarRoar Hansen||Helsingborgs IF||3 December 2012|
|Ingesson, KlasKlas Ingesson||IF Elfsborg||30 September 2013|
|Jacobsson, LarsLars Jacobsson||Mjällby AIF||16 October 2013|
|Eklund, HansHans Eklund||Kalmar FF||4 November 2013|
|Olsson, PerPer Olsson||Djurgårdens IF||20 November 2013|
|Larsson, HenrikHenrik Larsson||Falkenbergs FF||4 December 2013|
|Stefan Billborn||IF Brommapojkarna||6 December 2013|
|Sandberg, RogerRoger Sandberg||Gefle IF||10 December 2013|
|Hareide, ÅgeÅge Hareide||Malmö FF||9 January 2014|
|Season when the league didn't decide the Swedish champions|
Historically the players and coaching staff from the four best teams in Allsvenskan are awarded medals at the end of each season. The champions are awarded the gold medal while the runners-up receive the "big silver" medal. The third place team gets the "small silver" medal instead of the more commonly used bronze medal which is instead awarded to the fourth place finisher. This tradition of awarding four medals and not three is thought to have to do with the fact that the losers of the Semi-finals of Svenska Mästerskapet were both given bronze medals since no bronze match was played.
The overall medal rank is displayed below after points in descending order. 5 points are awarded for a "gold" medal, 3 points for a "big silver" medal, 2 points for a "small silver" medal and 1 point for a bronze medal. The table that follows is accurate as of the end of the 2013 season.
|Rank||Club||Gold||Big Silver||Small Silver||Bronze||Points|
|Jönköpings Södra IF||0||1||0||0||3|
Clubs in European football are commonly honoured for winning multiple league titles and a representative golden star is sometimes placed above the club badge to indicate the club having won 10 league titles. In Sweden the star instead symbolizes 10 Swedish championship titles for the majority of the clubs as the league winner has not always been awarded the title of Swedish champions.[A] Stars for Allsvenskan clubs was not common practise until 2006, although AIK had already introduced a star to their kit in 2000. IFK Göteborg, Malmö FF, IFK Norrköping, Örgryte IS and Djurgårdens IF were the first teams after AIK to introduce their stars. No new club has introduced a star since 2006, the clubs closest to their first are IF Elfsborg with 6 Swedish championship titles and Helsingborgs IF with 7 Allsvenskan titles depending on what the star symbolizes. The following table is ordered after number of stars followed by number of Swedish championship titles and then the number of Allsvenskan titles.
- Statistics updated as of the end of the 2013 season
|Club||Swedish championship titles||Allsvenskan titles||Stars||Introduced||Stars symbolizes|
|Malmö FF||17||20||2006||Number of Allsvenskan titles|
|IFK Göteborg||18||13||2006||Number of Swedish championship titles|
|IFK Norrköping||12||12||2006||Number of Swedish championship titles|
|Örgryte IS||12||2||2006||Number of Swedish championship titles|
|Djurgårdens IF||11||7||2006||Number of Swedish championship titles|
|AIK||11||5||2000||Number of Swedish championship titles|
|Town or city||League wins||Clubs|
||Malmö FF (20)|
||IFK Göteborg (13), GAIS (4) Örgryte IS (2)|
||IFK Norrköping (12), IK Sleipner (1)|
||Djurgårdens IF (7), AIK (5), Hammarby IF (1)|
||Helsingborgs IF (7)|
||IF Elfsborg (6)|
||Halmstads BK (4)|
||Östers IF (4)|
||Åtvidabergs FF (2)|
||Kalmar FF (1)|
All-time Allsvenskan table
The all-time Allsvenskan table, "maratontabellen" in Swedish, is a cumulative record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Allsvenskan since its inception in 1924–25. It uses three points for a win even though this system was not introduced until the 1990 season. The matches played in the championship play-offs between 1982 and 1990 or the matches played in Mästerskapsserien in 1991 and 1992 are not included. The table that follows is accurate as of the end of the 2013 season.
Malmö FF are the current leaders, having had the lead since the end of the 2012 season when they overtook the lead from IFK Göteborg. IFK Göteborg are the club to have spent most seasons in the top spot with 48 seasons as leaders with a record of the most consecutive seasons as leaders with 35 seasons between 1938 and 1972. Six clubs have been in the lead, the lead having changed among them ten times since 1925. The former leader with the lowest current ranking in the table is GAIS, currently placing 9th and 1522 points short of Malmö FF.
|Year||Spectators per match|
Most attendance records for Allsvenskan were set in the 1959 season, coincidently the first season that the league switched from a fall–spring format to a spring–fall format. 1959 saw records for highest attendance at a match (52,194 at an Örgryte win over IFK Göteborg at Ullevi), highest average home attendance for a club (25,520 for Örgryte's 11 home matches), and the highest ever average attendance for Allsvenskan as a whole (13,369).
AIK has had the league's highest attendance for the season more often than any other club, followed by IFK Göteborg and Örgryte. Other teams that have for at least one season had the best attendance in the league include Helsingborg, Malmö FF, Djurgården, GAIS, Hammarby, Örebro SK, and Öster.
Allsvenskan has 22 active referees that are available for matches as of the 2013 season. Currently there are seven fully certified international FIFA referees in Allsvenskan. There are also a further ten referees who are certified by the Swedish Football Association who have refereed matches in Allsvenskan. Markus Strömbergsson is the only as of now active referee who has been a FIFA certified referee (2006–2012) but who is now active only as a referee certified by the Swedish Football Association. A further five referees certified by the Swedish Football Association are available to referee Allsvenskan matches but have not done so as of 2013.
FIFA certified referees
- Andreas Ekberg
- Jonas Eriksson
- Martin Hansson
- Stefan Johannesson
- Michael Lerjéus
- Martin Strömbergsson
- Daniel Stålhammar
- Seasons in Swedish football
- List of Allsvenskan top scorers
- Sports attendances
- List of foreign Allsvenskan players
- The title of "Swedish Champions" has been awarded to the winner of four different competitions over the years. Between 1896 and 1925 the title was awarded to the winner of Svenska Mästerskapet, a stand-alone cup tournament. No club were given the title between 1926 and 1930 even though the first-tier league Allsvenskan was played. In 1931 the title was reinstated and awarded to the winner of Allsvenskan. Between 1982 and 1990 a play-off in cup format was held at the end of the league season to decide the champions. After the play-off format in 1991 and 1992 the title was decided by the winner of Mästerskapsserien, an additional league after the end of Allsvenskan. Since the 1993 season the title has once again been awarded to the winner of Allsvenskan.
- Thorén, Petra. "SM-pokalen ska skrotas". aftonbladet.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2011-01-03.
- "Tar kameran – med våld" (in Swedish). 2008-04-26. Retrieved 2008-05-06.
- "Nytt tv-avtal för allsvenskan". svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- "Guld, stort silver, litet silver och brons?". svenskfotboll.se (The Swedish Football Association). Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "Svenska mästare 1896–1925, 1931–" [Swedish champions 1896–1925, 1931–]. svenskfotboll.se (in Swedish). The Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- "Nu finns årets matchställ i MFF Shopen". mff.se (in Swedish). Malmö FF. 10 January 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
- Lindahl, Jimmy. "Allsvenska maratontabellen 1924/25-2009". Swedish Football Association. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
- Hammarby IF were deducted three points in 2006.
- Ljungskile SK were known as Panos Ljungskile SK during the season of 1997.
- IFK Holmsund played in Allsvenskan in 1967. The team went into bankruptcy in 1990.
- "Elitdomare i herrfotboll". svenskfotboll.se. Retrieved 23 February 2013..
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