Alma, Quebec

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Alma
Town
Alma-3.jpg
Coat of arms of Alma
Coat of arms
Motto: La ville de l'hospitalité
Location within Lac-Saint-Jean-Est RCM.
Location within Lac-Saint-Jean-Est RCM.
Alma is located in Lac-Saint-Jean Quebec
Alma
Alma
Location in Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°33′N 71°39′W / 48.550°N 71.650°W / 48.550; -71.650Coordinates: 48°33′N 71°39′W / 48.550°N 71.650°W / 48.550; -71.650[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean
RCM Lac-Saint-Jean-Est
Amalgamation 1962 (of Isle-Maligne, Naudville, Riverbend and St-Joseph d'Alma.)
Constituted February 21, 2001 (amalgamation with Delisle)
Government[2]
 • Mayor Marc Asselin
 • Federal riding Jonquière—Alma
 • Prov. riding Lac-Saint-Jean
Area[2][3]
 • Town 230.30 km2 (88.92 sq mi)
 • Land 195.59 km2 (75.52 sq mi)
 • Urban[4] 41.10 km2 (15.87 sq mi)
 • Metro[5] 340.35 km2 (131.41 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Town 30,904
 • Density 158.0/km2 (409/sq mi)
 • Urban[4] 26,016
 • Urban density 633.0/km2 (1,639/sq mi)
 • Metro[5] 33,018
 • Metro density 97.0/km2 (251/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 3.0%
 • Dwellings 13,884
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G8B, G8C
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways Route 169
Route 170
Route 172
Telephone Exchanges 212, 321, 480-2, 487, 662, 668-9, 719, 720, 769
GNBC Code EFHQD
NTS Map 022D12
Website www.ville.alma.qc.ca

Alma (2011 Town population: 30,904; CA Population 33,018; UA Population 26,016) is a town in the Canadian province of Quebec.

Geography[edit]

Alma is located on the southeast coast of Lac Saint-Jean where it flows into the Saguenay River, in the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec, Canada, approximately 175 km north of Quebec City. Alma is the seat of Lac-Saint-Jean-Est Regional County Municipality.

Alma is the seat of the judicial district of Alma.[6]

History[edit]

The present town of Alma was formed in 1962 from the merging of four villages: Isle-Maligne, Naudville, Riverbend and St-Joseph d'Alma. The oldest of the villages, St-Joseph-d'Alma, was founded in 1867 by Damase Boulanger. The area became an important industrial center during the 1920s and 1930s with the construction of a hydro-electrical dam on the Grande-Décharge River, a paper mill (Price) and an aluminum smelting plant (Alcan), all of which are still in activity today.

In 2002, Alma merged with the Municipality of Delisle.

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2011: 30,904 (2006 to 2011 population change: 3%)
  • Population in 2006: 29,998
  • Population total in 2001: 30,126
    • Alma (ville): 25,918
    • Delisle (municipality): 4,208
  • Population in 1996:
    • Alma (ville): 26,127
    • Delisle (municipality): 4,256
  • Population in 1991:
    • Alma (ville): 25,910
    • Delisle (municipality): 4,281

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 13324 (total dwellings: 13884)

Mother tongue:[8]

  • English as first language: 0.5%
  • French as first language: 98.5%
  • English and French as first language: 0.1%
  • Other as first language: 0.9%
Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population  % of total population
White 29,025 97.7%
Visible minority group
Source:[9]
South Asian 0 0%
Chinese 45 0.2%
Black 40 0.1%
Filipino 0 0%
Latin American 20 0.1%
Arab 15 0.1%
Southeast Asian 60 0.2%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 0 0%
Japanese 10 0%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 0 0%
Multiple visible minority 0 0%
Total visible minority population 200 0.7%
Aboriginal group
Source:[10]
First Nations 125 0.4%
Métis 335 1.1%
Inuit 0 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 10 0%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 480 1.6%
Total population 29,705 100%

Image gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Émilie Fortin Tremblay (1872-1949), one of the first white women to cross the Chilkoot on the way to the Yukon gold fields

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 1013 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Alma
  3. ^ a b "Alma census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-24. 
  4. ^ a b "Alma (Population centre) community profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-24. 
  5. ^ a b "Alma (Census agglomeration) community profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-05-24.  The census agglomeration consists of Alma and Saint-Nazaire. In the 2006 census, the census agglomeration had also included Saint-Henri-de-Taillon.
  6. ^ Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ "Alma community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-11-10. 
  9. ^ [1], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  10. ^ [2], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision

External links[edit]

Media related to Alma, Québec at Wikimedia Commons