The lake is located 60 kilometres (37 mi) north of Gonbad-e Qabus. The population of catfish (Silurus glanis) in the lake has drastically decreased because of increasing population growth among the villagers. The biggest catfish caught in the lake was reported to be around 30 kilograms (66 lb).
Alma Gol is a winter habitat for migratory birds. In 1975, the Alma Gol Lake and nearby Ala Gol and Aji Gol Lakes were designated as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.