Alma Massacre

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Alma Massacre
Location Alma, New Mexico
Date April 28, 1880
Attack type
Mass murder
Deaths 41
Perpetrator Apache warriors

The Alma Massacre involved an April 28, 1880 Chiricahua Apache raid on United States settlers' homes around Alma, New Mexico Territory. At least 41 people were killed during the raid.

Details[edit]

The Chiricahua Apache raiding party was led by Victorio during his 1879–1880 guerrilla action. The party first attacked a silver mine near the present day town of Cooney in the Mogollon Mountains on April 28, 1880. At the mine camp they killed three. They then caught up to a fleeing party of three—which included Sergeant Cooney—and killed them all. Following the initial attack, the Apaches went on to kill 35 (mainly sheepherders and their families) in the area. Victorio and his men left the region when U.S. Army troops from Fort Bayard arrived.[1]

Memorials[edit]

There have been two memorials erected to commemorate the events. Sergeant Cooney's brother and others dynamited out a rock tomb where they buried him.[1] In April 1980, Dave Foreman and Earth First! erected a monument in the Gila Wilderness to honor Victorio's defense of the mountains, crediting the memorial to the non-existent "New Mexico Patriotic Heritage Society."[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (nd) "The 'Alma Massacre' at Alma, New Mexico" from the WPA Writers Project, archived 7 October 2008 by Internet Archive
  2. ^ Wall, D. (1999) Earth First! and the Anti-roads Movement: Radical Environmental Movements and Comparative Social Movements; (at Google Books); Routledge; London; pp. 43-44; ISBN 978-0-415-19063-3; citing Manes, Christopher (1990) Green Rage: Radical Environmentalism and the Unmaking of Civilization; Little, Brown and Company; Boston, Massachusetts; page 73; ISBN 0-316-54513-9; accessed ???.