Aereal view of Almada city with the famous Sanctuary of Christ the King
|Official name: Concelho de Almada|
|Sub-region||Península de Setúbal|
|- elevation||50 m (164 ft)|
|Lowest point||Sea level|
|- location||Atlantic Ocean|
|- elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|Area||70.2 km2 (27 sq mi)|
|Density||2,479 / km2 (6,421 / sq mi)|
|- location||Largo Luís de Camões|
|President||Joaquim Estêvão Miguel Judas (CDU)|
|Municipal Chair||José Manuel Maia Nunes de Almeida (CDU)|
|- summer (DST)||WEST (UTC+1)|
|Area Code & Prefix||(+351) 21 XXX-XXXX|
|Patron Saint||São João Baptista|
|Municipal Holidays||24 June|
Location of the municipality of Almada in Portugal
|Wikimedia Commons: Almada|
Almada (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐɫˈmaðɐ]) is a city and a municipality in Portugal, covering an area of 70.2 km² located on the southern margin of the Tagus River. Its municipal population in 2008 was 164,844 inhabitants; the urbanized center had a population of 101,500 in 2001.
Human presence in the area of Almada dates back to the end of the Neolithic, approximately 5000 years ago; archeological interventions performed in the municipality suggest that nomadic tribes may have existed, they were sporadic and non-sedentary.
The initial structure of primitive human settlement, had its greatest advance with the Islamic civilization, when Muslims selected Almada to construct a fort in order to defend and monitor the entrance to the Tagus River. Across from Lisbon, the area of Almada was a crossroads of many peoples (Phoenicians, Roman and Muslim) who traded and mixed along the Tagus.
As one of the principal Arab military bases along the southern margin of the Tagus River, it was conquered by the Christian forces of D. Afonso Henriques, with the aid of English Crusaders in 1147. Alongside these Christians there lived many free Moors and Jews, under Royal protection guaranteed them by D. Afonso Henriques in a Charter 1170 (and which was attributed to all the former-Moorish strongholds around Lisbon, Almada, Palmela and Alcácer alone).
Almada received a foral from King Sancho I in 1190. But, this came at a price: Miramolim Jacub-Abu-Jassuf, son of the Moorish leader that had laid siege on Santarém in 1171, and angered by the Christian victories, gathered a large army and boldly attacked into the north conquering Alcácer do Sal and Silves, while forcing the residents of Almada, Palmela and other towns along the River into hiding. It would be some time after the death of Sancho, before the area across the Tagus would be restored to Portuguese control.
When it did, the Order of Santiago, donatorio of Almada after 28 October 1186, had an important role in the territory (and especially between the Tagus and Sado Rivers). In their role, it facilitated the re-population of acquired territories, and economically, were the beneficiaries of various local economies.
Although small, Almada is densely populated, and limited to the east by Seixal, south by Sesimbra, and bordered on the remaining cardinal directions by the Atlantic Ocean and the Tagus river. At Cacilhas, the main port, ferry boats transport visitors and local residents across to Lisbon daily, while the 25 de Abril Bridge which spans the Tagus is routinely traversed by rail, commercial and personal vehicles daily; Almada is considered a transportation hub and a fast-growing suburb. Almada's coasts are punctuated by several sandy beaches and panoramic vistas.
- Almada, Cova da Piedade, Pragal e Cacilhas
- Caparica e Trafaria
- Charneca de Caparica e Sobreda
- Costa da Caparica
- Laranjeiro e Feijó
Almada is twinned with:
The 25 de Abril Bridge links Lisbon and Almada, which are on opposite sides of the Tagus river. The municipality is being served by a light-rail transit system, the Metro Transportes do Sul, that continues to be expanded, linking it to the suburban rail system serving Greater Lisbon and the municipality of Seixal.
Sanctuary of Christ the King
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- City parishes: Almada, Cova da Piedade, Pragal e Cacilhas and Laranjeiro e Feijó. UMA POPULAÇÃO QUE SE URBANIZA, Uma avaliação recente - Cidades, 2004 Nuno Pires Soares, Instituto Geográfico Português (Geographic Institute of Portugal)
- John Felix Pereira (2009), p.31
- Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 10" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Pereira, John Felix (2009). Abridgement of the History of Portugal. Charleston, South Carolina: BiblioLife LLC. ISBN 978-1-110-33521-3.
- Portal de Almada - Eventos, Classificados, Notícias, Empresas
- Photos from Almada
- Almada Atlético Clube