Almada Municipality

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Coordinates: 38°40′49″N 9°9′30″W / 38.68028°N 9.15833°W / 38.68028; -9.15833
Almada
Municipality (Concelho)
Almada Cristo Rei.jpg
Aereal view of Almada city with the famous Sanctuary of Christ the King
Flag
Coat of arms
Official name: Concelho de Almada
Country  Portugal
Region Lisboa
Sub-region Península de Setúbal
District Setúbal
Municipality Almada
Civil Parishes Almada, Cova da Piedade, Pragal e Cacilhas, Caparica e Trafaria, Charneca de Caparica e Sobreda, Costa da Caparica, Laranjeiro e Feijó
Center Almada
 - elevation 50 m (164 ft)
 - coordinates 38°40′49″N 9°9′30″W / 38.68028°N 9.15833°W / 38.68028; -9.15833
Lowest point Sea level
 - location Atlantic Ocean
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Area 70.2 km2 (27 sq mi)
Population 174,030 (2011)
Density 2,479 / km2 (6,421 / sq mi)
LAU Câmara Municipal
 - location Largo Luís de Camões
President Joaquim Estêvão Miguel Judas (CDU)
Municipal Chair José Manuel Maia Nunes de Almeida (CDU)
Timezone WET (UTC0)
 - summer (DST) WEST (UTC0)
Postal Zone 2805-101
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 21 XXX-XXXX
Demonym Almadense
Patron Saint São João Baptista
Municipal Holidays 24 June
Location of the municipality of Almada in Portugal
Wikimedia Commons: Almada
Website: http://www.m-almada.pt

Almada (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐɫˈmaðɐ]) is a municipality in Portugal, covering an area of 70.2 km² located on the southern margin of the Tagus River. Its municipal population in 2008 was 164,844 inhabitants; the urbanized center had a population of 102,357.[1]

The seat is the city of Almada.

History[edit]

Human presence in the area of Almada dates back to the end of the Neolithic, approximately 5000 years ago; archeological interventions performed in the municipality suggest that nomadic tribes may have existed, they were sporadic and non-sedentary.

The initial structure of primitive human settlement, had its greatest advance with the Islamic civilization, when Muslims selected Almada to construct a fort in order to defend and monitor the entrance to the Tagus River. Across from Lisbon, the area of Almada was a crossroads of many peoples (Phoenicians, Roman and Muslim) who traded and mixed along the Tagus.

As one of the principal Arab military bases along the southern margin of the Tagus River, it was conquered by the Christian forces of D. Afonso Henriques, with the aid of English Crusaders in 1147. Alongside these Christians there lived many free Moors and Jews, under Royal protection guaranteed them by D. Afonso Henriques in a Charter 1170 (and which was attributed to all the former-Moorish strongholds around Lisbon, Almada, Palmela and Alcácer alone).

Almada received a foral from King Sancho I in 1190. But, this came at a price: Miramolim Jacub-Abu-Jassuf, son of the Moorish leader that had laid siege on Santarém in 1171, and angered by the Christian victories, gathered a large army and boldly attacked into the north conquering Alcácer do Sal and Silves, while forcing the residents of Almada, Palmela and other towns along the River into hiding.[2] It would be some time after the death of Sancho, before the area across the Tagus would be restored to Portuguese control.

When it did, the Order of Santiago, donatorio of Almada afte 28 October 1186, had an important role in the territory (and especially between the Tagus and Sado Rivers). In their role, it facilitated the re-population of acquired territories, and economically, were the beneficiaries of various local economies.

Geography[edit]

Almada seen from Lisbon

Although small, Almada is densely populated, and limited to the east by Seixal, south by Sesimbra, and bordered on the remaining cardinal directions by the Atlantic Ocean and the Tagus river. At Cacilhas, the main port, ferry boats transport visitors and local residents across to Lisbon daily, while the 25 de Abril Bridge which spans the Tagus is routinely traversed by rail, commercial and personal vehicles daily; Almada is considered a transportation hub and a fast-growing suburb. Almada's coasts are punctuated by several sandy beaches and panoramic vistas.

Located in the district of Setúbal, the municipality includes two cities (Almada and Costa da Caparica), and is divided into five civil parishes:[3]

The city of Almada is the municipal seat.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns - Sister cities[edit]

Almada is twinned with:

Transportation[edit]

The 25 de Abril Bridge links Lisbon and Almada, which are on opposite sides of the Tagus river. The municipality is being served by a light-rail transit system, the Metro Transportes do Sul, that continues to be expanded, linking it to the suburban rail system serving Greater Lisbon and the municipality of Seixal.

Sanctuary of Christ the King[edit]

Notable citizens[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ City parishes: Almada, Cacilhas, Cova da Piedade, Feijo, Laranjeiro, Pragal. UMA POPULAÇÃO QUE SE URBANIZA, Uma avaliação recente - Cidades, 2004 Nuno Pires Soares, Instituto Geográfico Português (Geographic Institute of Portugal)
  2. ^ John Felix Pereira (2009), p.31
  3. ^ Diário de Notícias newspaper. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 10" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
Sources
  • Pereira, John Felix (2009). Abridgement of the History of Portugal. Charleston, South Carolina: BiblioLife LLC. ISBN 978-1-110-33521-3. 

External links[edit]