Almami (Also: Almamy, Almani, Almany) is a title of West African Muslim rulers, used especially in the conquest states of the 19th century. It is a contraction of Amir al-Mu'minin (Arabic أمير المؤمنين), usually translated "Commander of the Faithful" or "Emperor of the Believers". In the Arabic world, Amir al-Mu'minin is similar to Caliphs and to other independent sovereign Muslim rulers that claim legitimacy from a community of Muslims. It has been claimed as the title of rulers in Muslim countries and empires and is still used for some Muslim leaders.
Famous holders of the title
- Ibrahima Sori Yero Poore of the Fulɓe Imamate of Futa Jallon Fulani state.
- Karamokho Alfa of the Imamate of Futa Jallon Fulani state.
- Bokar Biro Barry of the Imamate of Futa Jallon Fulani state.
- Rulers of the Mossi state of Liptako.
- Almany Niamody of the Toucouleur vassal state of Kaarta.
- Samori Ture of the Wassoulou Empire.
- Maba Diakhou Bâ, almamy of Rip in the Saloum region of Senegal.
In recent times the word has become a proper name in some areas of West Africa in honor of the historical figures known by the title. Malian independence leader Almamy Sylla and Guinean football player Almamy Schuman Bah are examples.
- B. A. Ogot(ed). Africa from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century. UNESCO General History of Africa (1999) ISBN 0-85255-095-2