Almelo

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Almelo
Municipality
Almelo city centre
Almelo city centre
Flag of Almelo
Flag
Coat of arms of Almelo
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Almelo in a municipal map of Overijssel
Location in Overijssel
Coordinates: 52°21′N 6°40′E / 52.350°N 6.667°E / 52.350; 6.667Coordinates: 52°21′N 6°40′E / 52.350°N 6.667°E / 52.350; 6.667
Country Netherlands
Province Overijssel
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Jon Hermans-Vloedbeld (VVD)
Area[2]
 • Total 69.41 km2 (26.80 sq mi)
 • Land 67.42 km2 (26.03 sq mi)
 • Water 1.99 km2 (0.77 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 12 m (39 ft)
Population (January 2014)[4]
 • Total 72,435
 • Density 1,074/km2 (2,780/sq mi)
Demonym Almeloër
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 7600–7614, 7627
Area code 0546
Website www.almelo.nl
Topographic map of Almelo, June 2014
The Catholic St. Georgius church in Almelo
Almelo station
Huize Almelo

Almelo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɑlməˌloˑ] ( )) is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands. The main population centres in the town are Aadorp, Almelo, Mariaparochie and Bornerbroek.

Almelo has about 72,000 inhabitants in the middle of the rolling countryside of Twente, with the industrial centres of Enschede and Hengelo as close neighbours but also with tourist towns like Ootmarsum, Delden and Markelo only a bicycle ride away. Almelo received city rights in 1394. Within the city limits lies the castle of the Counts of Almelo.

Located in the city centre is Huize Almelo, a castle that in its current form dates back to 1662 (This castle is not open to the public). There are mosaics which decorate the walls of the tunnel close to the railway station.

The city is also known for its local association football club Heracles Almelo, which plays in the Eredivisie, the highest football league in the Netherlands. The club uses the Polman Stadion.

History[edit]

At the end of the 19th century textile emerged as a major employer and drew many workers to Almelo, at first from within the Netherlands. Since the 1960s workers from Spain and Turkey came to Almelo. The first mosque of the Netherlands was built in Almelo in 1976 for the Turkish population of the city. Almelo also has a sizeable number of Armenians.

In the 1970s the industry dwindled and most factories were relocated to countries with cheaper labour. Some factories remain in the city centre and are now in use for apartments or offices.

Economy[edit]

Currently, a major employer in Almelo is Urenco Nederland. This is a uranium enrichment plant which uses the gas centrifuge method and produces uranium with about five percent U-235, for nuclear reactors. A bakery factory, Bolletje, PANalytical, the Twenteborg hospital and the regional court are also major employers.

Transport[edit]

Almelo has 2 railway stations:

The main station is Almelo and offers links to Hengelo, Enschede, Amersfoort, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Utrecht, Gouda, Rotterdam, The Hague and Zwolle. There is also a train every 2 hours into Germany serving cities such as Osnabrück, Hannover and Berlin.

Sport[edit]

Football[edit]

Heracles Almelo, a professional football club playing in the Eredivisie is based in Almelo.

Cycling[edit]

Almelo organises since 1983 the Profronde van Almelo, an elite men's and women's professional road bicycle racing event.

Notable people born in Almelo[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Almelo is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Portefeuilleverdeling" [Division of tasks] (in Dutch). Gemeente Almelo. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 7607EK". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 

External links[edit]