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Almogía is a town and municipality in the province of Málaga, part of the autonomous community of Andalusia in southern Spain. It is situated approximately 25 km from the city of Málaga, has a population of approximately 4,300 residents and has an economy based on the cultivation of almonds and olives. Positioned within the Montes de Málaga hills, the municipality's highest point is Santi Petri (794m). The district's main watercourses are the River Campanillas and the Arroyos de Cauche and de los Olivos.
History and Name
Almogía's history stretches back to the remote past. Prehistoric cave paintings have been found within the municipality and remains from a Roman presence have also been uncovered in several locations. However, it was not until the Muslim era that the centre of the modern settlement was built around a castle, known locally today as the "Torre de la Vela", of which very little remains.
In the Muslim period the Moors gave it the name Al-Mexia, which is believed either to derive from a Berber clan known as Al-Mexias or to have meant beautiful.
Significant buildings include the 16th century church "Nuestra Señora de la Asunción" and the 17th century "Ermita del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús" (convent). The 17th and 18th century "Ermita de las Tres Cruces" has been restored in recent times and this is where the Fiesta de Verdiales is celebrated at the start of May.
August 15: A fair is held in honor of "Nuestra Señora de la Asunción". February: Carnival. Mid-May: Celebration of the day of "San Isidrio", featuring a procession to the "Dos Herrizas" fairground, where the main festival takes place. Early October: "Almond Day", besides walking round the village, visitors can sample typical local dishes and buy handmade ceramics.
The population census for the year 2005 gave the following results:
Total population: 4,316 inhabitants. Male inhabitants: 2,202 Female inhabitants: 2,114 Rate of population growth: 1.2% Inhabitants under the age of 20: 21.2% Inhabitants between 20 and 65: 61.6% Inhabitants over the age of 65: 17.0%
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