Almorexant

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Almorexant
Almorexant.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(2R)-2-[(1S)- 6,7-dimethoxy- 1-{2-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethyl}- 3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-2(1H)-yl]- N-methyl- 2-phenylacetamide
Clinical data
Legal status
?
Routes Oral
Pharmacokinetic data
Metabolism Hepatic
Identifiers
CAS number 871224-64-5 N
ATC code None
PubChem CID 23727689
ChemSpider 21377865 YesY
UNII 9KCW39P2EI YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL455136 YesY
Chemical data
Formula C29H32ClF3N2O3 
Mol. mass 512.6 g/mol (free base)
 N (what is this?)  (verify)

Almorexant (INN, codenamed ACT-078573) is an orexin antagonist, functioning as a competitive receptor antagonist of the OX1 and OX2 orexin receptors, which was being developed by the pharmaceutical companies Actelion and GSK for the treatment of insomnia. Development of the drug was abandoned in January 2011.[1]

Development[edit]

Originally developed by Actelion, from 2007 almorexant was being reported as a potential blockbuster drug, as its novel mechanism of action (orexin receptor antagonism) was thought to produce better quality sleep and fewer side effects than the traditional benzodiazepine and z drugs which dominated the multi-billion dollar insomnia medication market.[2][3]

In 2008, pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline bought the development and marketing rights for almorexant from Actelion for an initial payment of $147 million.[4] The deal was worth a potential $3.2billion if the drug were to successfully complete clinical development and obtain FDA approval.[5] GSK and Actelion continued to develop the drug together, and completed a Phase III clinical trial in November 2009.[6]

However in January 2011 Actelion and GSK announced they were abandoning the development of almorexant because of its side effect profile.[1][7]

Mechanism of action[edit]

Almorexant is a competitive, dual OX1 and OX2 receptor antagonist and selectively inhibits the functional consequences of OX1 and OX2 receptor activation, such as intracellular Ca2+ mobilization.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]