# Almost convergent sequence

A bounded real sequence $(x_{n})$ is said to be almost convergent to $L$ if each Banach limit assigns the same value $L$ to the sequence $(x_{n})$.

Lorentz proved that $(x_{n})$ is almost convergent if and only if

$\lim \limits _{{p\to \infty }}{\frac {x_{{n}}+\ldots +x_{{n+p-1}}}p}=L$

uniformly in $n$.

The above limit can be rewritten in detail as

$(\forall \varepsilon >0)(\exists p_{0})(\forall p>p_{0})(\forall n)\left|{\frac {x_{{n}}+\ldots +x_{{n+p-1}}}p}-L\right|<\varepsilon .$

Almost convergence is studied in summability theory. It is an example of a summability method which cannot be represented as a matrix method.

## References

• G. Bennett and N.J. Kalton: "Consistency theorems for almost convergence." Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 198:23--43, 1974.
• J. Boos: "Classical and modern methods in summability." Oxford University Press, New York, 2000.
• J. Connor and K.-G. Grosse-Erdmann: "Sequential definitions of continuity for real functions." Rocky Mt. J. Math., 33(1):93--121, 2003.
• G.G. Lorentz: "A contribution to the theory of divergent sequences." Acta Math., 80:167--190, 1948.