Alofi, Niue

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This article is about the capital villages of Niue. For the island, part of Wallis and Futuna, see Alofi Island.
Alofi, Niue
City
Alofi locals walking along a street
Alofi Central
Location of Alofi on a map of Niue
Location of Alofi
Location of Alofi. Also shows the 14 different villages.
Administrative divisions of Niue with Alofi on the western side of the island.
Country Niue
Village Alofi North and Alofi South
Government
 • Assemblyman of Alofi North Vaiga Tukuitoga[1]
 • Assemblyman of Alofi South Dalton Tagelagi[2]
Area
 • Area of both Alofi North and Alofi South 46.48 km2 (17.95 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 21 m (69 ft)
Population (2011)[4]
 • Total 1,611
 • Density 12.5/km2 (32.46/sq mi)
 • Alofi North 147
 • Alofi South 434
Resident Population[5]
 • Residents (Alofi North) 1,611
 • Visitors (Alofi North) 6,214
 • Resident (Alofi South) 1,611
 • Visitor (Alofi South) 6,214
Time zone UTC-11 (UTC-11)
Area code(s) +683

Alofi is the capital of the Pacific Ocean island nation of Niue. With a population of 1,611 (census of 2011), Alofi has the distinction of being the second smallest national capital city in terms of population (after Ngerulmud, capital of Palau). It consists of the two villages: Alofi North and Alofi South where the government headquarters are located.[4]

Geography[edit]

It is located at the centre of Alofi Bay on the west coast of the island, close to the only break in the coral reef that surrounds Niue. The bay stretches for 30% of the island's length (about seven kilometres) from Halagigie Point in the south to Makapu Point in the north. It is also notable that Alofi contains the world's largest toothbrush fence.

History[edit]

In January 2004, Niue was hit by the fierce tropical storm Cyclone Heta which killed two people and did extensive damage to the entire island. Many of Alofi's buildings were destroyed, including the hospital. Government buildings were shifted to a less exposed site 3 km (1.9 mi) inland from the west coast, named Fonuakula, after the storm.[6] This site is still within the village boundaries of Alofi South.

Climate[edit]

Alofi
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
260
 
28
23
 
 
250
 
29
24
 
 
300
 
28
24
 
 
200
 
27
23
 
 
130
 
26
22
 
 
80
 
26
21
 
 
90
 
25
20
 
 
100
 
25
20
 
 
100
 
26
21
 
 
120
 
26
21
 
 
140
 
27
22
 
 
190
 
28
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weatherbase[3]

Alofi features a tropical rainforest climate under the Köppen climate classification, with no discernible dry season. The city has a noticeably drier stretch from June through September. However, all of these months average more than 60 mm (2.4 in) of rain, the limit for a dry season month. Like other cities with this climate, average temperatures remain relatively constant throughout the year, at 25 °C (77 °F).

Transport[edit]

The town is serviced by Niue International Airport, and there are numerous roads, both paved and dirt, that crisscross the town.[7]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°03′S 169°54′W / 19.05°S 169.9°W / -19.05; -169.9