Alois Hitler, Jr.

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Alois Hitler, Jr.
Born (1882-01-13)13 January 1882
Vienna, Austria-Hungary (now Austria)
Died 20 May 1956(1956-05-20) (aged 74)
Hamburg, West Germany
Occupation Restaurateur
Spouse(s) Bridget Dowling
Hedwig Heidemann
Children William Patrick Hitler
Heinz Hitler
Parents

Alois Hitler, Sr.
Franziska Matzelsberger

Stepmother: Klara Hitler[1]
Relatives Adolf Hitler (half-brother)
Angela Hitler (sister)
Gustav Hitler (half-brother)
Ida Hitler (half-sister)
Otto Hitler(half-brother)
Edmund Hitler (half-brother)
Paula Hitler (half-sister)

Alois Hitler, Jr., born Alois Matzelsberger (13 January 1882 in Vienna – 20 May 1956 in Hamburg), was the son of Alois Hitler, Sr. and Franziska Matzelsberger, and was the half-brother of Adolf Hitler.

Early life[edit]

On 13 January 1882, Franziska Matzelsberger gave birth to Alois Hitler's illegitimate son, also named Alois, but since they were not married, the child's last name was Matzelsberger, making him "Alois Matzelsberger". Hitler kept Matzelsberger as his wife while his lawful wife (Anna Glasl-Hörer) grew sicker and died on 6 April 1883. The next month, on 22 May at a ceremony in Braunau with fellow custom officials as witnesses, Hitler, 45, married Matzelsberger, 21. He then legitimized his son as Alois Hitler, Jr.[2] Alois Jr. was soon joined by a sister, Angela. When he was two years old his mother died and his father married Klara Pölzl, with whom he had a long-standing affair while also cheating on his first wife with Franziska.

According to his son, William Patrick Hitler, in late 1890s, Alois left the parental home due to increasingly violent arguments with his father and apparently strained relations with his stepmother Klara.[3] After working as an apprentice waiter in the Shelbourne Hotel in Dublin, Ireland, he was arrested for theft and served a five-month sentence in 1900, followed by an eight-month sentence in 1902.

Family[edit]

In 1909 he met an Irish woman by the name of Bridget Dowling at the Dublin Horse Show. They eloped to London and married on June 3, 1910. William Dowling, Bridget's father, threatened to have Alois arrested for kidnapping, but Bridget dissuaded him.

The couple settled in Liverpool, where their son William Patrick Hitler was born in 1911. The family lived in a flat at 102 Upper Stanhope Street. The house was destroyed in the last German air-raid on Liverpool on January 10, 1942. Nothing remains of the house or those that surrounded it, and the area was eventually cleared and grassed over.

Bridget Dowling's memoirs claim Adolf Hitler lived with them in Liverpool from 1912 to 1913 while he was on the run for dodging conscription in his native Austria-Hungary.[4]

Alois attempted to make money by running a small restaurant in Dale Street, a boarding house on Parliament Street and a hotel on Mount Pleasant, all of which failed.

Finally, he left his family in May 1914 and he returned alone to the German Empire to establish himself in the safety-razor business. World War I broke out soon after, stranding Alois in Germany and making it impossible for his wife and son to join him. He married another woman, Hedwig Heidemann (or Hedwig Mickley[5]), in 1916. After the war, a third party informed Bridget that he was dead.

His ruse was discovered by the German authorities and Alois was prosecuted for bigamy in 1924, but acquitted due to Bridget's intervention on his behalf.

William Patrick stayed with Alois and his new family during his early trips to Weimar Republic Germany in the late 1920s and early 1930s. In 1934 Alois established a restaurant in Berlin which became a popular drinking hole for Stormtroopers. He managed to keep the restaurant open through the duration of World War II. At the end of the war he was arrested by the British but released when it became clear he had played no role in his brother's regime.

His son from his second wife, Heinz Hitler, died in a Soviet prison in 1942 after being captured on the eastern front during the war.

Census information[edit]

On the 1911 census of the United Kingdom, Alois used the name Anton Hitler, working as a waiter at the Jewish-run Lyons cafe in Toxteth Park. His wife, Bridget, used the name Cissie, but William's name remained unchanged. They were boarding with other families in a shared building.[6]

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