Alonso de Aragón
|Some or all of this article's listed sources may not be reliable. (November 2012)|
|Alonso de Aragón|
|Archbishop of Zaragoza; Archbishop of Valencia|
Medaillon at Plaza Mayor, Salamanca
|Archdiocese||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Zaragoza|
|Appointed||14 August 1478|
|Term ended||24 February 1520|
|Predecessor||Ausias de Puggio|
|Successor||Juan de Aragón|
|Died||24 February 1520
|Buried||La Seo Cathedral|
|Parents||Ferdinand II of Aragon
Aldonza Ruiz de Ivorra
|Children||Juan, Archbishop of Zaragoza
Hernando, Archbishop of Zaragoza
Alonso de Aragón or Alfonso de Aragón (1470 – 24 February 1520) was Archbishop of Zaragoza, Archbishop of Valencia and Lieutenant General of Aragon. Born in Cervera, he was an illegitimate son of Ferdinand II of Aragon by a Catalan noblewoman called Aldonza Ruiz de Ivorra (1452–1516). Through his father's marriage in 1469, he became the stepson of Isabel of Castile and was the half brother of Isabella, Queen of Portugal, Juan, Prince of Asturias, Joanna of Castile, Maria, Queen of Portugal, and Catherine, Queen of England. In his youth his tutor was Antonio Geraldini, brother to Alessandro Geraldini who accompanied Catherine of Aragon to England in 1501 to marry Arthur, Prince of Wales.
Aragón was more a politician than a clergyman. His ecclesiastical career was determined by his father when he was five years old; his half-uncle, Juan de Aragón, Archbishop of Zaragoza and illegitimate son of King John II of Aragon, died. Ferdinand II decided that Alonso would succeed him, but Pope Sixtus IV thought that he was too young and appointed Ausías de Puggio. By 1478, the Pope couldn't withstand the pressure any more and appointed Aragón as new Archbishop on 14 August. However, he was not ordained as a priest until 7 November 1501, a day before being ordained as a bishop.
On 23 January 1512, Aragón was appointed Archbishop of Valencia. He was enthroned as such on 4 April 1512.
His father made him Lieutenant General of the Kingdom of Naples in 1507, to replace Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba. In 1512, he was in command of the troops that conquered Tudela in the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre.
When his father died in 1516, the Archbishop was appointed by his will as Lieutenant General of Aragon and de facto ruler of Aragon, due to the insanity of his half-sister, Queen Joanna, who inherited the crown. When Joanna's son and co-ruler, Charles I, arrived in November 1518, the Archbishop was confirmed as Lieutenant General of Aragon. He died two years later in Lécera.
Aragón also realised important modifications on the La Seo Cathedral, where he was buried.
Despite being Archbishop, Alonso had seven children with Ana de Gurrea (1470–1527), including:
- Juan (1498–1530), next Archbishop of Zaragoza
- Hernando (1498–1575), also Archbishop of Zaragoza and Viceroy of Aragón
- Antonio (died 1552), Lord of Quinto
- Juana (died 1520), married to Juan de Borja, 3rd Duke of Gandía and mother of Saint Francis Borgia
- Martin, Lord of Argavieso
- Ana, married the 5th and the 6th Duke of Medina Sidonia
|Ancestors of Alonso de Aragón|
- Lundy, Darryl, Juana Enriquez, thePeerage.com, retrieved 25 October 2007[unreliable source]
- Lundy, Darryl, Frederick Henriques, Conde de Melgar, thePeerage.com, retrieved 25 October 2007[unreliable source]
- Lundy, Darryl, Merina de Cordova, thePeerage.com, retrieved 25 October 2007[unreliable source]
- ancestry.com: Alonso of ARAGON
- (Spanish) Fundación Casa Ducal de Medinaceli: Alonso de Aragón "Gran Bastardo de Aragón"
- (Spanish) rodovid.org: Alonso de Aragón y Ruiz de Ivorra n. 1470 d. 24 febrero 1520
- (Spanish) Aldonza de Ivorra - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
- PhiloBiblon: Alfonso de Aragón y Ruiz de Ivorra
|Catholic Church titles|
Ausias de Puggio
|Archbishop of Zaragoza
14 August 1478 – 24 February 1520
Juan de Aragón
Pedro-Luis de Borja
|Archbishop of Valencia
23 January 1512 – 24 February 1520
Erardo de la Marca
|New title||Lieutenant General of Aragon
1517 – 24 February 1520
Juan de Lanuza