The Church at Alos
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Jean-Pierre Iriart|
|• Land1||5.78 km2 (2.23 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||47/km2 (120/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64017 / 64470|
|Elevation||204–414 m (669–1,358 ft)
(avg. 221 m or 725 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aloztar-Ziboztar-Oniztar
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Administration
- 4 Demography
- 5 Economy
- 6 Culture and heritage
- 7 Facilities
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and references
Alos-Sibas-Abense is located some 90 km south-east of Bayonne and 80m km west of Lourdes. The D918 road runs down the eastern border of the commune but does not enter. Access to the commune is on road D247 from Alcay-Alcabehety-Sunharette in the southwest which runs through the heart of the commune to the village. It then continues to the south-east linking with the D918 at Tardets-Sorholus. Most of the commune is farmland with some forest and it has a network of country roads covering most of the commune.
Located in the watershed of the Adour, the Saison river passes along and forms the eastern border of the commune parallel with the D918 road. The Aphoura stream (18km), which is fed by the Ardounc, the Batasse (10.1 km), the Laritolle, the Jaga, and the Uthurrotche erreka, flows near the village and to the Saisson.
Of the above list only the following are identifiable today on Google Maps:
- Ossas-Suhare and Trois-Villes to the north
- Tardets-Sorholus to the east
- Alçay-Alçabéhéty-Sunharette and Camou-Cihigue to the west
- Laguinge-Restoue and Lichans-Sunhar to the south
The name Alos is mentioned in:
- 1327 and 1338
- 1375 in the contracts of Luntz to that date
- 1405 in the Gascon roles (Alos in terra de Soule)
The name Sibas appears in the forms:
- Sivas (1178 in the Duchesne collection Volume 114, 1327 and 1690)
- Sent-Martin de Sibas (1520, tradition from Soule, and 1690).
The Basque form is Ziboz(e) or Ziborotz(e).
The name Abense appears with the spellings:
- Abense prope Tardetz (1385, Duchesne collection Volume 114)
- Avense pres Tardets (1520)
- prop Tardetz Avense (1690)
- Abeuze (1801, Bulletin des lois)
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggested that the name came from a Roman phonetic change to the Basque Oniz > onise > oénse > auénse > abense. The base of the name is the oronym ona, also present in Bayonne and Oneix. The modern Basque form (Onizegañia, Onizegañe or Omiz(e)) together with the expression de haut (gain(e)a > gañia).
Domec was a fief of Alos-Sibas, in Sibas hamlet. It was mentioned in 1385 (Duchesne collection volume 114). The fief depended on the Viscount of Soule who was one of the ten potesters of this province.
La Salle signified a farm and a fief of Alos-Sibas dependent on the Viscount of Soule. The name is mentioned in 1863 in the Topographic Dictionary of Béarn-Pays basque and appears with the spelling La Sale de Sibas (1455, Duchesne collection volume 114).
Sibas merged with Alos on 23 October 1843 to form Alos-Sibas. On 16 April 1859, following the annexation of part of the territory of Abense-de-Haut, the commune took the name of Alos-Sibas-Abense.
On the same day the commune of Abense-de-Haut disappeared, its territory being divided between Alos-Sibas and Tardets.
The motto of the commune is "atzotik biharrera (from yesterday to tomorrow)
Lists of Successive Mayors of Alos-Sibas-Abense
|1832||1845||Dominique Erbin called Etchecopar|
|1795||1806||Jean Althabegoity called Oliberou|
|1848||1852||Jean Etchecopar dit Etchahoun|
|1871||1875||Arnaud André d'Arthez Lassale|
|1953||1971||Général Pierre Montjean|
The town is part of six intercommunal structures:
- the community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa
- the union to support Basque culture
- SIVOM of the canton of Tardets
- the municipal association for the gaves of Oloron and Mauleon
- SIVU for Tourism in Haute-Soule and Barétous
- the AEP Union for Soule country
In 2009, the commune had 274 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]
The activity is mainly focused on agriculture (livestock and pasture). The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty.
Culture and heritage
- Etchandia House, formerly owned by the Etchandy family.
- La Salle d'Abense
The town has an early childhood hub (Child care centre and a creche) and an Ikastola.
- Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Official Site of the Commune (French)
- Personal Site (French)
- ALOZE-ZIBOZE-ONIZEGAINE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (Spanish)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc.. , as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN), consulted on 30 October 2011
- Topographic Dictionary of Béarn-Pays basque, Paul Raymond
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of Placenames - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2867813964, pages 189 to 191
- Contracts retained by Luntz, the Notary of Béarn - Manuscript of the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Duchesne Collection, volumes 99 to 114, containing the former Imperial Librarian Oihenart's papers, Bibliothèque nationale de France
- Tradition of Soule from 1520, printed in Pau in 1760
- Abense on the Cassini of EHESS website
- Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011
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