Aloys, 7th Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg

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Aloys
Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2008-0156, Aloys Prinz zu Löwenstein.jpg
The Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, 1912.
Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Period 1908 – 25 January 1952
Predecessor Charles I
Successor Charles II
Spouse Countess Josephine Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau
Issue Princess Sophie
Princess Agnes
Karl, 8th Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Princess Monika
Prince Felix
Prince Ferdinand
Princess Theresia
Princess Maria-Anna
Prince Johannes
Full name
German: Aloys Joseph Kamill Leopold Mikael Anton Maria
House House of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Father Charles, 6th Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Mother Princess Sophie of Liechtenstein
Born (1871-09-15)15 September 1871
Kleinheubach, Kingdom of Bavaria
Died 25 January 1952(1952-01-25) (aged 80)
Schloss Bronnbach, Bronnbach, Wertheim am Main, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany
Religion Roman Catholic

Aloys Joseph Kamill Leopold Michael Anton Maria, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg,[1][2] full German name: Aloys Joseph Kamill Leopold Michael Anton Maria, Fürst zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg[1][2] (15 September 1871, Kleinheubach, Kingdom of Bavaria[1][2] – 25 January 1952, Schloss Bronnbach, Bronnbach, Wertheim am Main, Baden-Württemberg, West Germany[1][2]) was a German politician and the President of the Central Committee of German Catholics. Aloys was a member of the House of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg and was Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg from his father's abdication in 1908 until his death in 25 January 1952.

Family[edit]

Aloys was the sixth child and second son of Charles, 6th Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1834-1921), brother of titular Queen consort of Portugal Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, and his wife Princess Sophie of Liechtenstein (1837-1899).[1][2] Aloys was a direct male-line descendant of Frederick I, Elector Palatine.

Life[edit]

After completing his secondary education at the Jesuit College in Feldkirch, Aloys graduated from law schools in Prague and in Fribourg, receiving his Dr. jur. utr. in 1895.

After the completion of his education and a trip to England, Aloys began to assume greater responsibilities as a wealthy nobleman. He began serving as a member of the Württembergian Chamber of Lords (1895), the First Chamber of the Estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse (1897), the Bavarian Reichsrat (1909), and the First Chamber of the Diet of the Grand Duchy of Baden (1910). In 1907, his father joined the Dominican Order and became a priest in 1908 after which he relinquished his noble titles and responsibilities to Aloys.[3]

In 1907, Aloys was elected as a representative for the Trier I electoral district in the German Empire's Reichstag in which he served until the dissolution of the empire in 1918. He saw this and his other representative roles as a service to the state, which he rendered by defending the Roman Catholic Church and its goals. He did not, on the other hand, take to the work of a parliamentarian. While he could have chosen to embark on a diplomatic career, due to his previous education and the fact of belonging to the European nobility, he chose not to.

Although he volunteered for the war immediately in 1914, he tried to intervene as a moderating influence in the discussion on war aims; before 1914, he had already criticised German foreign policy as too power-hungry. From 1898, when he succeeded his father in embracing the Catholic lay movement and had served as vice-president of the Katholikentag in Neisse, he was a member of the central committee of German Katholikentage; in 1905 he chaired the Strasbourg Tag himself, thus helping to integrate the Catholics of Alsace-Lotharingia into the German Empire.

One of his primary interests was in missionary activities, and to bring life into this, the Internationales Institut für missionswissenschaftliche Forschungen in Münster (International Institute of missionary research) was founded in 1911 in Münster. Aloys was its president until 1948. To this end, he also promoted the founding of journals.

Aloys was from 1920 the president of the Central Committee of German Catholics. He firmly kept the politics of his time away from the Catholic lay movement. His views on lay ministry, coming from religious faith, corresponded to a patriarchal aristocratic world-view.

Adolf Hitler's rise to power in 1933 made the work of the central committee impossible. German participants were largely unable to attend the planned 1933 Allgemeiner Deutscher Katholikentag in Vienna, due to travel restrictions. For the 1934 Deutscher Katholikentag planned in Gleiwitz, Hermann Göring as Prussian prime minister demaned an oath of allegiance to the Third Reich; Aloys zu Löwenstein refused, and canceled the Katholikentag. It was not until 1948 that another Katholikentag took place, which was to be the last one under Aloys zu Löwenstein's leadership. He handed over the presidency to his son, Karl Friedrich.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Aloys married Countess Josephine Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau, daughter of Count Friedrich Karl Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau and his wife Countess Sophie Maria Manuela von Mensdorff-Pouilly, on 27 September 1898 in Adlerkosteletz, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austria–Hungary.[1][2] Aloys and Josephine had nine children:[1][2]

  • Princess Sophie of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (9 May 1900 – 16 February 1982),[1][2] married Karl, Count von und zu Eltz gennant Faust von Stromberg
  • Princess Agnes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (born 13 Jul 1902)[1][2]
  • Karl, 8th Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (8 February 1904 – 23 August 1990),[1][2] married Carolina dei Conti Rignon
  • Princess Monika of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (25 February 1905 – 28 December 1992),[1][2] married Erich August, Prince of Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg
  • Prince Felix of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (6 April 1907 – 21 October 1986)[1][2]
  • Princess Theresia of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (born 27 December 1909),[1][2] married Carl Wolfgang, Count von Ballestrem
  • Prince Ferdinand of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (27 December 1909 – 8 February 1990)[1][2]
  • Princess Maria-Anna of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (born 25 February 1914),[1][2] married Ferdinand, Count von Magnis
  • Prince Johannes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (born 8 July 1919),[1][2] married Baroness Christine von Loë

His descendants include Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 15 September 1871 – 1908: His Serene Highness The Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
  • 1908 – 25 January 1952: His Serene Highness The Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Darryl Lundy (1 Jul 2003). "Aloys VII Fürst zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Paul Theroff. "LÖWENSTEIN". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  3. ^ Frank Raberg: Biographisches Handbuch der württembergischen Landtagsabgeordneten 1815–1933. W. Kohlhammer Verlag, Stuttgart 2001, Seite 524

Literature[edit]

  • Theologische Realenzyklopädie. Bd 18. Katechumenat/Katechumen - Kirchenrecht, ISBN 3-11-011613-8
  • Marie-Emmanuelle Reytier, "Die Fürsten Löwenstein an der Spitze der deutschen Katholikentage: Aufstieg und Untergang einer Dynastie (1868 - 1968)", in: Günther Schulz und Markus A. Denzel (eds.), Deutscher Adel im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Büdinger Forschungen zur Sozialgeschichte 2002 und 2003, ISBN 3-89590-145-8
  • Karl Buchheim, Ultramontanismus und Demokratie, 1963.

External links[edit]

Media related to Aloys Prinz zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg at Wikimedia Commons

Aloys, 7th Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Cadet branch of the House of Löwenstein-Wertheim
Born: 15 September 1871 Died: 25 January 1952
German nobility
Preceded by
Charles I
Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
1908 – 25 January 1952
Succeeded by
Charles II