(Matthew) Aloysius Ambrozic
|Cardinal Archbishop of Toronto|
|Installed||March 17, 1990|
|Term ended||January 30, 2007|
|Predecessor||Gerald Emmett Carter|
|Successor||Thomas Christopher Collins|
|Other posts||Coadjutor Archbishop of Toronto|
|Ordination||June 4, 1955
by James Charles McGuigan
|Consecration||March 26, 1978
by Philip Francis Pocock
|Created Cardinal||February 21, 1998|
|Birth name||Alojzij Ambrožič|
January 27, 1930|
Gabrje, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (modern-day Slovenia)
|Died||August 26, 2011
|Buried||Holy Cross Cemetery, Thornhill, Ontario|
|Parents||Aloysius Ambrozic (Alojzij Ambrožič)
Helen Pecar (Helena Pečar)
|Coat of arms|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Ambrožič was born near Gabrje, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (modern-day Slovenia) as Alojzij Ambrožič as one of seven children of Alojzij (or "Lojze") Ambrožič and Helena Pečar. In May 1945 he and his family fled to Austria, where he completed high school in Ljubljana and various refugee camps (Vetrinj, Peggez and Spittal an der Drau). The family went to Canada in September 1948, studied at St. Augustine's Seminary and Ambrožič was ordained a priest in Toronto on 4 June 1955. He served first in Port Colborne, Ontario, and later taught at St. Augustine's Seminary in Toronto.
He studied theology in Rome (he earned a degree in theology from the Angelicum). On his return to Canada, he taught Scripture at St Augustine's Seminary from 1960 to 1967. He then studied at the University of Würzburg in Germany and there obtained a doctorate in theology in 1970. He taught exegesis at the Toronto School of Theology from 1970 to 1976, when he was named Auxiliary Bishop of Toronto on 27 May of that year. On 22 May 1986 he became Coadjutor Archbishop of Toronto, and duly succeeded to the position of Archbishop of Toronto on 17 March 1990.
In 1998 he was created cardinal by Pope John Paul II and assigned the titular church of Santi Marcellino e Pietro. He became a member of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants in 1990, the Congregation for the Clergy in 1991, the Pontifical Council for Culture in 1993, and the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments in 1999. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI. He retired on 16 December 2006.
During his archiepiscopate, Toronto hosted World Youth Day in 2002. He was a vocal opponent of same-sex marriage in Canada. On his retirement for reasons of age, Ambrožič was succeeded as archbishop of Toronto by Thomas Christopher Collins on 30 January 2007.
Cardinal Ambrozic died on 26 August 2011 after a lengthy illness. His funeral mass was held on 31 August 2011 at Saint Michael's Cathedral in Toronto, with Archbishop Thomas Collins presiding. More than 1000 people attended the mass, including Federal Finance Minister James Flaherty and Mayors Robert Ford and Hazel McCallion.
Ambrožič was a somewhat contentious figure in Canadian Catholicism, and the subject of vocal opposition from some liberal or progressive Catholics and ex-Catholics for his conservative stands. At the same time, he rejected a request from the Toronto Traditional Mass Society (the local chapter of Una Voce) to invite the Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter to offer Tridentine Masses in the archdiocese.
- Archdiocese of Toronto retrieved 12 July 2013
- Catholic Register articles
- Biography of Cardinal Ambrožič
- "Catholic Community Mourns the Loss of Cardinal Aloysius Ambrozic".
- Ambrozic Letter from Unavocetoront.com retrieved 12 July 2013
|Catholic Church titles|
Gerald Emmett Carter
|Archbishop of Toronto
17 March 1990 – 16 December 2006
Thomas Christopher Collins