Alpha, New Jersey

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Alpha, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Alpha
Map of Alpha in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Alpha in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Alpha, New Jersey.gif
Census Bureau map of Alpha, New Jersey.gif
Coordinates: 40°39′34″N 75°09′25″W / 40.659447°N 75.157053°W / 40.659447; -75.157053Coordinates: 40°39′34″N 75°09′25″W / 40.659447°N 75.157053°W / 40.659447; -75.157053[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Warren
Incorporated June 26, 1911
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Edward Hanics, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Clerk Laurie A. Barton[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 1.698 sq mi (4.397 km2)
 • Land 1.672 sq mi (4.329 km2)
 • Water 0.026 sq mi (0.068 km2)  1.54%
Area rank 432nd of 566 in state
21st of 22 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 269 ft (82 m)
Population (2010)[7][8][9]
 • Total 2,369
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 2,326
 • Rank 476th of 566 in state
19th of 22 in county[11]
 • Density 1,417.2/sq mi (547.2/km2)
 • Density rank 341st of 566 in state
5th of 22 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08865[12][13]
Area code(s) 908[14]
FIPS code 3404101030[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 885138[17][2]
Website www.alphaboro.org

Alpha is a borough in Warren County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,369,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 113 (-4.6%) from the 2,482 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 48 (-1.9%) from the 2,530 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Alpha was incorporated as a borough from portions of Pohatcong Township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature passed on June 26, 1911, and signed by Governor Woodrow Wilson, based on the results of a referendum held on May 31, 1911.[19]

Alpha is one of the eastern-most locations within the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania and New Jersey.

Geography[edit]

Alpha is located at 40°39′34″N 75°09′25″W / 40.659447°N 75.157053°W / 40.659447; -75.157053 (40.659447,-75.157053). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.698 square miles (4.397 km2), of which, 1.672 square miles (4.329 km2) of it was land and 0.026 square miles (0.068 km2) of it (1.54%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 2,140
1930 2,374 10.9%
1940 2,301 −3.1%
1950 2,117 −8.0%
1960 2,406 13.7%
1970 2,829 17.6%
1980 2,644 −6.5%
1990 2,530 −4.3%
2000 2,482 −1.9%
2010 2,369 −4.6%
Est. 2013 2,326 [10] −1.8%
Population sources:
1920[20] 1920-1930[21]
1930-1990[22] 2000[23][24] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,369 people, 964 households, and 632.4 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,417.2 per square mile (547.2 /km2). There were 1,032 housing units at an average density of 617.4 per square mile (238.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.12% (2,206) White, 2.41% (57) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 1.52% (36) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.18% (28) from other races, and 1.77% (42) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.28% (125) of the population.[7]

There were 964 households, of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.[7]

In the borough, 22.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.6 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,953 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,724) and the median family income was $73,929 (+/- $6,822). Males had a median income of $49,461 (+/- $3,100) versus $40,859 (+/- $5,262) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,567 (+/- $2,455). About 4.0% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.[25]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 2,482 people, 989 households, and 688 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,462.0 people per square mile (563.7/km2). There were 1,034 housing units at an average density of 609.1 per square mile (234.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.06% White, 0.28% African American, 0.04% Native American, 1.21% Asian, 0.64% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.89% of the population.[23][24]

There were 989 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.05.[23][24]

In the borough the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.[23][24]

The median income for a household in the borough was $42,209, and the median income for a family was $45,435. Males had a median income of $39,957 versus $26,576 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,104. About 5.5% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.[23][24]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Alpha is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Maywood, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[26]

As of 2014, the Mayor of Alpha Borough is Edward Hanics, Jr. (D, term ends December 31, 2015). Members of the Alpha Borough Council are Council President Tom Seiss (Director of Public Works; D, 2016), Louis J. Cartabona (Director of Public Safety; R, 2015), Millard Rooks (Director of Health & Welfare; D, 2014), Carol Schwar (Director of Public Property; I, 2014), Michael Schwar (Director of Finance; R, 2016) and Harry Zikas, Jr. (Director of Administration; D, 2014, resigned, effective September 20, 2014.). [27][28][29][30][31][32]

Harry Zikas announced his resignation from office in September 2014, citing his acceptance of a job out of town.[33]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Alpha is located in the 7th Congressional district[34] and is part of New Jersey's 23rd state legislative district.[8][35][36] Prior to the 2010 Census, Alpha had been part of the 5th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[37]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[38] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[39][40] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[41][42]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County).[43][44] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[45] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[46]

Warren County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose three members are chosen at-large on a staggered basis in partisan elections with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Freeholder Director and other as Deputy Director. As of 2014, Warren County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Edward J. Smith (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2015), Freeholder Deputy Director Richard D. Gardner (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2014) and Freeholder Jason Sarnoski (R, Lopatcong Township, 2016).[47] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Patricia J. Kolb (Blairstown Township),[48] Sheriff David Gallant (Blairstown Township) and Surrogate Kevin O'Neill (Hackettstown).[49][50] The County Administrator, Steve Marvin, is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operation of the county and its departments.[51]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,441 registered voters in Alpha, of which 548 (38.0% vs. 21.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 296 (20.5% vs. 35.3%) were registered as Republicans and 596 (41.4% vs. 43.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[52] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 60.8% (vs. 62.3% in Warren County) were registered to vote, including 78.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 81.5% countywide).[52][53]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 497 votes here (51.1% vs. 40.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 436 votes (44.8% vs. 56.0%) and other candidates with 25 votes (2.6% vs. 1.7%), among the 973 ballots cast by the borough's 1,457 registered voters, for a turnout of 66.8% (vs. 66.7% in Warren County).[54][55] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 470 votes here (47.7% vs. 55.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 464 votes (47.1% vs. 41.4%) and other candidates with 18 votes (1.8% vs. 1.6%), among the 985 ballots cast by the borough's 1,408 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.0% (vs. 73.4% in Warren County).[56] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 510 votes here (50.1% vs. 61.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 489 votes (48.0% vs. 37.2%) and other candidates with 12 votes (1.2% vs. 1.3%), among the 1,018 ballots cast by the borough's 1,369 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.4% (vs. 76.3% in the whole county).[57]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 334 votes here (48.2% vs. 61.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 251 votes (36.2% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 64 votes (9.2% vs. 9.8%) and other candidates with 21 votes (3.0% vs. 1.5%), among the 693 ballots cast by the borough's 1,397 registered voters, yielding a 49.6% turnout (vs. 49.6% in the county).[58]

Education[edit]

Students in Kindergarten through eighth grade attend the Alpha School District at Alpha School. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 273 students and 25.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.66:1.[59][60]

Public school students in ninth through twelfth grades attend Phillipsburg High School in Phillipsburg, which serves students from Alpha as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Phillipsburg School District. The high school also serves students from four other sending communities: Bloomsbury (in Hunterdon County), Greenwich Township, Lopatcong Township and Pohatcong Township.[61][62][60]

Students from the borough and from all of Warren County are eligible to attend Ridge and Valley Charter School in Blairstown (for grades K-8)[63] or Warren County Technical School in Washington borough (for 9-12),[64] with special education services provided by local districts supplemented throughout the county by the Warren County Special Services School District in Oxford Township (for PreK-12).[60][65]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 21.40 miles (34.44 km) of roadways, of which 17.38 miles (27.97 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.78 miles (4.47 km) by Warren County and 1.24 miles (2.00 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[66]

The main road that goes through is CR 519. Route 122 runs through briefly in the north.

While Interstate 78 passes through the southern portion of the borough, the closest access point is at US 22 in neighboring Pohatcong.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Municipal Clerk, Borough of alpha. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Alpha, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Alpha borough, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Alpha borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Alpha, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 23, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Alpha, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 12, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 26, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 245. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  20. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  21. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  22. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  23. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Alpha borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  24. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Alpha borough, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  25. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Alpha borough, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  26. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  27. ^ Alpha Borough profile, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  28. ^ Mayor & Council, Borough of Alpha. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  29. ^ 2012 Official Directory, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  30. ^ GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 2, 2010, WARREN COUNTYOfficial Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey Clerk, November 5, 2010. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  31. ^ WARREN COUNTY GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 8, 2011, WARREN COUNTY Official Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey Clerk, November 15, 2011. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  32. ^ General Election November 6, 2012, WARREN COUNTY Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey, November 19, 2012. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  33. ^ Peters, Sarah. "Longtime Alpha councilman and former mayor announces resignation", The Express-Times, September 9, 2014. Accessed September 15, 2014. "Alpha Borough Councilman Harry Zikas Jr. formally announced his resignation in a letter to fellow officials late Monday night.His resignation is effective Sept. 20. Zikas accepted a promotion at work and plans to move to Paterson, New Jersey, he said."
  34. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 54, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 54, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  39. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  41. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  42. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  43. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  44. ^ District 23 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  45. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  46. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  48. ^ County Clerk's Office, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  49. ^ Message from Surrogate, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  50. ^ Constitutional Officers, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  51. ^ 2013 Official Directory, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  52. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Warren, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  53. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  54. ^ Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  55. ^ Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  56. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  57. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  58. ^ 2009 Governor: Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed May 31, 2013.
  59. ^ District information for Alpha School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  60. ^ a b c Municipal Guide to Public School Districts, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2013.
  61. ^ Phillipsburg High School 2011 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 15, 2014. "Sending districts to Phillipsburg High School include Lopatcong Township, Pohatcong Township, Greenwich Township, Bloomsbury, and Alpha."
  62. ^ Central Student Registration Information, Phillipsburg School District. Accessed September 15, 2014. "Sending District Students: Students that reside in Alpha, Bloomsbury, Greenwich, Lopatcong, and Pohatcong send students in grades 9 - 12 to Phillipsburg High School."
  63. ^ Overview, Ridge and Valley Charter School. Accessed September 12, 2013. "Enrollment is open to any child in New Jersey, with preference for students from the districts of Blairstown, Frelinghuysen, Hardwick, Knowlton and North Warren Regional."
  64. ^ About Us, Warren County Technical School. Accessed September 12, 2013.
  65. ^ About, Warren County Special Services School District. Accessed September 12, 2013.
  66. ^ Warren County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.

External links[edit]