Alpha Delta Phi
|Alpha Delta Phi|
|Founded||October 29, 1832
|Type||Secret, Social, Literary|
|Motto||Manus Multæ Cor Unum (Many Hands, One Heart)|
|Colors||Emerald and Pearl
|Symbol||Star, Crescent, Sword, Spear, Escutcheon|
|Flower||The Lily of the Valley|
|Chapters||29 Chapters, 5 Affiliates|
|Headquarters||6126 Lincoln Avenue
Morton Grove, Illinois, United States
Alpha Delta Phi (ΑΔΦ, also Alpha Delt, A.D. or ADPhi) is a North American Greek-letter secret and social college fraternity. Alpha Delta Phi was originally founded as a literary society by Samuel Eells in 1832 at Hamilton College in Clinton, New York. Its 50,000+ alumni include former Presidents and Senators of the United States, as well as Chief Justices of the Supreme Court. In 1992, five chapters withdrew from the male-only organization to become co-educational, and formed the Alpha Delta Phi Society, a separate and independent organization.
When Samuel Eells arrived on campus at Hamilton College, he found two existing literary societies, the Phoenix and the Philopeuthian, the latter of which he reluctantly joined. Eells quickly became disenchanted with both societies' unscrupulous recruiting tactics and considered creating his own society which would disavow what he described as jealous and unsavory competition between the two. Eells proposed to select members from both the Phoenix and the Philopeuthian and found a new society of limited membership based on "the loftiest of intellectual and moral ideals."
On October 29, 1832, Eells gathered four other members, two from the Phoenix and two from the Philopeuthian, to a meeting in his room. The other men were Lorenzo Latham, John Curtiss Underwood, Oliver Andrew Morse and Henry Lemuel Storrs. At that meeting Eells wrote the constitution and he and Latham designed the fraternity's emblem and symbols. Later in the year, other members were added and the first chapter of the Alpha Delta Phi was in full operation by the beginning of 1833.
Alpha Delta Phi is both a social fraternity and a literary society. In the founder's own words, the literary pursuit of the fraternity must "be built on a more comprehensive scale than other societies, ... It must be national and universal in its adaptations, so as not merely to cultivate a taste for literature or furnish the mind with knowledge, but with a true philosophical spirit looking to the entire man, so as to develop his whole being -- moral, social and intellectual." As part of this focus, the Samuel Eells Literary and Educational Foundation sponsors annual literary competitions, which awards cash prizes.
Alpha Delta Phi was the first fraternity to establish a chapter west of the Appalachian Mountains when it formed a chapter at Miami University in 1835. This chapter preceded the formation of three national fraternities at Miami University known as the Miami Triad in the years that followed.
Alpha Delta Phi is a charter member of the North-American Interfraternity Conference (formerly known as the National Interfraternity Conference) (NIC), and a Brother of Alpha Delta Phi, Hamilton W. Mabie (Williams College, class of 1867), was the first President of the NIC. Alpha Delta Phi is today still a member of the NIC; the Alpha Delta Phi Society is not a member of the NIC.
As of April 2014, the Fraternity has 27 chapters and 5 affiliates, the oldest chapter existing at Hamilton College and the most recent affiliate at Princeton [a restart of the fraternity's previous chapter at that institution]. In addition, the Fraternity has a regional alumni organization, the Midwest Association of Alpha Delta Phi, which is more than 125 years old. Alpha Delta Phi also has the third oldest continuous chapter in the North America Fraternity System, which is also the second oldest Alpha chapter at Hamilton College.
Alpha Delta Phi's Dartmouth College chapter was the inspiration for National Lampoon's Animal House. At Yale University, it was mostly brothers of Alpha Delta Phi that were invited to join the university's top-ranked senior society Skull and Bones. Issues with the number of Alpha Delta Phi's tapped for Skull and Bones also led to the creation of Yale's second society Scroll and Key.
Notable alumni of the Alpha Delta Phi include, among others:
- Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States
- Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States
- William R. Day, Secretary of State, Supreme Court Justice
- Bainbridge Colby, Secretary of State
- Salmon P. Chase (Hon.), Secretary of the Treasury, Chief Justice of the United States
- Harlan F. Stone, Chief Justice of the United States
- Samuel Blatchford, Supreme Court Justice
- Henry B. Brown, Supreme Court Justice
- George Shiras Jr., Supreme Court Justice
- Oliver Wendell Holmes, Supreme Court Justice
- William H. Woodin, Secretary of the Treasury
- Charles S. Fairchild, Secretary of the Treasury
- Dwight F. Davis, Secretary of War
- James R. Garfield, Secretary of the Interior
- Charles Francis Adams III, Secretary of the Navy
- William B. Allison, United States Senator
- George E. Pugh, United States Senator
- Adonijah S. Welch, United States Senator
- Phineas W. Hitchcock, United States Senator
- Watson C. Squire, United States Senator
- Joseph V. Quarles, United States Senator
- Joseph Medill McCormick, United States Senator
- Wallace H. White, Jr., United States Senator
- Henry W. Keyes, United States Senator
- Frank O. Horton, United States Senator
- Francis Bellamy, author of the Pledge of Allegiance
- Joshua L. Chamberlain, Governor of Maine, Civil War Medal of Honor recipient
- Larry J. Estrada, Mayor of Fort Collins, Colorado
- Hedrick Smith, Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter for The New York Times, Emmy Award-winning producer
- Michael Castle, Governor of Delaware (1985-1992), United States Congressman ( 1993-2011)
- Larry Meistrich, Academy Award-winning producer, producer of the movie Sling Blade
- David Packard, Co-Founder of Hewlett-Packard (HP)
- Ben Stein, economist
- Ed Quinn, actor
- Michael Gazzaniga, leading researcher in cognitive neuroscience
- Andy Enfield, University of Southern California head basketball coach
- Jeremy Glick, 9/11 hero, United Airlines Flight 93 passenger
- Fred Upton, United States Representative
National Lampoon's Animal House was co-written by Chris Miller and Doug Kenney. Miller based his writings on his own fraternity experiences with Alpha Delta Phi's Dartmouth College Chapter. Miller was considered National Lampoon's fraternity life expert and the movie's main character, Larry Kroger, shared Miller's own pledge name (Pinto). The characters of Larry Kroger and Mandy Pepperidge appear to have originated with Kenney.
The Fraternity is a retronym used now to distinguish the all-male Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity from the co-ed Alpha Delta Phi Society (discussed below). In general parlance, the Fraternity refers to itself simply as the "Alpha Delta Phi"; the Society uses either the "Alpha Delta Phi Society" or "The Society".
Co-Ed Agreement of 1992
The Brunonian (Brown University) chapter first initiated women into its local membership in November, 1973 and this was followed by a proposal at the 1974 national convention to either allow individual chapters to admit women or to do so fraternity-wide. This debate was often contentious with most chapters opposed, some members lobbying for full admission of women but a larger number wanting to ban women altogether or grant them some form of associate membership. In 1992 an Agreement was made that allowed five chapters to withdraw from the fraternity (the Brunonian, Columbia, Middletown, Stanford and Bowdoin Chapters) and to allow those chapters wishing to be coeducational to create the Alpha Delta Phi Society separate from the existing Fraternity.
Under the terms of this agreement, the Fraternity and the Society are completely separate and independent legal entities with separate governing bodies. The two organizations are not part of the same entity and do not share membership, except for male members of the society who joined before 1992. Both groups are licensees who share the Greek letters and intellectual property such as history and songs. The Society espouses "home rule," letting each chapter decide whether or not to co-educate. To date, all of its chapters are coeducational. There are limitations on both organizations as to where they can have chapters, and there are limitations on the use of the name Alpha Delta Phi by the Society.
- Miller, Chris. The Real Animal House: The saga of the fraternity that inspired the movie. Boston, Mass.: Little, Brown, 2007.
- Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity
- Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity at DMOZ
- Alpha Delta Phi Society
- Alpha Delta Phi Society at DMOZ