|Number of teams||18|
|Levels on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Football League|
|Domestic cup(s)||Greek Cup
Greek Super Cup
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
|Most championships||Olympiacos (40 titles)|
|TV partners||Nova Sports & OTE Sport|
|2013–14 Superleague Greece|
The Superleague Greece (Greek: Σούπερ Λίγκα Ελλάδα) is the highest professional football league in Greece. It was formed on 16 July 2006 and replaced Alpha Ethniki at the top of the Greek football league system. The league consists of 18 teams and runs from August to May, with teams playing 34 games each. As of May 2013, Superleague Greece is ranked 12th in the UEFA ranking of leagues, based on performances in European competitions over the last five years.
Since the foundation of the first official Panhellenic Championship in season 1927–28, only six clubs have won the title, with the "big three" of Greater Athens (Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and AEK Athens) dominating and only Aris, PAOK and Larissa managing to break their dominance on a few occasions. The current champions are Olympiacos, who have won in total 40 titles.
- 1 History
- 2 Structure
- 3 Superleague Greece 2013-14 members
- 4 Champions
- 5 Statistics
- 6 Top division table (since 1959-60)
- 7 Per geographic region
- 8 UEFA ranking
- 9 Broadcasting rights
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
In the beginning (1906–1916), there was the Hellenic Association of Amateur Athletics (SEGAS) Panhellenic Championship, which was actually a local tournament among clubs from Athens and Piraeus. After the Balkan Wars and World War I Greece became larger and the first football clubs associations were founded, namely the Athens-Piraeus FCA (EPSAP) in 1919 - renamed Greece FCA (EPSE) in 1921 - and the Macedonia FCA in 1923. For the first time in 1923, the Panhellenic Champion was determined by a play-off game between the Athens-Piraeus and the Thessaloniki champions. However, this was not repeated the following year as the Greece FCA was split into Athens FCA and Piraeus FCA after a dispute.
In 1926, the Hellenic Football Federation (EPO) was founded and the first official Panhellenic Championship was held in 1927-28. The competition featured the best teams from the largest football clubs associations (Athens FCA, Piraeus FCA and Macedonia FCA) of Greece, contending for the title in a play-off format. This ran until 1959, when it was superseded by Alpha Ethniki that was a proper national league. In 1979, Alpha Ethniki - which had been an amateur and semi-amateur competition from its inception - turned professional. In 2006, the Superleague Greece replaced Alpha Ethniki as the highest Greek professional football league.
At present, sixteen clubs compete in the Superleague, playing each other in a home and away series. At the end of the season, the bottom three clubs are relegated to Football League. In their place, the top three teams from Football League are promoted. The number of teams to be relegated may change, depending on a licensing procedure that takes place at the end of the regular season.
The Superleague is currently entitled to two entrants into the UEFA Champions League. The Superleague champion directly enters the group stage of the UEFA Champions League. The second through fifth place teams in the Superleague enter a play-off for the second Greek entry. The play-off winner enters the UEFA Champions League's third qualifying round, a two-legged tie from which the winner advances to the play offs of the UEFA Champions League. The winner of the Greek Cup automatically qualifies for the UEFA Europa League, as well as the runners-up of the Superleague play-off.
In the play-off for the UEFA Champions League, the teams play each other in a home and away round robin. However, they do not all start with 0 points. Instead, a weighting system applies to the teams' standing at the start of the play-off mini-league. The team finishing fifth in the Superleague will start the play off with 0 points. The fifth place team’s end of season tally of points is used to calculate the sum of the points that other teams will have. The point difference of each of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th team from the fifth place team is then divided by five (if the result is a decimal number it is then rounded to a full number, with .5 or more being rounded up) and the resulting number respectively for each team is the number of points with which they will start the mini-league.
Superleague Greece 2013-14 members
- ^ The final positions for teams ranked 2–5 in regular season are being determined by the playoffs.
- ^ Platanias' home 1,000-seater Maleme Stadium does not meet Superleague regulations. Pankritio Stadium may be used as backup if construction on Perivolia Stadium is delayed.
- 1905–06 to 1926–27: SEGAS Panhellenic Championship (unofficial) and Greece FCA Championship (unofficial)
- 1927–28 to 1958–59: HFF Panhellenic Championship
- 1959–60 to 2005–06: Alpha Ethniki
- 2006–07 to present: Superleague Greece
Performance by club (1928-)
||1931, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1947, 1948, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013|||
||1930, 1949, 1953, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1995, 1996, 2004, 2010|||
||1939, 1940, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1994||
||1928, 1932, 1946||
Titles by city (1928-)
The 6 clubs that have won the championship are from a total of 4 cities
|City||Number of Titles||Clubs|
||Panathinaikos (20), AEK Athens (11)|
||Aris (3), PAOK (2)|
Top three ranking (1928-)
|Club||1st||2nd||3rd||Top 3 overall|
Seasons in Alpha Ethniki and Superleague Greece
The number of seasons that each team (in alphabetical order) has played in the top division from 1959–60 until 2012–13. A total of 65 teams had competed in at least one season at the top division. Olympiacos, Panathinaikos and PAOK are the only teams to have played in the top division in every season since the league's inception in its modern form. The teams in bold will participate in Superleague for the 2013–14 season.
|55||Olympiacos, Panathinaikos, PAOK|
|19||Kavala, PAS Giannina|
|13||Atromitos Athens, Levadiakos|
|9||Athinaikos, Olympiakos Volos|
|7||Ergotelis, Fostiras, Kalamata, Paniliakos, Trikala, Asteras Tripolis|
|5||Edessaikos, Kerkyra, Korinthos, Niki Volos|
|4||Panetolikos, Akratitos, Ethnikos Asteras, Kallithea, Rodos, Vyzas, Panthrakikos|
|3||Diagoras, Olympiakos Nicosia, Panelefsiniakos,|
|1||AEL Limassol, A.E. Nikaia, APOEL*, Atromitos Piraeus, Chalkida, EPA Larnaca,
Makedonikos, Megas Alexandros Katerinis, Naoussa, Olympiakos Chalkida,
Omonia Nicosia, Pankorinthiakos, Thermaikos, Thrasyvoulos, Kalloni
- APOEL avoided relegation in the 1973–1974 season, but were forced to play in the Cypriot A Division the following season due to the Turkish Invasion of Cyprus. Hence they are the only team to have played a single season in the Greek league and not been relegated.
Top division table (since 1959-60)
This index is an overall record of all match results, points, and goals of every team that has played in Alpha Ethniki and Superleague championships since 1959. The table is accurate as of the end of the 2011–12 season (Top 30 as of the end of 2011–12). Points are based on 3–1–0 and no deductions are counted. Displayed teams with at least 15 appearances. More will be included.
|Pos||Team||Seasons||Points||Played||Won||Drawn||Lost||G.F.||G.A.||G.D.||1||2||3||1st App||Since/Last App||Best|
League or status at 2012–13 in Greek football:
|2012–13 Super League|
|2012–13 Football League|
|2012–13 Football League 2|
|2012–13 Delta Ethniki|
|2012–13 Local Championships|
Per geographic region
All the geographic regions of Greece have been represented by at least one club in the first national division. Attica has had the strongest presence with 21 clubs overall, followed by Macedonia and the Peloponnese. The regions of Epirus and the Ionian islands have been represented by only one club each.
||AEK Athens, Olympiacos Piraeus, Panathinaikos, Panionios, Apollon Athens, Ethnikos Piraeus, Egaleo, Ionikos, Proodeftiki, Athinaikos, Atromitos, Fostiras, Vyzas, Akratitos, Ethnikos Asteras, Kallithea, Panelefsiniakos, Chalkidon Near East, Thrasyvoulos, A.E. Nikaia, Atromitos Piraeus|
||PAOK, Iraklis, Aris, Panserraikos, Doxa Drama, Kavala, Pierikos, Veria, Kastoria, Edessaikos F.C., Megas Alexandros Katerini, Naoussa F.C., Apollon Kalamaria, Thermaikos, Makedonikos|
||Panachaiki, Kalamata, Paniliakos, Panegialios, Korinthos, Asteras Tripoli, Pankorinthiakos|
||Olympiakos Nicosia, AEL Limassol, EPA Larnaca, APOEL, Omonia Nicosia|
||Larisa, Olympiakos Volos, Trikala, Niki Volos|
||Levadiakos, Panetolikos, Chalkida, Olympiakos Chalkida|
||Rodos, Diagoras, Kalloni|
||OFI, Ergotelis, Platanias|
||Skoda Xanthi, Panthrakikos|
At of 2 August 2012, The Greek Superleague ranks 10th in the UEFA coefficient Database, with 31.100 points.
Current national league ranking
- La Liga
- Premier League
- Serie A
- Portuguese Liga
- Ligue 1
- Ukrainian Premier League
- Russian Premier League
- Super League Greece
- Belgian First Division
- Süper Lig
- Cypriot First Division
- Austrian Football Bundesliga
- Danish Superliga
Nova Sports (premium channel) have taken the broadcasting rights for all the teams of the Superleague Greece for €176 million until 2014.
- Greek football champions
- Greek Superleague Top Goalscorer
- Greek Superleague Best Greek Player
- List of sports attendance figures — the Superleague in a global context
- "List of Greek champions" (in Greek). Hellenic Football Federation. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- FOOTBALL LEAGUE - FOOTBALL LEAGUE 2
- "Γεώργιος Καμαράς - Ριζούπολη". Retrieved 10 August 2013.
- "UEFA EUROPA LEAGUE – Season 2010/11". uefa.com. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Asteras Tripolis Stadium". stadia.gr. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Peristeri Stadium". atromitosfc.gr. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Δημοτικό Στάδιο Λιβαδειάς (Livadia Municipal Stadium)". levadiakosfc.gr. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Παρουσίαση γηπέδου ΟΦΗ (Presentation of OFI stadium)" (in Greek). ofifc.gr. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "UEFA CHAMPIONS LEAGUE – SEASON 2011/12". uefa.com. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "AEK Athens face Dundee United without Greek fans". BBC Sport. 25 August 2010.
- "ΔΗΜΟΤΙΚΟ ΣΤΑΔΙΟ ΟΠΑΠ ΚΟΜΟΤΗΝΗΣ (Komotini Municipal Stadium)" (in Greek). panthrakikos.com. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Εθνικό Στάδιο "Ζωσιμάδες" (Zosimades Stadium)" (in Greek). pasgiannina.gr. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Δημοτικό Γήπεδο Περιβολίων (Municipal Stadium Peribolion)" (in Greek). fcplatanias.gr. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- "SKODA XANTHI Arena". skodaxanthifc.gr. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Veria Municipal Stadium" (in Greek). veriafc.gr. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Superleague play-off regulations" (in Greek). Superlaegue Greece. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- Foundoulakis, V. (28 June 2012). "Η επόμενη μέρα του Πλατανιά και η πρόκληση των Περιβολίων (Platanias' next day and Perivolia challenge" (in Greek). Nea TV Crete. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Οι «χαμένοι» τίτλοι του Παναθηναϊκού" (in Greek). gazzetta.gr. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- Kárpáti, Tamás; Schöggl, Hans. "List of Greece championships". RSSSF. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Olympiacos F.C. history". olympiacos.org. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Olympiacos profile". FIFA.com. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Panathinaikos F.C. trophies". pao.gr. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Panathinaikos FC profile". uefa.com. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "AEK honours". aekfc.gr. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- "Ολο το πρωτάθλημα στη Nova". nova.gr News (nova.gr).
- "Τηλεοπτικά: Κεντρική διαχείριση με... πορτοφόλι 168.000.000 ευρώ". makthes.grNews.
- Superleague Greece Official Website
- Superleague Statistics
- Greek Champions (Greek)
- Greek Top Scorers (Greek)
- Superleague 2010–11
- Football scores for Greek Football Leagues