Alpharetta, Georgia

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Alpharetta, Georgia
City
Downtown Alpharetta
Downtown Alpharetta
Location in Fulton County and the state of Georgia
Location in Fulton County and the state of Georgia
Alpharetta is located in Metro Atlanta
Alpharetta
Alpharetta
Location of Alpharetta in Metro Atlanta
Coordinates: 34°04′24″N 84°16′52″W / 34.07333°N 84.28111°W / 34.07333; -84.28111Coordinates: 34°04′24″N 84°16′52″W / 34.07333°N 84.28111°W / 34.07333; -84.28111
Country United States
State Georgia
County Fulton County, Georgia
Incorporated December 11, 1858
Government
 • Mayor David Belle Isle
Area
 • Total 21.4 sq mi (55.4 km2)
 • Land 21.4 sq mi (55.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 1,135 ft (346 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 59,397
 • Density 2,775.5/sq mi (992.6/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 30004, 30005, 30009, 30022
Area code(s) 770, 404, 678
FIPS code 13-01696
GNIS feature ID 0310497[1]
Website Alpharetta, Georgia

Alpharetta is a city located in north Fulton County, Georgia. It is an affluent northern suburb of Atlanta. According to the 2010 census, Alpharetta's population is 57,551.[2]

History[edit]

In the 1830s, the Cherokee people in Georgia and elsewhere in the South were forcibly relocated to the Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) under the Indian Removal Act. Pioneers and farmers later settled on the newly vacated land, situated along a former Cherokee trail stretching from the North Georgia mountains to the Chattahoochee River.[3]

One of the first permanent landmarks in the area was the New Prospect Camp Ground (also known as the Methodist Camp Ground), located beside a natural spring near what is now downtown Alpharetta.[3] It later served as a trading post for the exchanging of goods among settlers.[3]

Known as the town of Milton through July 1858, the city of Alpharetta was chartered on December 11, 1858, with boundaries extending in a 0.5-mile (0.80 km) radius from the city courthouse.[3] It served as the county seat of Milton County until 1931, when Milton County was merged with Fulton County to avoid bankruptcy during the Great Depression.[3]

Government[edit]

Alpharetta is governed by a city council composed of six members and a mayor. The mayor and council members serve staggered four-year terms.

Mayors:

  • David Belle Isle 2012–Present
  • Arthur Letchas 2001–2011
  • Chuck Martin 1995 - 2002
  • Jimmy Phillips 1979 - 1994
  • George Wills
  • Randall Moore
  • Sindey Dees[4]

Geography[edit]

Alpharetta is located at 34°4′24″N 84°16′52″W / 34.07333°N 84.28111°W / 34.07333; -84.28111 (34.073318, −84.281086).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 55.4 km2 (21.4 sq mi), of which 21.4 square miles (55 km2) is land and 0.05% is water.

Major highways[edit]

Climate[edit]

Alpharetta has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).

Climate data for Alpharetta, GA
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 50.4
(10.2)
54.7
(12.6)
63.4
(17.4)
71.5
(21.9)
77.9
(25.5)
85.0
(29.4)
87.1
(30.6)
86.6
(30.3)
80.9
(27.2)
71.6
(22)
62.0
(16.7)
52.9
(11.6)
70.3
(21.3)
Average low °F (°C) 29.6
(−1.3)
32.1
(0.1)
38.6
(3.7)
45.5
(7.5)
54.6
(12.6)
63.6
(17.6)
67.0
(19.4)
66.8
(19.3)
59.5
(15.3)
48.1
(8.9)
38.1
(3.4)
32.0
(0)
48.0
(8.9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.96
(100.6)
5.08
(129)
4.54
(115.3)
3.63
(92.2)
4.28
(108.7)
3.91
(99.3)
4.84
(122.9)
4.54
(115.3)
4.38
(111.3)
3.52
(89.4)
4.15
(105.4)
4.58
(116.3)
51.41
(1,305.7)
Snowfall inches (cm) 0.6
(1.5)
0.2
(0.5)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.9
(2.3)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.8 9.5 9.0 8.0 9.0 8.5 10.2 8.7 6.4 6.4 7.8 9.6 102.9
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.4 0.4 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.0
Source: NOAA [6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 200
1870 126 −37.0%
1880 164 30.2%
1890 256 56.1%
1900 310 21.1%
1910 356 14.8%
1920 379 6.5%
1930 477 25.9%
1940 647 35.6%
1950 917 41.7%
1960 1,349 47.1%
1970 2,455 82.0%
1980 3,128 27.4%
1990 13,002 315.7%
2000 34,854 168.1%
2010 57,551 65.1%
Est. 2012 61,981 7.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
2011 estimate

As of the census of 2000, there were 34,854 people, 13,911 households, and 8,916 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,631.6 people per square mile (630.0/km²). There were 14,670 housing units at an average density of 686.7 per square mile (265.2/km²). The population has been gradually increasing over the last decade. During the workday, the city swells to more than 120,000 residents, workers, and visitors, due to the more than 3,600 businesses that are located in the city.[7]

According to the 2010 census, the racial composition of the city of Alpharetta was as follows:

People of Hispanic or Latino origin, of any race, were 8.7% of the population.

There were 13,911 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, 27.0% of the population was under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 40.5% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $95,888, and the median income for a family was $111,918. The per capita income for the city was $42,431.[8] Males had a median income of $79,275 versus $59,935 for females. About 2.9% of families and 1.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including .3% of those under age 18 and .6% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Major companies[edit]

When NetBank existed, its headquarters were in Alpharetta.[9]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[10] the top private sector employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 McKesson 2,050
2 ADP 1,463
3 LexisNexis 1,289
4 Comcast 1,000
5 UPS 941
6 Hewlett-Packard 906
7 Verizon Wireless 823
8 E-Trade 765
9 Cox Communications 726
10 RedPrairie 672

Retail[edit]

Major retail complexes include North Point Mall. A 86-acre (35 ha) mixed-use development, Avalon, is planned to open in 2014.

Attractions and events[edit]

Wills Park

The Downtown Alpharetta Welcome Center is located at 178 South Main Street and has more than 200 complimentary brochures providing information on the surrounding area. The Center is open Monday — Friday from 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. and Saturday 10 a.m. - 4 p.m.[11]

The Alpharetta Family Skate Center (aka The Cooler) is on 10800 Davis Drive. It is also home to the Atlanta Sparks special needs hockey team.

The Alpharetta Brew Moon Fest is held the first Saturday in October. Come and celebrate on the streets of historic downtown Alpharetta as ABA presents the annual Alpharetta Brew Moon Fest. Brew, wine and delicious food from some of Alpharetta’s best restaurants will be available for sale as the city comes together for one big street party!

The Scarecrow Harvest is held the first Saturday in October in downtown Alpharetta. Alpharetta’s downtown streets are lined with 100 scarecrows to celebrate its fall spirit. Join in on the free family entertainment that includes the country music of High Cotton, games of cornhole, face painting, artsy activities, story-telling and inflatables.

The Alpharetta Arboretum at Wills Park was established in September 2008 and includes 26 trees. A brochure about the arboretum guides readers through a walking tour of the trees and is available at the Downtown Alpharetta Welcome Center.[12] Additionally, the Alpharetta Arboretum at Cogburn Road Park was established in December 2008 and showcases seven trees. A complimentary brochure for the arboretum is available at the Downtown Alpharetta Welcome Center and provides a starting point for a self-guided walking tour.[13]

The Alpharetta Farmers Market is a weekly farmers market in the downtown area that opens every Saturday from 8 AM to 12:30 PM from April to October, and features farmers and gardeners from the surrounding area selling fresh vegetables, flowers, and edible goods such as jam. The market was named "Best Saturday Morning Excursion" in 2007 by Atlanta Magazine.[14]

The Downtown Alpharetta Historic District is located in the center of Alpharetta at the convergence of North Main Street, South Main Street, Milton Avenue, and Academy Street. Around this area are several historic buildings dating from the late 19th century and older. The downtown area has been restored, replacing more modern buildings with period structures, and includes dining, shopping, and widened brick sidewalks.

The Mansell House and Gardens is a 1912 Queen Anne-style home that serves as a special event facility in Alpharetta. It also serves as home to the Alpharetta Historical Society.

The Milton Log Cabin was built by Future Farmers of America students during the 1934-35 school year and resembles life during the late 19th century. The Cabin is available for tours by appointment.

Verizon Wireless Amphitheatre at Encore Park is a 12,000-capacity outdoor venue that serves as the summer home to the Grammy Award-winning Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and plays host to acts like Dave Matthews Band, Rod Stewart and the Eagles.[15]

The Walk of Memories is located at American Legion Post 201 and pays tribute to veterans of the U.S. Armed Forces, community and friends, through a brick walk inscribed with the names of all Georgia residents killed in service including and following WWII. A separate section is reserved for those who served in the military and survived. A tank and helicopter are on display.

The Alpharetta Big Creek Greenway is a 6.1-mile-long (9.8 km), 12-foot-wide (3.7 m) concrete path that meanders through the woods along Big Creek, offering a place to walk, jog, inline skate and bike. The path includes additional mountain bike trails.[16]

The Taste of Alpharetta is an annual food festival featuring food from local restaurants, live music, and art exhibits.

The Wire and Wood Alpharetta Songwriters Festival in downtown Alpharetta is held in October.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

The city is served by Fulton County Schools.[17]

Elementary Schools (Grades K-5)[18]

  • Abbotts Hill Elementary School
  • Alpharetta Elementary School
  • Birmingham Falls Elementary School in Milton
  • Cogburn Woods Elementary School in Milton
  • Crabapple Crossing Elementary School in Milton
  • Creek View Elementary School
  • Hembree Springs Elementary School in Roswell
  • Lake Windward Elementary School
  • Manning Oaks Elementary School
  • Mimosa Elementary School in Roswell
  • New Prospect Elementary School
  • Ocee Elementary School in Johns Creek
  • Summit Hill Elementary School in Milton
  • Midway Elementary School
  • Shiloh Point Elementary School in Cumming
  • Big Creek Elementary in Cumming

Middle Schools (Grades 6-8)[19]

  • Autrey Mill Middle School in Johns Creek
  • Elkins Pointe Middle School in Roswell
  • Haynes Bridge Middle School
  • Holcomb Bridge Middle School
  • Hopewell Middle School in Milton
  • Northwestern Middle School in Milton
  • Taylor Road Middle School in Johns Creek
  • Webb Bridge Middle School
  • Piney Grove Middle School in Cumming
  • Amana Academy,[20] a public charter school in Alpharetta for students in Kindergarten to 8th grade[21]
  • Fulton Science Academy[22] (FSA), a public charter school in Roswell for students in 6th to 8th grade[23]

High Schools (Grades 9-12)[24]

Private schools[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Both Georgia State University and Reinhardt University have satellite campuses located in Alpharetta. Also Georgia Perimeter College has a satellite campus off of Old Milton Parkway.

Public libraries[edit]

Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System operates the Alpharetta Branch.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "City of Alpharetta Website – History". Retrieved 2013-12-16. 
  4. ^ "Alpharetta City Council Minutes from April 17, 2006" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-10-01. 
  7. ^ "Alpharetta.ga.us". Alpharetta.ga.us. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  9. ^ NetBank (January 11, 2001). "NetBank Royal Centre Three, Suite 100 11475 Great Oaks Way Alpharetta, GA 30022". Retrieved February 25, 2011. 
  10. ^ "City of Alpharetta CAFR" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  11. ^ "Alpharetta GA Visitor Bureau Alpharetta Convention and Visitors Bureau". WeGoPlaces.com. 2006-12-03. Retrieved 2012-10-08. 
  12. ^ "Alpharetta Arboretum Inc. receiving state award". Northfulton.com. 2008-09-25. Retrieved 2012-10-08. 
  13. ^ "Travelers Journal". Travelersjournal.com. Retrieved 2012-10-08. 
  14. ^ "Alpharetta Farmers' Market". Alpharettafarmersmarket.com. Retrieved 2012-10-08. 
  15. ^ "Verizon Wireless Amphitheatre at Encore Park". Vzwamp.com. Retrieved 2012-10-08. 
  16. ^ "City of Alpharetta Website || Big Creek Greenway Trail". Alpharetta.ga.us. Retrieved 2012-10-08. 
  17. ^ "Zoning Map : City of Alpharetta". Alpharetta.ga.us. Retrieved October 26, 2008. 
  18. ^ "North Fulton Elementary Schools". Fulton County School System. Retrieved April 17, 2010. 
  19. ^ "North Fulton Middle Schools". Fulton County School System. Retrieved April 17, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Amanaacademy.org". Amanaacademy.org. 1999-12-31. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  21. ^ "Amana Academy". Amana Academy. 1999-12-31. Retrieved 2012-10-08. 
  22. ^ "Fultonscience.org". Fultonscience.org. Retrieved 2012-05-15. 
  23. ^ "FSA". Fultonscience.org. Retrieved 2012-10-08. 
  24. ^ "Highschool map". Fulton County School System. Retrieved April 17, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Auburn Avenue Research Library". Afpls.org. Retrieved 2012-10-08. 

External links[edit]