Alpheus Spring Packard

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This article is about the scientist. For his father the educator, see Alpheus Spring Packard, Sr..
Alpheus Spring Packard, Jr.
PSM V33 D156 Alpheus Spring Packard.png
Packard circa 1888
Born (1839-02-19)February 19, 1839
Brunswick, Maine
Died February 14, 1905(1905-02-14) (aged 65)
Nationality USA
Fields Entomology
Palaeontology
Institutions Brown University
Alma mater Bowdoin College, 1861

Alpheus Spring Packard, Jr., LL.D. (February 19, 1839 – February 14, 1905) was an American entomologist and palaeontologist. He described over 500 new animal species- especially butterflies and moths- and was one of the founders of The American Naturalist.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was the son of Alpheus Spring Packard, Sr. (1798–1884) and the brother of William Alfred Packard. He was born in Brunswick, Maine and was Professor of Zoology and Geology at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island from 1878 until his death. He was a vocal proponent of the Neo-Lamarckian theory of evolution.

His chief work was the classification and anatomy of arthropods, and contributions to economic entomology, zoogeography, and the phylogeny and metamorphoses of insects. Packard was appointed to the United States Entomological Commission in 1877 where he served with Charles Valentine Riley and Cyrus Thomas.[2] He wrote school textbooks, such as Zoölogy for High Schools and Colleges (eleventh edition, 1904). His Monograph of the Bombycine Moths of North America was published in three parts (1895, 1905, 1915, edited by T. D. A. Cockerell).

Writings by A. S. Packard Jr.[edit]

  • Report on the insects collected on the Penobscot and Alleguash Rivers, during August and September, 1861, Sixth Annual Report of the Secretary of the Maine Board of Agriculture, Augusta, Maine (pp. 373-376) (1861)
  • Guide to the Study of Insects (1869; third edition, 1872)
  • The Mammoth Cave and its Inhabitants (1872), with F. W. Putnam
  • Life-History of Animals (1876)
  • A Naturalist on the Labrador Coast (1891)
  • Lamarck, the Founder of Evolution: His Life and Work (1901), French translation, 1903.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cockerell, T.D.A. (1920). "Biographical Memoir of Alpheus Spring Packard 1839-1905". Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences 9: 181–236. 
  2. ^ Annual report - Entomological Society of Ontario By Entomological Society of Ontario, Ontario. Dept. of Agriculture (1877)

External links[edit]