Alphonse "Big Boy" Caprice
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|Alphonse "Big Boy" Caprice|
Al Pacino as "Big Boy" Caprice in the 1990 film adaptation
|Publisher||Tribune Media Services|
|First appearance||October 11, 1931|
|Created by||Chester Gould|
Big Boy made his first published (though apparently not chronological) appearance in Dick Tracy's second Sunday strip (October 11, 1931). In that self-contained story, Tracy, already a member of the police department's detective bureau, leads a raid on Big Boy's nightclub in order to arrest the mobster, and is able to thwart Big Boy's escape.
On October 12, 1931, the daily strip began its run. Big Boy was the main villain in the first published daily serial of the strip. His minions rob and murder Emil Trueheart right in front of his family and Tracy, and kidnap Tess Trueheart, Tracy's girlfriend. In response, Tracy joins the Detective Bureau and becomes the thorn in the gangster's side. The events in this daily story apparently predate the events depicted in the Sunday strip of the previous day. The Sunday strips and daily strips continued to run separately for the first few months of the feature.
Big Boy was featured in several different daily continuities and Sunday stories during the early years of the strip, becoming Gould's most frequently recurring villain, and during those early years was a sort of "gray eminence" behind virtually all the criminal activity Tracy was constantly thwarting, even in stories in which he wasn't the featured villain.
In later comics 
The character eventually faded away until the 1970s, when Max Allan Collins revived him for one last story. By this time, Big Boy's power had faded considerably from an autocratic boss to merely one of a criminal ruling elite committee known as The Apparatus. Furthermore, his health declined seriously, to the point that he was terminally ill.
Determined to have his revenge on Tracy for ruining his power base, Big Boy creates an open contract, an offer of one million dollars to anyone who kills Tracy. As a result, Tracy is repeatedly attacked by amateurs. As Tracy and his partners, Sam Catchem and Lizz, take precautions and investigate, a professional criminal bomber, "Little" Lettel, makes his own attempt with a car bomb. Moon Maid, Tracy's daughter-in-law and the wife of Tracy's adopted son, Junior, is killed by the bomb.
As evidence piles up that the attempts on his life are Mob-related, Tracy publicly announces that he is taking command of the Organized Crime Unit to retaliate. This prompts the Apparatus board to confront Big Boy and tell him that they will not tolerate something so brazen with such serious consequences as attempting to murder police officers. To stop the contract since threatening a dying man is useless, the Apparatus sets up their own one million dollar contract on anyone who collects on Big Boy's.
With the contract neutralized, Big Boy resorts to an elite hitman, the Iceman, to murder Tracy. With the promise of a foreign home to escape the Apparatus' reprisal on top of the million, Iceman makes his attempt and eventually fails. Fatally wounded, Iceman tells Tracy about Big Boy's machinations.
Tracy comes to Big Boy's home to arrest him for murder. Upon hearing of Tracy's arrival and intentions, the ganglord flies into a fit of rage that ultimately kills him.
Other media 
In the 1990 film adaptation of the comic strip, Big Boy is played by Al Pacino in an Academy Award-nominated performance. It is in this film that Big Boy is first referred to as "Alphonse 'Big Boy' Caprice." The "Caprice" name has never been used in the comic strip. The movie character is physically very different from the comic strip character.
In the film, Big Boy Caprice is the former protégé of crime lord Lips Manlis (Paul Sorvino), whom he eventually murders after rising to power. His criminal empire spreads through the city like cancer, prompting Tracy (Warren Beatty) to make the diminutive gangster's destruction his own personal mission. Caprice's moll, Breathless Mahoney (Madonna), takes a sexual interest in Tracy; for his part, Tracy is tempted by the smoldering femme fatale, even though he is faithful to longtime girlfriend Tess Trueheart.
By the end of the film, Tracy has unraveled Caprice's empire, with help from a mysterious, faceless vigilante called "The Blank". Caprice kidnaps Tess, and holds her hostage in a tower containing the operating machinery of a drawbridge. The Blank, who is Breathless, tries to kill Caprice, however Caprice fatally shoots her. Tracy's punch knocks Caprice over a ledge and into the gears of the bridge. He then rescues Tess, whom Caprice had tied to other gears.