Alpina

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For other uses, see Alpina (disambiguation).
Alpina Burkard Bovensiepen GmbH
Type Public, GmbH
Industry Automotive
Founded 1965
Headquarters Buchloe, Germany
Key people Burkard Bovensiepens
Products Automobiles
Parent BMW
Website alpina-automobile.de

Alpina Burkard Bovensiepen GmbH is an automobile manufacturing company based in Buchloe, in the Ostallgäu district of Bavaria, Germany selling their own cars, based on BMW cars.

Alpina works closely with BMW and their processes are integrated into BMW's production lines, thus Alpina is recognized by TÜV as an automobile manufacturer, in contrast to other performance specialists which are aftermarket tuners. For instance, the Alpina B7 is produced at the same assembly line in Dingolfing, Germany, along with BMW's own 7-Series. For the 2011 model year, the B7's twin-turbo 4.4-litre BMW V8 is assembled by hand at Alpina's facility in Buchloe, Germany, before being shipped to BMW for installation, and the assembled vehicle is then sent back to Alpina for finishing touches.[1][2]

History[edit]

BMW Alpina 3.0 CSL (1974), driven by Helmut Koinigg

The beginnings of Alpina found its roots in 1962 as the Weber dual carburetor was developed for the new BMW 1500. The company would not be officially founded until a few years later as the Weber dual carburetor came to completion and was certified around 1964 by BMW, receiving praise from the chief of sales, Paul Hahnemann.

Alpina was founded by Burkard Bovensiepen (b. 1936) in 1965 as Burkard Bovensiepen KG in Kaufbeuren, Bavaria in southern Germany. The original name can be traced to Dr. Rudolf Bovensiepen, his father, whose company produced office machinery.

Although Alpina started by producing typewriters, the original Alpina ceased to exist at the end of the 1960s in their attempt to move into the textile industry. In 1965, Burkard established a BMW tuning business, following his success with investments in the stock market. He started the tuning business in an outbuilding of the original Alpina typewriter factory. The company worked on carburetors and revised cylinder heads. By 1970, with seventy employees, the original facility changed locations from Kaufbeuren to Buchloe.

The name Alpina would come to be amplified and recognized on new levels in 1967 with the inception its current and ever-enduring company logo and trademark.

Between 1968 and 1977, Alpina cars did very well in competition. The highlight was in 1970, when the team's cars won the European Touring Car Championship, the German Hillclimb Championship, rally and track racing championships and the prestigious Spa 24 Hours.

Alpina officially withdrew from racing in 1988 because of capacity limitations and restrictions. Tied to this was the decision to begin production on a new set of BMW Alpina automobiles.[3]

Brand distinctions[edit]

Since the late 1970s Alpina has been recognized by TÜV as an automobile manufacturer, thus Alpina-built cars are branded and registered as Alpina instead of BMW, although an Alpina can be bought and serviced at local BMW dealerships, and covered if there is a warranty issue.

Distinctive features of Alpina vehicles are 20 spoke alloy wheels, "Alpina Blue" patented metallic paint, in addition to expensive interior materials used to fabricate the exclusive interior appointments. A typical blue and green pattern (same as in the logo) is often used on interior parts such as stitchings on leather and different fabrics used in the upholstery. A thin, almost pinstripe like outside body decor set in gold or silver is also a trademark of Alpina cars. A metal plate inside also proves the heritage and the serial number of the car.

Compared to cars from BMW's in-house motorsport-rooted subsidiary, BMW M, Alpina's vehicles have more emphasis on luxury, higher torque, and have automatic transmissions instead of manual or semi-automatic transmissions.[4] For instance, regarding the high performance variants of the BMW E60 5-Series, the B5 offers a different take on performance and how to accomplish it. Unlike BMW M's own M5 which has a naturally aspirated, high-revving 5.0L V10, the Alpina B5 uses a supercharged 4.4L V8 which produces similar horsepower and remarkably greater torque at lower rpm.

Current lineup[edit]

Alpina D3 Biturbo
  • ALPINA D3 Bi-Turbo Sedan / Touring and Coupe based on the BMW E90/E91/E92 with 123d engine - 214 PS (157 kW; 211 hp) / 450 N·m (332 lb·ft)
  • ALPINA B3 S Bi-Turbo Sedan / Touring / Coupe and Cabrio: based on the BMW E90/E91/E92/E93 335i 400 PS (294 kW; 395 hp) / 400 N·m (295 lb·ft). This model can be ordered with RWD or AWD.
  • ALPINA D5 Bi-Turbo Sedan/Touring: based on the BMW F10/F11 5 Series - featuring a 3 L straight 6 Bi-Turbo engine, delivering 350 PS (257 kW; 345 hp) 700 N·m (516 lb·ft).
  • ALPINA B5 Bi-Turbo Sedan/Touring: based on the BMW F10/F11 5 Series - featuring a 4.4 L V8 Bi-Turbo engine, also used in the Alpina B7 507 PS (373 kW; 500 hp) / 700 N·m (516 lb·ft)
  • ALPINA B6 Bi-Turbo Coupé/Convertible: based on the BMW F12/F13 6 Series - featuring a 4.4 L V8 Bi-Turbo engine. 540 PS (397 kW; 533 hp) / 730 N·m (538 lb·ft)
  • ALPINA B7 Bi-Turbo: based on the BMW F01 7 Series - featuring a 4.4 L V8 Bi-Turbo engine 507 PS (373 kW; 500 hp) / 700 N·m (516 lb·ft)[5][6]
  • ALPINA B6 xDrive Gran Coupe: based on the BMW F06[7]

Alpina B7[edit]

At the present, the only Alpina car offered in the USA has been the Alpina B7.[8] The B7 is produced at the same assembly line in Dingolfing, Germany, along with BMW's own 7-Series.

BMW permitted Alpina to produce a high-performance version of its flagship 7-Series, however they did not want it to be a high-revving, BMW M version (which would have been known as a "BMW M7" under the current nomenclature). It has also been suggested that there was no market for an M7 that would have featured the BMW M's trademark high-rev engine and twin-clutch automated manual transmission, and most customers who desired a performance option in the 7 Series would have gone for the V12-engined BMW 760Li.[9]

Competitors include the Mercedes-Benz S63 AMG and Audi S8.[6]

E65 B7[edit]

For the E65 7-Series generation, the Alpina B7 was widely credited with being able to hold its own against top performing offerings from Mercedes (including AMG) such as the S600 and S63 AMG, Audi (particularly quattro's Audi S8), the Bentley Flying Spur, and Jaguar XJ Supercharged, while BMW's own top-of-the-line V12 760Li was considered uncompetitive.[10]

The E65 B7 uses a supercharged version of the 4.4-litre V8 found in the BMW 745i as the 750i and its 4.8-litre engine were not around when development began.[10] The 760Li's naturally aspirated 6.0-litre V12 was deemed too heavy to have a sporty offshoot.[4][11][12] The 2011 Alpina B7, with its twin-turbo 4.4-litre V8 engine and 6-speed automatic transmission, is less expensive and yet faster than its F01 stablemate, the 2010 BMW 760Li powered by a twin-turbo 6.0-litre V12 mated to an 8-speed automatic transmission. The B7's engine, derived from the BMW N63 that is found in the standard BMW lineup, matches the BMW 750i in fuel economy despite increased performance, plus its lighter weight than the 760Li's V12 engine gives the B7 considerably better weight distribution and handling than the 760Li.[1][2]

BMW of North America, LLC offered 800 Alpina B7s as limited edition models for 2007 and 2008, which all quickly sold out.[8]

F01/F02 B7[edit]

2013 Alpina B7, based on the F02 model BMW. Lightly facelifted for 2013.

The F01 B7 will be offered again for the 2011 model year in the USA, with approximately 500 vehicles (half of the annual production of the B7) with a choice of rear-wheel drive or all-wheel drive and/or a standard or long wheelbase (the B7, B7 L (long wheelbase), B7 xDrive (all-wheel drive), and B7 L xDrive), otherwise all configurations have the same equipment.[2][13] Roughly 80 models will be sold in Canada, all of the xDrive variety due to that country's winter weather.[9]

The B7's twin-turbo 4.4-litre V8 is assembled by hand at Alpina's facility in Buchloe, Germany, before being shipped to BMW for installation, and the assembled vehicle is then sent back to Alpina for finishing touches.[1][2] It is based upon BMW's twin-turbo V8 but produces considerable more torque and horsepower, albeit with some turbo lag due to the larger turbos, yet more measured throttle mapping makes the B7 smoother than a stock BMW 750i.[14]

While BMW uses run-flat tires for its 7 Series, the B7 comes with non-reinforced tires with a tire repair kit for emergencies. By using conventional, softer-sidewalled tires, compared to the reinforced sidewalls of run-flats, Alpina engineers were able to stiffen the B7's suspension for better handling and still improve the ride quality over that of a stock BMW 750i.[9]

For the 2013 model year, the Alpina B7 received similar updates to the rest of the 7 Series lineup, including an 8-speed automatic transmission, while its engine adds Valvetronic and now produces 540 hp and 538 pound-feet of torque, which is good for a 0 to 100 km time of just 4.3 seconds and a top speed of 300 km/h. Compared to BMW M's version of the 4.4L twin-turbo engine (such as found in the F10 BMW M5), Alpina's engine has 20 hp less but more maximum torque which is also available at a lower rpm.[9]

The 2013 Alpina B7 handles better than BMW's own 760Li V12.[15]

Alpina B3 GT3[edit]

To celebrate Alpina's victory in the 2011 ADAC GT Masters with an Alpina B6 GT3, Alpina decided to produce a limited run of the Alpina B3 S Bi-Turbo, called the Alpina B3 GT3.[16] Modifications on the exhaust system (especially developed in collaboration with Akrapovic) increased power to 300 kW (408 PS; 402 bhp). The brake system and suspension are upgraded and designed for intensive usage.

But the most noticeable is the exterior: The B3 GT3 sports a carbon fibre rear wing, a special front splitter and 19" lightweight Alpina GT3 Classic wheels, painted in Himalaya Grey. The B3 GT3 is available in Black Sapphire metallic, Mineral White metallic, Alpina Blue metallic or with a full body vinyl wrap in the official GT3 design. The car can be ordered with an extra set of lightweight wheels (also 19" Alpina GT3 Classic, but equipped with Michelin Pilot Sport Cup+ tyres) for use on the track.

Only 99 units will be produced.

Previous models[edit]

Petrol engines[edit]

Alpina Previous Models (Petrol engines)[17][18]
Alpina model BMW donor model Alpina Engine Power Torque Production
A1/3 E21 320 A1/3 90 kW (122 PS; 121 bhp) @ 5800 170 N·m (130 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1975–1977
A2/3 E21 320 A2/3 112 kW (152 PS; 150 bhp) @ 6900 173 N·m (128 ft·lbf) @ 5500 1975–1977
A4/3 E21 320i A4/3 119 kW (162 PS; 160 bhp) @ 6700 180 N·m (130 ft·lbf) @ 5500 1976–1977
A4S/3 E21 320i A4S/3 125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) @ 6700 180 N·m (130 ft·lbf) @ 5500 1976–1977
C1 2,3 E21 323i C1 125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) @ 6000 210 N·m (150 ft·lbf) @ 4500 1980–1983
B6 2,8 E21 323i B6 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) @ 6200 248 N·m (183 ft·lbf) @ 4500 1978–1981
B6 2,8 E21 323i B6 160 kW (218 PS; 215 bhp) @ 6000 265 N·m (195 ft·lbf) @ 5000 1981–1983
C1 2,3 / 1 E30 323i C1/1 125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) @ 6000 225 N·m (166 ft·lbf) @ 5000 1983–1985
C1 2,5 E30 325i C2/3 140 kW (190 PS; 188 bhp) @ 5800 235 N·m (173 ft·lbf) @ 5000 1983–1985
C2 2,5 E30 325i C2 136 kW (185 PS; 182 bhp) @ 5800 246 N·m (181 ft·lbf) @ 4800 1986-1986
C2 2,7 E30 325i C2/1 154 kW (209 PS; 207 bhp) @ 5800 267 N·m (197 ft·lbf) @ 4500 1986–1987
C2 2,7 E30 325i C2/2 149 kW (203 PS; 200 bhp) @ 6000 265 N·m (195 ft·lbf) @ 4800 1987-1987
B3 2,7 E30 325i C2/2 150 kW (204 PS; 201 bhp) @ 6000 265 N·m (195 ft·lbf) @ 4800 1987–1992
B6 2,8 / 1 E30 323i/325i B6/2 154 kW (209 PS; 207 bhp) @ 6100 270 N·m (200 ft·lbf) @ 5000 1984–1986
B6 3,5 E30 323i/325i B10/2 192 kW (261 PS; 257 bhp) @ 6000 346 N·m (255 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1985–1987
B6 3,5 E30 325i B10/3 187 kW (254 PS; 251 bhp) @ 5900 320 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1986–1987
B6 3,5 E30 325i B10/5 187 kW (254 PS; 251 bhp) @ 5900 320 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1987–1990
B6 3,5 S E30 M3 B10/5 187 kW (254 PS; 251 bhp) @ 5900 320 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1987–1990
B6 2,8 E36 325i E1 177 kW (241 PS; 237 bhp) @ 5900 293 N·m (216 ft·lbf) @ 4700 1992–1993
B3 3,0 E36 325i E3 184 kW (250 PS; 247 bhp) @ 5700 320 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4400 1993–1996
B3 3,2 E36 328i E4 195 kW (265 PS; 261 bhp) @ 5800 330 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4400 1996–1999
B8 4,6 E36 328i F2/1 245 kW (333 PS; 329 bhp) @ 5700 470 N·m (350 ft·lbf) @ 3900 1995–1998
B3 3,3 E46 328i E4/4 206 kW (280 PS; 276 bhp) @ 6200 335 N·m (247 ft·lbf) @ 4500 1999–2002
B3 3,3 ALLRAD E46 330ix E4/8 206 kW (280 PS; 276 bhp) @ 6200 335 N·m (247 ft·lbf) @ 4500 2001–2005
B3 S E46 330i E5/1 224 kW (305 PS; 300 bhp) @ 6300 362 N·m (267 ft·lbf) @ 4800 2002–2006
B3 Bi-Turbo E90/E91/E92/E93 335i K2 265 kW (360 PS; 355 bhp) @ 5500 500 N·m (370 ft·lbf) @ 3800 2007–2010
B3 Bi-Turbo Allrad E90/E91/E92 335xi K2 265 kW (360 PS; 355 bhp) @ 5500 500 N·m (370 ft·lbf) @ 3800 2008–2010
B7 Turbo E12 528i B7 221 kW (300 PS; 296 bhp) @ 6000 462 N·m (341 ft·lbf) @ 3000 1978–1982
B7 S Turbo E12 528i B7S 243 kW (330 PS; 326 bhp) @ 5800 500 N·m (370 ft·lbf) @ 3000 1981–1982
B9 3,5 E28 528i B9 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) @ 5700 320 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1981–1983
B9 3,5 / 1 E28 528i B9/1 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) @ 5700 320 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1983–1985
B7 Turbo / 1 E28 528i/535i B7/1 221 kW (300 PS; 296 bhp) @ 5800 501 N·m (370 ft·lbf) @ 3000 1984–1987
B10 3,5 E28 535i B10 192 kW (261 PS; 257 bhp) @ 5800 346 N·m (255 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1985–1987
B7 Turbo / 1 E28 535i B7/3 235 kW (320 PS; 315 bhp) @ 5700 520 N·m (380 ft·lbf) @ 2400 1986–1987
B10 3,5 / 1 E34 535i B11/3 187 kW (254 PS; 251 bhp) @ 6000 325 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1988–1992
B10 Bi-Turbo E34 535i B7/5 265 kW (360 PS; 355 bhp) @ 6000 520 N·m (380 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1989–1994
B10 3,0 ALLRAD E34 525ix E3/1 170 kW (231 PS; 228 bhp) @ 5800 312 N·m (230 ft·lbf) @ 4200 1993–1996
B10 4,0 E34 540i F1 232 kW (315 PS; 311 bhp) @ 5800 410 N·m (300 ft·lbf) @ 4600 1993–1996
B10 4,6 E34 540i F2 250 kW (340 PS; 335 bhp) @ 5700 480 N·m (350 ft·lbf) @ 3900 1994–1996
B10 3,2 E39 528i E4/3 191 kW (260 PS; 256 bhp) @ 5900 330 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4300 1997–1998
B10 3,3 E39 528i E4/5 206 kW (280 PS; 276 bhp) @ 6200 335 N·m (247 ft·lbf) @ 4500 1999–2003
B10 V8 E39 540i F3 250 kW (340 PS; 335 bhp) @ 5700 470 N·m (350 ft·lbf) @ 3900 1997–1998
B10 V8 E39 540i F4 255 kW (347 PS; 342 bhp) @ 5700 480 N·m (350 ft·lbf) @ 3700 1998–2002
B10 V8 S E39 540i F5 276 kW (375 PS; 370 bhp) @ 5800 510 N·m (380 ft·lbf) @ 3800 2002–2004
B5 E60/E61 545i H1 368 kW (500 PS; 493 bhp) @ 5500 700 N·m (520 ft·lbf) @ 4250 2005–2007
B5S E60/E61 550i H2 390 kW (530 PS; 523 bhp) @ 5500 725 N·m (535 ft·lbf) @ 4750 2007–2010
B7 Turbo Coupé E24 630CSi B7 221 kW (300 PS; 296 bhp) @ 6000 462 N·m (341 ft·lbf) @ 2500 1978–1982
B7 S Turbo Coupé E24 635CSi B7S 243 kW (330 PS; 326 bhp) @ 5800 500 N·m (370 ft·lbf) @ 3000 1982-1982
B9 3,5 Coupé E24 635CSi B9 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) @ 5700 320 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1982-1982
B9 3,5 Coupé / 1 E24 635CSi B9/1 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) @ 5700 320 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1982–1985
B7 Turbo Coupé / 1 E24 635CSi B7/2 243 kW (330 PS; 326 bhp) @ 5700 512 N·m (378 ft·lbf) @ 2400 1984–1987
B10 3,5 Coupé E24 635CSi B10 192 kW (261 PS; 257 bhp) @ 6000 346 N·m (255 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1985–1987
B7 Turbo Coupé / 1 E24 635CSi B7/3 235 kW (320 PS; 315 bhp) @ 5700 520 N·m (380 ft·lbf) @ 2400 1986–1988
B6 E63/E64 650i H1 368 kW (500 PS; 493 bhp) @ 5500 700 N·m (520 ft·lbf) @ 4250 2006–2008
B11 3,5 E32 735i B11 184 kW (250 PS; 247 bhp) @ 5700 330 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1987-1987
B11 3,5 E32 735i B11/1 176 kW (239 PS; 236 bhp) @ 5700 310 N·m (230 ft·lbf) @ 4500 1987-1987
B11 3,5 E32 735i B11/3 187 kW (254 PS; 251 bhp) @ 6000 325 N·m (240 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1987–1993
B11 4,0 E32 740i F1 232 kW (315 PS; 311 bhp) @ 5800 410 N·m (300 ft·lbf) @ 4600 1993–1994
B12 5,0 E32 750i D1 257 kW (349 PS; 345 bhp) @ 5300 470 N·m (350 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1988–1994
B12 5,7 E-KAT E38 750i D3 285 kW (387 PS; 382 bhp) @ 5200 560 N·m (410 ft·lbf) @ 4100 1995–1998
B12 6,0 E-KAT E38 750i D3/2 316 kW (430 PS; 424 bhp) @ 5400 600 N·m (440 ft·lbf) @ 4200 1999–2001
B7 E65/E66 745i H1 368 kW (500 PS; 493 bhp) @ 5500 700 N·m (520 ft·lbf) @ 4250 2003–2008
B12 5,0 Coupé E31 850i/850Ci D1/1 257 kW (349 PS; 345 bhp) @ 5300 470 N·m (350 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1990–1994
B12 5,7 Coupé E31 850CSi D2 306 kW (416 PS; 410 bhp) @ 5400 570 N·m (420 ft·lbf) @ 4000 1992–1996
Roadster Limited Edition Z1 C2/6 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) @ 6000 261 N·m (193 ft·lbf) @ 4900 1990–1991
Roadster V8 Limited Edition E52 Z8 F5 280 kW (381 PS; 375 bhp) @ 5800 520 N·m (380 ft·lbf) @ 3800 2002–2003
Roadster S E85 Z4 E5/2 221 kW (300 PS; 296 bhp) @ 6300 362 N·m (267 ft·lbf) @ 4800 2003–2005

Alpina C2[edit]

An interesting variant of the M20 engine was Alpina's C2. The first C2 combined the wider bore of the M20B25 with the slightly larger crankshaft of an M20B23, to create a torquier engine of 2,552 cc. This version put out 185 PS (136 kW) and 265 N·m (195 lb·ft), 74 units were built between 1985 and 1988.[19]

The larger yet 2.7 litre unit was introduced in February 1986 in uncatalyzed C2/1 form.[19] This engine, sharing the dimensions of the M20B27, develops a whopping 210 PS (154 kW) at 5,800 rpm and shows what the engine was really capable of.[20] Originally installed in the E30-based Alpina C2 2.7, with available four-wheel drive, the catalyzed C2/2 appeared in the interim C2 2.7 Kat in March 1987. This was then renamed "B3 2.7" five months later, by which time the "C2" labelled cars were discontinued. The B3 2.7 continued to be available until June 1992, in all body variants and drivetrain configurations (excepting automatics) in which the E30 was offered.[19] Around 1988, 26 "B6"-labelled C2-engined E30s were built for export to Japan, where the B6 3.5 had a hard time passing emissions regulations.

B10 BiTurbo[edit]

Alpina B10 BiTurbo

Based on the E34 535i and developed at a cost of $3.2 million, the B10 BiTurbo was introduced at the Geneva Motor Show in March 1989.

To build each B10 BiTurbo powerunit Alpina dismantled a BMW M30 engine, replaced the stock pistons with forged Mahle units, installed two Garrett T25 water-cooled turbochargers, and added a Bosch variable boost control with range of 0.4-0.8 bar, adjustable from the driver's seat. Additional modifications helped raise the horsepower of the stock M30 engine from 155 kW/208 hp at 5700 rpm and 305 Nm/225 lb-ft at 4000 rpm to an impressive 265 kW/360 hp at 6000 rpm and 520Nm/384 lb-ft at 4000 rpm. A Getrag 290 5-speed manual transmission was specified to handle the power.

Modifications to the suspension included Alpina-spec springs and anti-roll bars. Bilstein shocks were used on front and automatic-load levelling units by Fictel & Sachs were used in the rear. Front rotors were large 13.1-inch discs from UK-based Lucas Girling, bigger even than the 12.8-inch pieces found on the E34 M5. Michelin MXX tires were standard as was BMW's Automatic Stability Control (ASC).[21]

The company claimed a 0-100 km/h time of 5.6 sec and a top speed over 290 km/h[22] putting it in the same league as a Ferrari Testarossa. In the September 1991 issue of Road & Track Paul Frere wrote: “For me this is the car … I think this is the best 4-door in the world.”[23] Despite a base price tag of 146,800 DM, nearly twice the price of an E34 M5, the B10 Biturbo became the best-selling single model in Alpina history up until that point. The six year production run beginning in 1989 ended in August 1994 with 507 examples produced. Production ended with the termination of M30 motors by BMW in 1993. The final 50 M30 blocks were shipped to Alpina for use in the final 50 B10 Biturbos.[24]

Diesel engines[edit]

Alpina Previous Models (Diesel engines)
Alpina model BMW donor model Alpina Engine Power Torque Production
D10 BITURBO E39 530d G1 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) @ 4200 500 N·m (370 ft·lbf) @ 3500 2000–2003
D3 E90/E91 320d M47 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) @ 4000 410 N·m (300 ft·lbf) @ 2000 2005–2008

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Elsinore, Bradford (2010-05-20). "2011 BMW 750Li Alpina B7 First Drive". Insideline.com. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  2. ^ a b c d "2011 BMW ALPINA B7 Reviews, Expert Car Reviews on AOL Autos". Autos.aol.com. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  3. ^ "Alpinas Long Enduring Successes". Max Rodgers. 2014-05-17. Retrieved 2014-05-26. 
  4. ^ a b July 2007 BY DAVE VANDERWERP PHOTOGRAPHY BY AARON KILEY. "2007 BMW Alpina B7 - Road Test - Car Reviews". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  5. ^ By  Noah Joseph RSS feed. "Geneva 2009: An M7 by any other name - 2009 BMW Alpina B7 Bi-Turbo". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  6. ^ a b "2011 BMW Alpina B7 First Drive". Motor Trend. 2010-05-19. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  7. ^ Vaughn, Mark (7 July 2014). "To The Max". Autoweek 64 (14): 22–23. 
  8. ^ a b "7-series [E6x]". Alpina-Archive. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Preview: 2013 Alpina B7 offers outrageous performance | Driving | National Post". Life.nationalpost.com. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  10. ^ a b "2007 BMW ALPINA B7 Review by Cars.com Staff". Cars.com. 2007-05-02. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  11. ^ "Chicago 2010: BMW Alpina B7 Sedan Making a Comeback". Nitrobahn.com. 2010-02-11. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  12. ^ "2007 BMW ALPINA B7 Review by Cars.com Staff". Cars.com. 2007-05-02. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  13. ^ "Handler". Bmwusa.com. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  14. ^ Lorio, Joe (2012-08-28). "First Drive: 2013 BMW 7-series". Automobile Magazine. Retrieved 2013-06-08. 
  15. ^ "2013 BMW 750Li, 760Li, and Alpina B7 First Drive". Motor Trend. 2012-08-28. Retrieved 2012-10-07. 
  16. ^ "Official Alpina Website, February 2012". Alpina-automobiles.com. 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  17. ^ "Alpina Typentabelle". Allegos.com. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  18. ^ "Alpina Modellhistorie". Alpina-automobiles.com. 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2012-06-05. 
  19. ^ a b c Ritter, Marc. "Alpina Typentabelle". alpinacars. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. 
  20. ^ Heitz, Rudolf, ed. (1986-08-01). Auto Katalog 1987 (in German) 30. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. p. 212. 
  21. ^ Palevsky, Alexander. "Blown Away". Bimmer Magazine (October 2007): 61–64. 
  22. ^ [1] Alpina company website
  23. ^ The Race to Excellence Alpina company website
  24. ^ Palevsky, Alexander. "Blown Away". Bimmer Magazine (October 2007): 62. 

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