Alpine, New Jersey

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Alpine, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Alpine
Alpine Borough Hall, Post Office & Police station
Alpine Borough Hall, Post Office & Police station
Map highlighting Alpine's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Alpine's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Alpine, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Alpine, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°58′05″N 73°55′02″W / 40.968149°N 73.91715°W / 40.968149; -73.91715Coordinates: 40°58′05″N 73°55′02″W / 40.968149°N 73.91715°W / 40.968149; -73.91715[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated April 8, 1903
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Paul Tomasko (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Clerk Jerry Beckmann[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 23.910 km2 (9.232 sq mi)
 • Land 16.404 km2 (6.411 sq mi)
 • Water 7.307 km2 (2.821 sq mi)  30.56%
Area rank 216th of 566 in state
4th of 70 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 158 m (518 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 1,849
 • Estimate (2013[10]) 1,895
 • Rank 494th of 566 in state
68th of 70 in county[11]
 • Density 111.4/km2 (288.4/sq mi)
 • Density rank 483rd of 566 in state
69th of 70 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07620[12][13]
Area code(s) 201 exchanges: 750, 767, 768, 784.[14]
FIPS code 3400301090[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885139[17][2]
Website www.alpinenj07620.org

Alpine is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. It is a suburb of New York City, located 15 miles (24 km) north of Midtown Manhattan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 1,849,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 334 (-15.3%) from the 2,183 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 467 (+27.2%) from the 1,716 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

In 2012, Forbes ranked Alpine as America's most expensive ZIP code with a median home price of $4.25 million,[19] after being ranked 4th in the magazine's 2010 listing of "America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes", with a median home price of $3,814,885.[20] In 2009, Forbes ranked Alpine first, along with Greenwich, Connecticut, with a median home price of $4.14 million.[21] Alpine was tied with Greenwich for first in both 2006 and 2007 on the ABC News list of most expensive ZIP codes, with a median home sale price of $3.4 million.[22][23]

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Alpine as its 15th best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.[24]

Alpine was formed by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 8, 1903, from portions of Harrington Township. The borough acquired a portion of Cresskill in 1904.[25][26]

Geography[edit]

View south along the Palisades from Ruckman's Point in Palisades Interstate Park

Alpine is located at 40°58′05″N 73°55′02″W / 40.968149°N 73.91715°W / 40.968149; -73.91715 (40.968149,-73.91715). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 9.232 square miles (23.910 km2), of which, 6.411 square miles (16.604 km2) of it was land and 2.821 square miles (7.307 km2) of it (30.56%) was water.[2][1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 268
1910 377 40.7%
1920 350 −7.2%
1930 521 48.9%
1940 626 20.2%
1950 644 2.9%
1960 921 43.0%
1970 1,344 45.9%
1980 1,549 15.3%
1990 1,716 10.8%
2000 2,183 27.2%
2010 1,849 −15.3%
Est. 2013 1,895 [10] 2.5%
Population sources:
1910-1920[27] 1910[28] 1910-1930[29]
1900-2010[30][31][32] 2000[33][34] 2010[7][8][9]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,849 people, 611 households, and 529.1 families residing in the borough. The population density was 288.4 per square mile (111.4 /km2). There were 670 housing units at an average density of 104.5 per square mile (40.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 68.14% (1,260) White, 2.38% (44) Black or African American, 0.05% (1) Native American, 26.07% (482) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.30% (24) from other races, and 2.06% (38) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.81% (89) of the population.[7]

There were 611 households, of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.8% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.4% were non-families. 11.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.24.[7]

In the borough, 22.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 16.0% from 25 to 44, 36.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.2 years. For every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $172,054 (with a margin of error of +/- $23,256) and the median family income was $192,188 (+/- $56,076). Males had a median income of $124,375 (+/- $28,708) versus $56,719 (+/- $21,358) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $107,604 (+/- $18,758). About 2.3% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.[35]

Same-sex couples headed 4 households in 2010, down from the 8 counted in the 2000 Census.[36]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 2,183 people, 708 households, and 623 families residing in the borough. The population density was 343.5 people per square mile (132.5/km2). There were 730 housing units at an average density of 114.9 per square mile (44.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 77.37% White, 1.51% African American, 0.23% Native American, 19.10% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.52% of the population.[33][34]

There were 708 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.0% were non-families. 9.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.24.[33][34]

In the borough the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 20.9% from 25 to 44, 34.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 102.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.[33][34]

The median income for a household in the borough is $130,740, and the median income for a family is $134,068. Males have a median income of $87,544 versus $45,536 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $76,995. 6.2% of the population and 5.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 8.5% are under the age of 18 and 6.4% are 65 or older.[33][34]

Government[edit]

Alpine is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The borough council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government used by Alpine, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council. The council is the borough's legislative body; The mayor can veto ordinances, subject to override by the council.[37]

As of 2013, the mayor of Alpine is Democrat Paul H. Tomasko, whose term of office ends December 31, 2014). Members of the Alpine Borough Council are Council President Vicki Frankel (D, 2015), Michael Cacouris (D, 2015), Paul Garjian (D, 2014), Gayle Gerstein (D, 2013), Sidney Merians (D, 2013) and Joan Ornstein (D, 2014; serving an unexpired term).[38][39][40][41][42][43]

Joan Ornstein was appointed by the Borough Council in February 2012 to fill the vacant seat of her husband Steve, who had died the previous month after being sworn in for a new three-year term of office.[44]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Alpine is located in the 5th Congressional district[45] and is part of New Jersey's 37th state legislative district.[8][46][47] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Alpine had been in the 39th state legislative district.[48]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[49] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[50][51] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[52][53]

The 37th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Loretta Weinberg (D, Teaneck) and in the General Assembly by Valerie Huttle (D, Englewood) and Gordon M. Johnson (D, Englewood).[54] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[55] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[56]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[57] The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014).[58] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[59] As of 2014, Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn),[60] Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee),[61] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge),[62] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes),[63] Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[64] James J. Tedesco, III (D, 2015; Paramus)[65] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[66][67] Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale),[68] Sheriff Michael Saudino (R),[69] Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill)[70][71][57]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,352 registered voters in Alpine, of which 341 (25.2% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 372 (27.5% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 638 (47.2% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[72] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 73.1% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 94.5% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[72][73]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 522 votes here (59.0% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 342 votes (38.6% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 9 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 885 ballots cast by the borough's 1,416 registered voters, for a turnout of 62.5% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[74][75] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 532 votes here (54.0% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 434 votes (44.1% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 8 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 985 ballots cast by the borough's 1,378 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.5% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[76] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 588 votes here (56.1% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 451 votes (43.0% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 8 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 1,048 ballots cast by the borough's 1,394 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.2% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[77][78]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 328 votes here (54.8% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 227 votes (37.9% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 34 votes (5.7% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 3 votes (0.5% vs. 0.5%), among the 599 ballots cast by the borough's 1,347 registered voters, yielding a 44.5% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[79]

Education[edit]

The Alpine Public School is a community school district serving a total of 154 students in Kindergarten through eighth grade as of the 2010-11 school year.[80]

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Tenafly High School in Tenafly as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Tenafly Public Schools under which the Alpine district paid tuition of $14,392 per student for the 2011-12 school year.[81][82]

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[83][84]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and Highways[edit]

The borough had a total of 30.40 miles (48.92 km) of roadways, of which 16.12 miles (25.94 km) are maintained by the municipality, 2.40 miles (3.86 km) by Bergen County and 5.86 miles (9.43 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 6.02 miles (9.69 km) by the Palisades Interstate Parkway Commission.[85]

U.S. Route 9W, the Palisades Interstate Parkway and County Route 502 all pass through Alpine.

Public transportation[edit]

Rockland Coaches provides service along Route 9W to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 9T / 9AT routes and to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal on the 9 and 9A routes.[86][87]

Media[edit]

Alpine is home to the tower and laboratory built by Edwin Howard Armstrong after RCA evicted him from the Empire State Building. Armstrong's experimental FM station, W2XMN, used various frequencies to broadcast from the tower, first on 42.8 MHz; later on 44.1 MHz; and finally on 93.1 MHz in the modern FM band. The laboratory building and the tower still stand; the 400-foot (122-m) tower is home to many two-way radio users, one modern FM station (Fairleigh Dickinson University's WFDU), and backup transmitters for several of New York's television stations. The tower served as a primary tower for the stations after September 11, 2001 when the World Trade Center was destroyed. There was some local opposition to this scheme, but the move was temporary, as the stations affected moved their primary broadcast facilities to the Empire State Building. The original lab building is home to a static display of historic communications equipment and offices; the USA Network cable channel operated from this building in the late 1970s.

Points of interest[edit]

Rio Vista is an upscale neighborhood in the southern section of Alpine. Rio Vista is home to Devil's Tower, a stone clock tower that is claimed to be haunted; it was originally built by sugar baron Manuel Rionda (1854–1943) in order to allow his wife to see New York from the New Jersey side of the Hudson River. The legend has it that when his wife saw him with another woman, she committed suicide by jumping off the tower. After becoming upset over his wife's death, Rionda stopped all work on the tower.[88] In reality Harriet Rionda died of natural causes in 1922 and was interred nearby for approximately 20 years; her coffin was moved to Brookside Cemetery, Englewood. The estate was later sub-divided into 197 housing sites consisting of miles of roadway, infrastructure, and related facilities in the mid-1980s.[89][90]

The New Jersey Section of the Palisades Interstate Park runs the length of Alpine along the top of the New Jersey Palisades and along the Hudson River. The Alpine Boat Basin serves as both a public picnic area and small marina for private boats. The area is a scenic riverfront picnic area and boat basin, plus beach for car-top boat launches (canoe and kayak), with fishing, access to hiking trails and Henry Hudson Drive, restrooms, water, vending machines, and public phones. Alpine Pavilion, an open-air stone picnic pavilion built in 1934 by the Civil Works Administration and available for rental is located here, as well as the historic Blackledge-Kearney House, said to be the site where Lord Cornwallis and his troops landed on November 20, 1776, in their pursuit of the Continental Army following the rout of George Washington's forces in the Battle of New York.[90][91]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Alpine include:

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
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  4. ^ Borough of Alpine Business Office, Borough of Alpine. Accessed April 7, 2011.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 165.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Alpine, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
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  82. ^ Gemignani, Joseph. "Tenafly student registration recount lacks parent cooperation", The Record (Bergen County), June 20, 2011. Accessed Decemebr 3, 2013. "Students from Alpine, which has no high school, may attend Tenafly High under a so-called sending agreement that reimburses Tenafly. When the 2011-12 school budget was adopted, the cost per pupil was put at $14,392, though Trager said that figure has since been increased because Trenton has recalculated the formula to add items like special education."
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  114. ^ Staff. "Jailed Snipes feels the pinch", New York Post, May 16, 2011. Accessed December 24, 2011. "Wesley Snipes has been hurting for cash while serving time for tax evasion. The Blade star is seeking advice from a lawyer on how to refinance his Alpine, NJ, mansion for $1.6 million, a source tells us."
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