| Alpini of the 7th Alpini Regiment
|Active||October 15, 1872 – present|
|Part of||Alpine Corps Command|
|Nickname||Le Penne Nere
("The Black Feathers")
|Patron||San Maurizio, celebrated every September 22nd|
|Motto||Di Qui Non Si Passa!
("Nobody passes here!")
|Anniversaries||October 15th (date of foundation)|
|Engagements||First Italo-Ethiopian War
World War I
Second Italo-Ethiopian War
World War II
War in Afghanistan
|Decorations||9 Croci di Cavaliere dell'O.M.I.
16 Gold Medals of Military Valor
22 Silver Medals of Military Valor
5 Bronze Medals of Military Valor
1 War Cross of Military Valor
2 Bronze Medals of Army Valor
1 Gold Medal of Civil Valor
1 Bronze Medal of Civil Valor
1 Silver Cross for Army Merit
1 Cross for Army Merit.
The Alpini (English: "Alpines") are the elite mountain warfare soldiers of the Italian Army. They are currently organized in two operational brigades, which are subordinated to the Alpini Corps Command. The singular is Alpino ("Alpine").
Formed in 1872, they are the oldest active mountain infantry in the world. Their original mission was to protect Italy's northern mountain border with France and Austria. In 1888 the Alpini were sent to their first mission abroad, in Africa, a continent to which they continued to return for various wars of the Kingdom of Italy. They distinguished themselves during World War I when they fought a three-year-long campaign in the Alps against Austro-Hungarian Kaiserjäger and the German Alpenkorps in what has since become known as the "War in snow and ice". During World War II, the Alpini fought alongside Axis forces principally on the Eastern Front and in the Balkans Campaigns.
Due to the reorganization of the Italian Army after the end of the Cold War in the 1990s, three of five Alpini brigades and many support units were disbanded. Currently, the Alpini are permanently engaged in Afghanistan.
1872 to 1887 
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In 1872, Captain Giuseppe Perrucchetti published a study in the May edition of the journal, Rivista Militare ("Military Review"). In the study he proposed to entrust the defense of the mountain borders of the young Kingdom of Italy to soldiers recruited from these areas, who through their knowledge of the terrain and their connection to the area would be capable and highly motivated to defend it successfully. Perrucchetti drew heavily on the work of Lieutenant General Agostino Ricci, who in 1868 had begun to conduct exercises in the mountains to study the feasibility of a special mountain infantry corps. Five months after Perrucchetti's publications the first 15 Alpini companies were formed by Royal decree nr. 1056. The units became active on October 15, 1872, making the Alpini the oldest active Mountain Infantry in the world.
At first the Alpini were organized as a militia, capable of defending Italy’s northern mountainous borders. Austria's surrender in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 resulted in Italy annexing the province of Venetia, the northern borders of which coincided in large part with the Alpine Arch. Prior to gaining the new northern borders, homeland defense was based on the so-called Quadrilatero strategy. That outdated strategy, however, ignored the geopolitics of the new Italian kingdom - it called for primary defense of the Po Valley region ("Pianura Padana") farther to the southwest, but left the Alpine region undefended (mainly considered a territory unsuitable for military operations).
It was an innovative idea to recruit inhabitants of Italy's mountain valleys - with their superior knowledge of mountain territories and adaptability to Alpine conditions - and then forming them into a special corps. Initially, the mountain regions were divided into seven military districts, each commanded by an officer and home to at least two Alpini companies. At first, each company consisted of 120 men. Soldiers were equipped with the Vetterli 1870 rifle. In 1873 nine additional companies were raised bringing the total to 24 companies. In 1875 the companies doubled in size and were now composed of 250 soldiers and 5 officers, which were then formed into 7 Alpini battalions. Each battalion was named after one of the seats of the seven military districts:
- 1° Cuneo, 2° Mondovi, 3° Torino (Susa), 4° Torino (Chivasso), 5° Como, 6° Treviso, 7° Udine
In 1877, five Alpini mountain artillery batteries were formed and, in the following year, the Alpini had already grown to 36 companies of mountain infantry organized into 10 battalions. On November 1, 1882, the Alpini doubled in size to now 72 companies in 20 Alpini battalions. The 20 battalions and 8 Alpini mountain artillery batteries were now organized into six numbered Alpini regiments and two Alpini mountain artillery brigades. Each battalions was named after the area it was tasked to defend in case of war:
|Regiment||Garrison/HQ||1st Btn.||2nd Btn.||3rd Btn.||4th Btn.|
||Mondovì||Alto Tanaro||Val Tanaro||Val Camonica|
||Bra||Val Pesio||Col Tenda||Val Schio|
||Fossano||Val Stura||Val Maira||Monti Lessini|
||Torino||Val Pellice||Val Chisone||Val Brenta|
||Milan||Val Dora||Moncenisio||Valtellina||Alta Valtellina|
||Conegliano||Val d'Orco||Val d'Aosta||Cadore||Val Tagliamento|
The numbers used earlier to distinguish the battalions were dropped while at the same time the companies were now numbered from 1 to 72. To distinguish the battalions, soldiers and non commissioned officers were issued thread tufts of various colors (called Nappina), which were added to the Cappello Alpino: white for the first, red for the second and green for the third battalion of each regiment. Special and 4th battalions were issued blue tufts. Soldiers of the Mountain Artillery units were issued a green tuft with a black patch in the middle onto which the number of the battery was written in golden numbers.
On June 7, 1883, the "fiamme verdi" (green flames) collar patch was introduced thus making the Alpini officially a specialty within the Italian infantry corps. The Cappello Alpino, with its black raven feather, was also introduced. The distinctive headdress quickly led the Alpinis to be nicknamed "Le Penne Nere" ("Black feathers"). Officers hats replaced the black feather with a white eagle feather. At first the hat was a black felt hat, but with the introduction of the new green-grey uniform in 1910 the hat was changed to the distinctive grey felt hat that is still retained today.
The Alpini were also distinguished by green cuffs on their dark blue tunics and green piping on their light blue/grey trousers. When grey-green service uniforms were introduced for the Alpini in 1906 the distinctive green collar patches and Alpine headdress were retained.
The material, weapons, and equipment of each battalion were stored in the major village of a specific area they were tasked to defend in case of war. Soldiers of a battalion were only recruited from that area. In 1887, the battalions' names were changed from the areas defended to the names of local villages. Therefore, e.g., the Edolo battalion's soldiers were recruited in the vicinity of the village Edolo - where the battalion's arsenal, training ground, and officer's housing were located. This local recruitment led to a strong identification of the population with the Alpini units, as men from the same village were all drafted into the same company, and the companies from one valley were all part of the same battalion.
In 1887 the Ispettorato delle truppe alpine (Alpine Troops Inspectorate) was created in Rome, which took administrative command of all Mountain troops. This led to a reorganization of the Alpini: on August 1, 1887 the 7th Alpini Regiment was formed in Conegliano Veneto receiving two battalions from the 6th regiment. The number of battalions was increased by two to a new total of 22. On November 1, 1887 the 1st Mountain Artillery Regiment was formed in Turin with nine batteries, each equipped with four 75 mm howitzers. The new layout of the Alpini thus was:
|Regiment||Garrison/HQ||1st Btn.||2nd Btn.||3rd Btn.||4th Btn.|
||Mondovì||Ceva||Pieve di Teco||Mondovì|
||Brà||Borgo San Dalmazzo||Vinadio||Dronero|
||Torino||Fenestrelle||Susa I||Susa II *|
||Milan||Morbegno||Tirano||Edolo||Rocca d'Anfo **|
||Conegliano||Feltre||Pieve di Cadore||Gemona|
1888 to 1914 
Although created as a defensive force specializing in Alpine combat, in 1887 the 1° Battaglione Alpini d’Africa (1st African Alpini Battalion) was formed. The battalions four companies were formed from volunteers from all other Alpini battalions. As part of the Corpo Speciale d'Africa (Special African Coprs) the battalion was sent to Eritrea to take revenge for the lost battle of Dogali. The battalion returned on April 27, 1888 to Naples having lost its commanding officer and 13 men to tropical diseases.
Back in Italy in 1888 eight mules were assigned to each Alpini company. The Vetterli 70 rifle was substituted by the newer Vetterli-Vitali mod. 70/87 rifle. Also with a general reorganization of the Italian militia system it was decided to assign 38 Alpini companies and 15 mountain batteries to active units of the Regio Esercito (Royal Italian Army). In 1892 the Alpini were the first troops to be issued with the new Mod. 91 rifle, which was replaced in 1897 by the Mod. 91TS version and remained in service until 1945.
When the tensions between Italy and Abyssinia escalated into the First Italo–Abyssinian War the 1° Battaglione Alpini d’Africa was reformed and sent again to Eritrea. It was to become the first Alpini unit to engage in combat. Also four batteries from the 1st Mountain Artillery Regiment were sent to Eritrea to augment the four brigades there under command of Oreste Baratieri. The battalions first engagement was on March 1, 1896 in the Battle of Adowa in which it was badly mauled by superior numbers of Abyssinian troops. Over 400 of the battalions 530 men died including the commanding officer Lt. Col. Menini. After the battle the first Medaglia d'oro al valor militare (Gold medal for military valor) was awarded to a member of the Alpini corps: Capitan Pietro Cella and his Alpini from the 4th company occupied and held Amba Rajo (Rajo mountain) until March 2, thus securing the escape of the remnants of the beaten Italian Army. Capitan Cella and all his men died and for this sacrifice he was awarded the Medaglia d'oro al valor militare. After this disaster an Alpini expeditionary regiment with 5 battalions was formed and sent to Eritrea on March 7, 1896, but it saw little combat and was repatriated in June of the same year.
During the 1900 Boxer Rebellion, a Mountain Artillery Battery was sent to China as part of the international relief force that lifted the siege of the International Compound in Beijing and afterwards remained on garrison duty in Tianjin until the end of 1901. On November 13, 1902 after a brief period of experimentation with skis the Alpini began to form specially equipped and trained Compagnie Sciatori (Skiing Companies). After a heavy earthquake on September 8, 1905 in the Calabria region of Southern Italy Alpinis are sent south for three months to assist in the clearance and reconstruction efforts. The same happened in 1908 after the devastating Messina earthquake.
The year 1909 saw a massive expansion of the Alpini. On July 15 the 2nd Mountain Artillery Regiment regiment was formed in Vicenza with four artillery groups and a total of 12 batteries. Already in 1908 two new battalions, the Tolmezzo and Pallanza (renamed Intra in 1909) had been formed and assigned to the 7° respectively the 4° regiment. On October 1, 1909, the “Tolmezzo” and "Gemona" battalions from the 7th Alpini regiment, along with the newly raised Cividale battalion became the three battalions of new 8th Alpini Regiment, which was stationed in the city of Udine. The first commander of the 8th Alpini regiment became Col. Antonio Cantore, who would become a legend to the Alpini during World War I. With the formation of the 8th regiment the Alpini now compromised 25 battalions in 8 regiments, 2 mountain artillery regiments, with 24 batteries organized in 8 groups and 75 reserve companies organized in 22 battalions. The reserve battalions were named after the valleys from where its soldiers, former Alpinis, were recruited (so called Valle battalions).
|Regiment||Garrison/HQ||1st Btn./Grp.||2nd Btn./Grp.||3rd Btn./Grp.||4th Btn./Grp.|
In 1910 the last pre-war Alpini battalion was raised: the Belluno in the city of the same name.
When Italy declared war on Turkey in 1911 with the aim to conquer Libya Alpini units were once again assigned to desert combat. From 1911 until 1914, the battalions Saluzzo, Mondovi, Ivrea, Verona, Tolmezzo, Feltre, Susa, Vestone, Fenestrelle and Edolo along with the artillery groups Torino-Susa, Mondovì and Vicenza are employed for various durations in Libya. The first units to be sent to Libya were the Saluzzo (25 October 1911), Mondovì (3 November 1911), Ivrea (3 November 1911) and Verona (16 December 1911) battalions. When the unexpectedly stubborn Turkish resistance led to an embarrassingly slow advance of the Italian forces, reinforcements were sent to Libya. On October 18, 1912 Turkey and Italy signed the Treaty of Lausanne ending the war between their two nations, but Italy now faced a full scale rebellion by the local population and required more troops than during the war to suppress it. Therefore in October 1912 the Tolmezzo, Feltre, Susa, Vestone were sent to Libya and formed in Zanzur the 8° Reggimento Alpini Speciale (8th Special Alpini Regiment) under the command of Colonel Antonio Cantore. The last Alpini unit to leave Libya was the Feltre battalion. It arrived in Italy in August 1914, while in Libya the Bedouin rebellion continued unabated.
World War I 
During World War I the 26 peacetime Alpini battalions were increased by 62 battalions and saw heavy combat all over the alpine arch. During the war years the Alpini regiments consisted of the following battalions (the pre-war raised battalions are in bold; their first line reserve battalions, named after valleys (in Italian: Val or Valle) and their second line reserve battalions, named after mountains (in Italian: Monte) drawn from the same recruiting areas as the original battalions follow below the pre-war battalions):
Most of the above battalions were regular Alpini battalions, while some were units raised for special tasks: in example the Monte Marmolada battalion was a Skiing battalion tasked with combat on the Marmolada glacier.
The Alpini battalions were divided in 233 companies of 100 to 150 men each. The Alpini regiments were never sent into battle as a whole, instead single companies and battalions were given specific passes, summits or ridges to guard and defend on their own.
The war has become known as the "War in snow and ice", as most of the 600 km frontline ran through the highest mountains and glaciers of the Alps. 12 meters (40 feet) of snow were a usual occurrence during the winter of 1915/16 and thousands of soldiers died in avalanches. The remains of these soldiers are still being uncovered today. The Alpini, as well as their Austrian counterparts: Kaiserschützen, Standschützen and Landeschützen occupied every hill and mountain top around the whole year. Huge underground bases were drilled and blown into the mountainsides and even deep into the ice of glaciers such as the Marmolada. Guns were dragged by hundreds of troops on mountains up to 3,890 m (12,760 feet) high. Roads, cable cars, mountain railroads and walkways were built up, through and along the steepest of cliffs. Many of these walkways and roads are still visible today, and many are maintained as Via Ferrata for climbing enthusiasts. In addition, along the former frontline it is still possible to see what is left of hundreds of kilometers of barbed wire.
In this kind of warfare, whoever occupied the higher ground first was almost impossible to dislodge, so both sides turned to drilling tunnels under mountain peaks, filling them up with explosives and then detonating the whole mountain to pieces, including its defenders: i.e. Col di Lana, Monte Pasubio, Lagazuoi, etc.
Climbing and skiing became essential skills for the troops of both sides and soon Ski Battalions and special climbing units were formed. It was during these years that the Alpini, their spirit and their mules became famous, although at the cost of over 12,000 casualties out of a total of 40,000 mobilized Alpinis.
Many of the famous Alpini songs originated during this time and reflect upon the hardships of the "War in Snow and Ice".
World War II 
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After World War I all battalions with the exception the pre-war battalions were dissolved. In 1919 the Alpini gained the 9th Alpini Regiment. In 1935 the fascist government of Italy reorganized its Armed Forces, creating six Alpine divisions and forming two new Alpini regiments: the 11th Alpini Regiment and the 12th Alpini Regiment. The 5 Alpine Division Pusteria formed of the 7th and 11th Alpini regiment was quickly dispatched to Eritrea were it participated in the Italian attack on Abyssinia.
During World War II, Italy fielded six Alpine divisions:
- 1st Alpine Division Taurinense
- 2nd Alpine Division Tridentina
- 3rd Alpine Division Julia
- 4th Alpine Division Cuneense
- 5th Alpine Division Pusteria
- 6th Alpine Division Alpi Graie
Each division consisted of two Alpini regiments with three battalions each, one Alpine Artillery Regiment with three Artillery groups, one Mixed Engineer Battalion, one Logistic Battalion and some support units. The strength of each division was 573 officers and 16,887 NCOs and soldiers for a total strength of 17,460 men. Also each division had almost 5000 mules and 500 vehicles of various types at its disposal.
The divisions saw combat in France, Africa, Italy, Albania, The Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Greece. One Alpini battalion was employed in East Africa. In 1942, Tridentina, Julia and Cuneense division were sent to fight in the Soviet Union. In Russia, instead of being deployed in the Caucasus mountains as expected, the Alpini were tasked with holding a front on the plains of the Don River. As a result of this disastrous strategic decision, troops armed, trained, and equipped for mountain warfare were pitted in the plains against tanks and mechanized infantry, to counter which they were neither equipped nor trained. Despite this, the Alpini held the front until January 1943, when, due to the collapse of the Axis front, they were encircled by the advancing Soviet Army. The Alpini were able to break the encirclement and fight their way towards the new line of the front established after the Axis retreat. Only about one third of the Tridentina division (4250 survivors of 15000 troops deployed) and one tenth of the Julia (1200/15000) were able to survive this odyssey. The Cuneense division was annihilated.
Cold War 
After World War II the Alpini units were once more tasked with defending Italy's northern borders. On 15 October 1949 the Alpine Brigade Alpine Brigade Julia was activated in Udine; on 1 May 1951 the Alpine Brigade Alpine Brigade Tridentina was activated in Brixen; on 15 April 1952 the Alpine Brigade Alpine Brigade Taurinense was activated in Turin; on 1 January 1953 the Alpine Brigade Alpine Brigade Orobica was activated in Meran and on 1 July 1953 the Alpine Brigade Alpine Brigade Cadore was activated in Belluno. Each brigade recruited its soldiers from specific parts of the mountainous areas of Italy thus creating a strong bond with the local populations. But only in 1972 when the Taurinense joined the IV Army Corps all Alpini, Alpine and Mountain units of the Italian Army were finally under one command.
After the 1976 reform the IV Alpine Army Corps was responsible to defend the Italian border along the main chain of the alps from the Swiss-Austrian-Italian border tripoint in the west to the Italian-Yugoslavian border in the east. In case of war with Yugoslavia the IV Alpine Army Corps would remain static in its position guarding the left flank of the the Italian V Corps, which would meet the enemy forces in the plains of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. The only brigade which would have seen combat in such a case would have been the Julia.
In case of a war with the Warsaw Pact the IV Alpine Army Corps had two war planes: one in the case the Soviet Southern Group of Forces and Hungarian Army would march through Yugoslavia and the other in case the Warsaw Pact would violate the Austrian neutrality and march through Austria. In case the enemy forces would come through Yugoslavia, the Julia would cover the mountainous left flank of the 5th Corps, which with its four armoured and five mechanized brigades would try to wear down the enemy before it could break out into the North Italian Padan plain. The other Alpini brigades would remain static.
In the more likely case the Soviet and Hungarian divisions would invade Austria and march through Southern Styria and through the Drava valley in Carinthia the Alpini brigades would have been the first front line units of the Italian Army: the Julia would have defended the Canal valley, the Cadore would have defended the Piave valley and the Tridentina the Puster valley, while the Orobica had a special mission and the Taurinense would remain in reserve.
After the end of the Cold War, all but the Julia and Taurinense Brigades were dissolved, thus leaving the following Alpini units, that still carry the "fiamme verdi" collar insignia:
- as part of the Alpine Corps Command - COMALP:
- COMALP Support Battalion
- Alpini Formation Centre Aosta Battalion
- 4th Alpini Parachutist Regiment Monte Cervino Battalion (a Special Forces unit)
- "Tridentina" Division Command (without fixed units)
- Alpine Brigade Taurinense:
- Alpine Brigade Julia:
- as part of other Military Commands:
Geographical Distribution 
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Currently an Alpino is equipped with a Beretta SC70/90 assault rifle, usually fitted with an Aimpoint M3 Reddot, a Beretta 92 FS pistol, OD/82SE hand grenades, a Type III AP/98 (they are now slowly being provided with the newest NC4/09 bulletproof vest, fading out the AP/98)) bullet-proof vest and a 3rd generation night vision device.
The squad automatic weapon is the FN Minimi or, alternatively, the Rheinmetall MG3. Supporting fire can be provided also by M2 Browning (0.50") machine gun, the Hirtenberger M6C-210 Commando 60 mm, man-portable light mortar or by the MO-120-RT-61 120 mm heavy mortar.
The anti-tank weapons are the Panzerfaust 3 rocket propelled grenade and the MILAN 2 and TOW II anti-tank guided missiles. The later two will be replaced by the Spike anti-tank guided missile over the next years.
In 1999 the artillery regiments have been issued with the FH-70 howitzer. This has led to a great increase in firepower compared to the previously used OTO Melara Mod 56 pack howitzer, but also reduced their versatility. Indeed they are not designated now as "mountain artillery", but as "Field Artillery (Mountain)" regiments.
Currently the Alpini are being provided with a small number of ARX-160rifles to field-test the designated standard rifle of the Italian Army in harsh and cold environments.
Ranks of the Alpini 
The Alpini share the ranks of the Italian Army but have an additional rank insignia on their Cappello Alpino uniform. All enlisted personnel and junior non-commissioned officers wear no insignia, only officers and senior NCOs wear them and special rank insignia are used by them in the form of chevrons increasing by rank until the rank of Colonel and by silver collar ribbons by general officers.
Enlisted and Junior NCOs - No Insignia
- Caporale - Private E1 (Corporal)
- Caporal Maggiore - Private First Class (Corporal Major)
- Primo caporal maggiore - Lance Corporal (Corporal Maj. 1st Class)
- Caporale maggiore scelto - Corporal (Senior Corporal Major)
- Caporal Maggiore capo - Master Corporal (Chief Corporal Major)
- Caporal Maggiore capo scelto - Lance Sergeant (Senior Chief Corporal Major)
- Sergente - Sergeant
- Sergente maggiore - Staff Sergeant (Sergeant major)
- Sergente maggiore capo - Sergeant First Class
- Maresciallo - Master Sergeant (Marshal): 1 small plain green chevron
- Maresciallo ordinario - First Sergeant (Ordinary marshal): 1 small plain green chevron
- Maresciallo capo - Sergeant Major (Chief Marshal): 1 small plain green chevron
- Primo Maresciallo - Command Sergeant Major (First Marshal): 1 green chevron with red border
- Primo Maresciallo Luogotenente - Sergeant Major of the Army/Warrant officer (First Marshal Lieutenant) : 1 small green chevron with red border and a gold star
Junior and Field Officers
- Sottotenente - Sublieutenant/Second lieutenant : Plain gold small chevron
- Tenente - Lieutenant : Two gold small chevrons with blue border
- Capitano - Captain : Three gold chevrons with two blue borders
- Maggiore - Major: Three gold chevrons with one blue border
- Tenente Colonello - Lieutenant colonel : Four gold chevrons with two blue borders
- Colonello - Colonel : Six gold chevrons with three blue borders
- Generale di Brigata - Brigadier General (Brigade General) : One bright gold star on the silver collar marking
- Generale di Divisione - Major General (Divisional General): Two gold stars on the silver collar marking
- Generale di Corpo d'Armata - Lieutenant General (Corps General): Three gold stars on the silver collar marking
National Alpini Association 
The ANA (Associazione Nazionale Alpini or National Alpini Association) is a registered society representing the "Veci" or former members of the Alpini corps. As the "Veci" see themselves as merely "on leave" rather than veterans, the ANA is colloquially known to be the 10th Alpini Regiment. Since 1920 every year ANA organizes a national reunion the "Veci". Hundreds of thousands of Alpini congregate with family and friends to an Italian city for a weekend in the late spring to celebrate and have a good time while remembering old times.
Hymn of the Alpini Corps 
The Alpini Hymn L'Inno degli Alpini or Trentare - valore Alpino is the official hymn of the Alpini Corps, adapted from an old French mountain song by D'Estel and Travel. As the official anthem of the corps it forms part of the various songs and marches played by the Corps' military bands on parades and concerts, in the latter, the second to the last song to be played before the Italian National Anthem. 
Dai fidi tetti del villaggio i bravi alpini son partiti,
mostran la forza ed il coraggio della lor salda gioventù.
Son dell'Alpe i bei cadetti, nella robusta giovinezza
dai loro baldi e forti petti spira un'indomita fierezza.
Oh valore alpin! Difendi sempre la frontiera!
E là sul confin tien sempre alta la bandiera.
Sentinella all'erta per il suol nostro italiano
dove amor sorride e più benigno irradia il sol.
Là tra le selve ed i burroni, là tra le nebbie fredde e il gelo,
piantan con forza i lor picconi le vie rendon più brevi.
E quando il sole brucia e scalda le cime e le profondità,
il fiero Alpino scruta e guarda, pronto a dare il "Chi va là?"
Repeat Chorus 2x
Alpini in Media 
- Centomila gavette di ghiaccio, a best seller book by Giulio Bedeschi, former medic officer in the Gruppo Conegliano of 3rd Mountain Artillery Regiment (Julia Division) in World War II. This is the most emotional and best describing book about the epic Ritirata di Russia that involved Alpini and other axis units during the 1942/1943 winter.
- Mino, an Italian TV series about the Aosta battalion in World War I
- Il sergente nella neve, a book by Mario Rigoni Stern about the Vestone battalion (Tridentina Division) in World War II
- Mai tardi, a book by Nuto Revelli about the Tirano battalion (Tridentina Division) in World War II
See also 
- Percival Gibbon: FOUGHT TILL DEATH TO DELAY AUSTRIANS; Bersaglieri and Alpini in the Mountains Made Futile von Hoetzendorf's Plans New York Times, December 14, 1917
- Current Alpini structure according to the Italian Army Official Site - accessed April 2007
- Official Site of the National Alpini Association
- "Inno degli Alpini, dal sito ufficiale dell' ANA". Retrieved 11 aprile 2011. "Versione audio dell'Inno". Retrieved 3 dicembre 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Alpini|
- Brief History and pictures
- Site dedicated to Alpini, in Italian
- The war in the Dolomites: men, mountains and battles (in italian)
- Alpine Military School, Aosta