Alsó-Fehér County

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Alsó-Fehér County
Comitatul Alba de Jos
Comitatus Albensis Inferior
Alsó-Fehér vármegye
Unterweißenburger Komitat
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920

Coat of arms of Alsó-Fehér

Coat of arms

Location of Alsó-Fehér
Capital Nagyenyed
46°19′N 23°44′E / 46.317°N 23.733°E / 46.317; 23.733Coordinates: 46°19′N 23°44′E / 46.317°N 23.733°E / 46.317; 23.733
History
 -  Established 1876
 -  Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 -  1910 3,646 km2 (1,408 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 221,618 
Density 60.8 /km2  (157.4 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania
Aiud is the current name of the capital.

Alsó-Fehér was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in western Romania (central Transylvania). The capital of the county was Nagyenyed (Romanian: Aiud).

Geography[edit]

Alsó-Fehér county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Hunyad, Torda-Aranyos, Kis-Küküllő, Nagy-Küküllő, and Szeben. The rivers Maros (Romanian: Mureş) and Küküllő (Romanian: Târnava) flow through the county. Its area was 3580 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

Alsó-Fehér (Lower Fehér) county was formed when the county Fehér was split in the Late Middle Ages. (The other half, Felső-Fehér county, consisted entirely of enclaves between Székely and Saxon seats.) In 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed, the territory of Alsó-Fehér was modified, and Felső-Fehér county was entirely abolished and merged with other counties. In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon assigned the territory of the county to Romania. Its territory lies in the present Romanian counties of Alba, Sibiu (the south-east) and Mureş (a small northeastern part).

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 212,352 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, the county had a population of 202,288 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

In 1910, county had a population of 221,618 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[4]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[5]

Total:

The majority of the Hungarians lived in the cities of the county (like Alba Iulia, Aiud, Abrud, Ocna Sibiului, etc.) and in the districts of Marosújvár and Nagyenyed.

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Alsó-Fehér county were:

Districts (járások)
District Capital
Alvinc Alvinc, RO Vințu de Jos
Balázsfalva Balázsfalva, RO Blaj
Kisenyed Vízakna, RO Ocna Sibiului
Magyarigen Magyarigen, RO Ighiu
Marosújvár Marosújvár, RO Ocna Mureş
Nagyenyed Nagyenyed, RO Aiud
Tövis Tövis, RO Teiuş
Verespatak Verespatak, RO Roşia Montană
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú városok)
Abrudbánya, RO Abrud
Gyulafehérvár, RO Alba Iulia
Nagyenyed, RO Aiud
Vízakna, RO Ocna Sibiului

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  5. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19.