Alston Moor

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Alston Moor
Alston - geograph.org.uk - 30075.jpg
Alston
Alston Moor is located in Cumbria
Alston Moor
Alston Moor
 Alston Moor shown within Cumbria
Population 2,156 (2001)
OS grid reference NY7146
Civil parish Alston Moor
District Eden
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ALSTON
Postcode district CA9
Dialling code 01434
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Penrith and the Border
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°48′43″N 2°26′28″W / 54.812°N 2.441°W / 54.812; -2.441

Alston with Garrigill
History
 - Created 1894
 - Abolished 1974
 - Succeeded by District of Eden
Status Rural district
 - HQ Alston Town Hall

Alston Moor is an area of moorland and civil parish in Cumbria, England, based around the small town of Alston. The parish had a population of 2,156 at the 2001 census. As well as the town of Alston, the parish includes the villages of Garrigill and Nenthead, along with the hamlets of Nenthall, Nentsberry, Galligill, Blagill, Ashgill, Leadgate, Bayles and Raise. Alston Moor is part of the North Pennines Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), the second largest of the 40 AONBs in England and Wales.

Under the Local Government Act 1894, the parish, then known as Alston with Garrigill, which had previously been a rural sanitary district on its own, became one of the few single-parish rural districts. This remained in existence until 1974 when it became part of the Eden district. The parish is divided into the wards of Alston (which includes Leadgate), Garrgill and Nenthead.

The area is drained by the River South Tyne whose source is located in the fells above Garrigill and also by the Rivers Nent and Black Burn which, along with many other smaller streams, flow into the Tyne. The Rivers Tees and Wear also have their sources on the borders of the parish.

The manor of Alston or Alston Moor was held for many centuries by the Radcliffe family who held the title Earl of Derwentwater, but after their part in the failed 1715 Jacobite Rising their lands were confiscated and Alston became the property of the naval hospital at Greenwich in London.

Greenwich Hospital remained the principal landowner in the parish and owner of the extensive mineral rights up until the 1960s. The estate was then transferred to the Trustees for Catholic Purposes who a few years ago sold their remaining properties in Alston Moor.

Randalhome Hall

The poet W. H. Auden was to travel a great deal in Britain and abroad, but it is the wild region between the River Tees and Hadrian's Wall which provides the backdrop to many of his poems and plays of the ‘20s and ’30s, and echoes at intervals throughout his life. In America in 1947, an Ordnance Survey map of Alston Moor hung on the wall of Auden’s chaotic shack on Fire Island.

According to his brother John, Auden came to love Alston Moor more than any other place. The poem entitled ’Alston Moor’ dates from 1924, as does ’Allendale’.

Close to the River South Tyne, 2 miles north of Alston, lies Randalholme Hall, a 17th-century house incorporating a fourteenth-century pele tower.[1]

Alston Moor is home to England's highest golf course. The Golf Club was founded in 1905 and has occupied numerous sites over the years. The first course was at Black House Farm, but the course is now located on the Hermitage Farm site. The official opening was on Easter Monday 1906, although there is evidence that a club was in existence for quite some time before this date.[2]

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