Alt key

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The Alt key (right) on a Windows keyboard
ISO keyboard symbol for “Alternate”
For a list of keyboard shortcuts, see Table of keyboard shortcuts

Opt or Alt The Alt key (pronounced /ˈɔːlt/) on a computer keyboard is used to change (alternate) the function of other pressed keys. Thus, the Alt key is a modifier key, used in a similar fashion to the Shift key. For example, simply pressing "A" will type the letter a, but if you hold down either Alt key while pressing A, the computer will perform an Alt+A function, which varies from program to program. The international standard ISO/IEC 9995-2 calls it Alternate key. The key is located either side of the Space bar, but in non-US PC keyboard layouts, rather than a second Alt key, there is an 'Alt Gr' key to the right of the space bar. Both placements are in accordance with ISO/IEC 9995-2.

The standardized keyboard symbol for the Alt key (which may be used when the usual Latin lettering “Alt” is not preferred for labelling the key) is given in ISO/IEC 9995-7 as symbol 25, and in ISO 7000 “Graphical symbols for use on equipment” as symbol ISO-7000-2105. This symbol is encoded in Unicode as U+2387 alternative key symbol (⎇).

Evolution[edit]

The Alt key has come to replace the Meta key of the old MIT keyboards. In their original function, both Alt and Meta would set the high bit of the signal generated by the key to 1 (for example, A generates 01000001 while Alt+A generates 11000001). However, in modern software, due to the requirement of the high bit for internationalisation, Alt no longer works in such a way.

The Alt key on an Apple keyboard

Since the 1990s Alt has been printed on the Option key on most Mac keyboards. Alt is used in non-Mac software, such as Unix and Windows programs, but in OS X it is always referred as Option key. Option key's behaviour in Mac OS X differs slightly from that of the Windows Alt key (it is used as a modifier rather than to access pull-down menus, for example).

Alt key combinations[edit]

The Alt key is well known as part of the key combinations:

  • Ctrl+Alt+Delete brings up a task manager in some operating systems, see Control-Alt-Delete.
  • Alt+ Cmd+Esc does this on Mac OS
  • Ctrl+Alt+← Backspace usually causes the X display server to shut down or to restart, see Control-Alt-Backspace.
  • Alt+F4 closes the current window on most windowing systems.
  • Alt+Tab switches between the currently opened windows on most windowing systems, see Alt-Tab.

Alt key for special characters[edit]

Windows[edit]

In Microsoft Windows, holding down the Alt key while typing in numbers (often referred to as Alt codes) on the numeric keypad allows the user to type special characters not normally available on the keyboard. For example, holding down Alt while typing 0225 (Alt+0225) on the numeric keypad will result in á, the character at 225 in the codepage. These extended keyboard characters are useful for persons using foreign languages, mathematics, currency symbols, business use, etc. Some computers work the same if the Num Lock key is on.

Mac OS X[edit]

On a Macintosh, the Alt key is called the Option key. It is not used to enter numeric character codes. Instead, keyboard letters and numbers are used. The diagram below shows the special characters a US Mac keyboard will produce when the Option key is pressed.[1]

full

The highlighted orange keys show the accents available from the combination of the Alt key and the keyboard characters e i u (on the top letters row) and ` n (on the bottom letters row). The accent then can be applied to associated letters both lower and uppercase. The additional characters a Mac will produce are a combination of both the Option key and the Shift key pressed down together. With this combination pressed the keyboard will now produce a different set or an uppercase version of the previous set in some cases.

full

Alt key clicked alone[edit]

When a user clicks the Alt key by itself on Microsoft Windows, that moves keyboard focus to the menubar of the application having keyboard focus, and the key is not delivered to the application. In that state, another click of the Alt key will be delivered to the application.

On other platforms, for example Ubuntu, the Alt key clicked by itself may invoke another application and not be delivered to the application having keyboard focus.

See also[edit]

References[edit]