Altay City

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Not to be confused with Altai City. ‹See Tfd›
Altay
阿勒泰市 · التاي قالاسى · ئالتاي شەھىرى
County-level city
Location of Altay City within Xinjiang (China).png
Altay is located in Xinjiang
Altay
Altay
Location in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 47°52′N 88°07′E / 47.867°N 88.117°E / 47.867; 88.117Coordinates: 47°52′N 88°07′E / 47.867°N 88.117°E / 47.867; 88.117
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
Prefecture Altay
Area
 • Total 11,400 km2 (4,400 sq mi)
Elevation 887 m (2,910 ft)
Population
 • Total 187,600
 • Density 16/km2 (43/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 836500
Area code(s) 0906

Altay or Aletai (Chinese: 阿勒泰; pinyin: Ālètài, uyghur: ئالتاي/ Altay, Kazakh: التاي) is a county-level city in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, in far northern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. It is the administrative centre of Altay Prefecture, and has 142,000 inhabitants.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Altay has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), without the strong monsoonal influence on seasonal precipitation patterns that defines the climate across much of China and an annual precipitation total of only 191 millimetres (7.5 in). Winters are long, bitterly cold and dry, with a January 24-hour average of −15.5 °C (4.1 °F); however, the presence of the Altay Mountains to the north helps moderate the severity of winter cold as compared to locations further to the east. Spring and autumn are short but mild. Summers are very warm, but dry, with a July 24-hour average of 21.8 °C (71.2 °F). The annual mean is 4.53 °C (40.2 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 50% in December to 74% in August and September, sunshine is abundant and the city receives 2,993 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Altay City (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −9.4
(15.1)
−6.8
(19.8)
0.0
(32)
14.0
(57.2)
21.7
(71.1)
26.5
(79.7)
28.2
(82.8)
26.8
(80.2)
21.1
(70)
12.1
(53.8)
0.8
(33.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
10.7
(51.2)
Average low °C (°F) −21
(−6)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−11.3
(11.7)
2.2
(36)
8.7
(47.7)
13.3
(55.9)
15.1
(59.2)
13.4
(56.1)
7.9
(46.2)
1.0
(33.8)
−9.1
(15.6)
−17.5
(0.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12.5
(0.492)
9.1
(0.358)
8.7
(0.343)
13.1
(0.516)
16.6
(0.654)
15.7
(0.618)
25.8
(1.016)
16.1
(0.634)
15.6
(0.614)
15.0
(0.591)
22.3
(0.878)
20.8
(0.819)
191.3
(7.533)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.4 6.7 5.8 5.8 6.6 6.8 7.9 6.5 6.0 5.9 8.5 9.9 83.8
 % humidity 74 73 71 48 43 48 52 49 49 54 68 75 58.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 163.6 182.4 247.7 281.9 325.4 338.2 343.5 326.6 278.6 220.8 153.5 131.1 2,993.3
Percent possible sunshine 60 64 68 69 70 71 71 74 74 66 55 50 68
Source: China Meteorological Administration[1]

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Culture[edit]

Education[edit]

Economy[edit]

People[edit]

References[edit]

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