Alte Oper

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The Alte Oper Frankfurt am Main
Alte Oper façade

The original opera house in Frankfurt is now the Alte Oper (Old Opera), a concert hall and former opera house in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It was inaugurated in 1880 but destroyed by bombs in 1944. It was rebuilt, slowly, in the 1970s, opening again in 1981. Frankfurt Opera is now in a modern building nearby, next door to Schauspiel Frankfurt (drama). Many important operas were performed for the first time in Frankfurt, including Carl Orff's Carmina Burana in 1937.

The square in front of the building is known as Opernplatz (Opera Square). The Alte Oper is in the centre of town Innenstadt, near the Bankenviertel.

Inauguration[edit]

Frankfurt Opera House, c. 1880

The building was designed by the Berlin architect Richard Lucae, financed by the citizens of Frankfurt and built by Philipp Holzmann. Construction began in 1873.[1] It opened on 20 October 20 1880. Among the guests was Kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany, who was impressed and said: Das könnte ich mir in Berlin nicht erlauben. (I couldn't permit myself this sort of thing in Berlin.)[2]

The citizens of Frankfurt, who had to finance the structure (initial estimate two million marks), were rather sceptical at first.[citation needed] Alluding to the inscription on the frieze

"Dem Wahren, Schönen, Guten", ("To the true, the beautiful, the good")

The folkloristic Frankfurt poet Adolf Stoltze wrote, in his best Hessian dialect:

Dem Wahre, Scheene, Gute, die Berjerschaft muß blute. (To the true, the beautiful, the good, the citizenry must bleed.)[3]

Post WWII[edit]

Ruins of the Alte Oper in 1958

The Alte Oper was almost completely destroyed by bombs during World War II in 1944 (only some of the outside walls and façades survived). In the 1960s the city magistrate planned to build a modern office building on the site. The then Minister of Economy in Hessen Rudi Arndt, earned the nickname "Dynamit-Rudi" (Dynamite Rudi) when he proposed to blow up "Germany's most beautiful ruin" with "a little dynamite". Arndt later said that this was not meant seriously.[citation needed]

A citizen's initiative campaigned for reconstruction funds after 1953 and collected 15 million DM. It ended costing c. DM160, and the building was reopened on August 28, 1981, to the sounds of Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 8, the "Symphony of a Thousand". A live recording of that concert conducted by Michael Gielen is available on CD.

The Alte Oper has:

  • The Großer Saal (Large Hall) with 2500 seats.
  • The Mozart-Saal, 700 seats.
  • and smaller halls for conventions.

A new Frankfurt Opera and Play House opened in 1951 so the new building on the site of the original opera house in Frankfurt was always intended as a concert hall. Today it now has a lively, interesting programme and is home to all sorts of entertainment.

Gallery[edit]

Images of the Alte Oper
The Alte Oper at night 
during the day 
and at twilight 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Groß, p. 50
  2. ^ "Chronik und Historie". www.alteoper.de (in German). Alte Oper Frankfurt Konzert- und Kongresszentrum GmbH. 21 December 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Helmensdorfer, Erich (1982). Frankfurt - Metropole am Main: Geschichte und Zukunft (in German). Düsseldorf, Vienna: Econ-Verlag. p. 234. ISBN 978-3-430-14261-8. 

Sources

  • Groß, Lothar (2012). Made in Germany: Deutschlands Wirtschaftsgeschichte von der Industralisierung bis heute Band 1: 1800 - 1945. Books on demand. ISBN 978-3-8482-1042-8. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°06′57″N 8°40′19″E / 50.11583°N 8.67194°E / 50.11583; 8.67194