Alternative versions of Hawkeye
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|Alternate versions of Hawkeye|
|First appearance||Tales of Suspense #57 (September 1964)|
|Created by||Stan Lee
Hawkeye (Clint Barton; also known as Goliath and Ronin) is a comic book superhero that appears in Marvel Comics. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist Don Heck, the character first appeared as a villain in Tales of Suspense #57 (Sept. 1964) and later joined the Avengers in Avengers #16 (May 1965), and has been a prominent member of the team ever since. In addition to the mainstream Marvel Universe (designated Earth-616) version of the character, Hawkeye has numerous alternative versions throughout the Marvel Comics multiverse.
A version of Hawkeye, merged with DC Comics's Green Arrow, appears in the Amalgam Comics series JLX. Clint Archer, the JLX member known as Hawkeye, is a combination of Hawkeye's codename, alter ego and costume design, with Green Arrow's facial hair, mask and colour scheme. Another character that merges the two archers (also a member of the JLX) is Oliver Queen, also known as Goliath.
House of M
The Earth-616 version of Hawkeye was indirectly killed by the Scarlet Witch. When the Scarlet Witch reshaped reality into the House of M universe, Hawkeye was resurrected and became a member of Luke Cage's Avengers. Hawkeye, after learning the truth about the House of M reality from Layla Miller, later confronts the Scarlet Witch. Overcome with grief and anger, Hawkeye shoots her, hitting her in the back. He is then killed again when the Scarlet Witch's children wipe him from existence.[volume & issue needed]
In JLA/Avengers, Clint appears after the Avengers first battle Starro, during which Captain America sent out a call for reservists. After a confrontation with the Justice League of America and Metron, Hawkeye joins the team when Iron Man uses a Mother Box to send them to the DC Universe. Hawkeye comments on how the League are just knockoffs of the Squadron Supreme. The quest for the twelve artifacts ends with The Grandmaster merging the two universes to stop Krona. He and fellow archer Green Arrow, who share many personality traits, repeatedly get into arguments over who's the better archer. In one version of this universe Clint leaves the Avengers and falls in love with Black Canary, joining the JLA instead. This does not last long, however, as Clint is sent into the final battle with Krona and is apparently killed along with Barry Allen. However, after the rest of the heroes are worn out and helpless before Krona, Clint and Barry, who are revealed to have survived the attack, destroy Krona. A TNT arrow sent by Clint destroys the container of the twelve artifacts, which draws Krona in and restores the universes to their original states.
In the Mutant X reality, Hawkeye, though blind, is still a member of the Mutant X reality's ill-fated version of the Avengers. His team crossed the Canadian Border in pursuit of the mutant team, The Six. When Iron Giant Man shot down The Six's jet, the rest of the Avengers confronted the mutants. Refusing to speak to The Six's member, Captain America, a former Avenger who had abandoned the team during a critical moment, they began a fight with The Six. They were successful in defeating The Six, but the Avengers were later killed by a rage filled, psychotic Captain America.
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Hawkeye stars in the limited series Marvel Zombies, being one of the first heroes to be zombified by an infected Robert Reynolds, becoming a part of the zombie horde that chases down and consumes Magneto. Hawkeye himself does not join in, however, as Magneto is able to decapitate him before he is eaten. Hawkeye survives this, but is forgotten and not found for nearly forty years, the resulting isolation driving him insane. When asked if he will start eating people, he merely responds, "No. I just want someone to talk to." He is placed in a robotic body formerly used by the Wasp and later assists in the fights against the zombies. He is killed by The Hulk in the ensuing fight.
In the Marvel Universe Millennial Visions 2001 story 'Thunderbolts: Give a Guy a Break', an alternative version of Hawkeye decides to brainwash supervillains to become members of the Thunderbolts.
Hawkeye is one of the characters that features in the Bullpen cartoon comic strips, which was later collected in Giant Sized Mini Marvels #1. In Mini Marvels: Ultimate Collection, Hawkeye appears in his own featured storyline, "Hawkeye and the Crimson Crown".
Old Man Logan
A blind, aged Hawkeye is featured in Old Man Logan. In this continuity, Hawkeye marries and subsequently divorces Peter Parker's African American daughter. Their daughter Ashley becomes the new Spider-Girl, and eventually the new Kingpin.
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The Ultimate Marvel imprint title the Ultimates features a version of Hawkeye who uses a cover story of being a former Olympic archer to hide his conviction of an unexplained murder charge when he was recruited by Nick Fury into the Ultimates program, a government sponsored program made up of humans with extraordinary abilities and super-human operatives. During his time with the Ultimates, most, if not all, of his missions were of the Black Ops variety in which he partnered with the Black Widow.[volume & issue needed]
Just like the Earth 616 Hawkeye, he is brash, opinionated and sure of himself to the point of cockiness. One of the main differences between this version of Hawkeye and the traditional, Earth 616 Hawkeye is that the Ultimate version leans more toward the hardline, mercenary side of his job, as opposed to the "we never kill" motto of most Earth 616 super heroes. Upon proving himself to Nick Fury, he was given a full pardon, and his criminal record and past history erased, substituted with a new history. Over time, Hawkeye took advantage of this fresh start and built a life for himself, which included a suburban home with his girlfriend Laura, with whom he fathered three young children: Callum, Lewis, and Nicole. During the "Invasion" arc of the "Ultimates 2" series, it was revealed that his longtime trusted partner, the Black Widow, was in fact a traitor, who invaded his home and murdered his wife and three children in cold blood.
Seeking revenge, Hawkeye tracked down the Black Widow, passing herself off as a wounded civilian after the invasion, and executed her. As addressed in "Ultimates 3", it was shown that the events during the invasion left him brooding and emotionally devastated, seeming almost to have a "death wish," and his brash, morally ambiguous and borderline sadomasochistic behavior became even more of an issue. Eventually, Hawkeye found, or appeared to have found, an acceptable emotional center and continued his adventures with the Ultimates in a seemingly stable fashion, though the reason remains unclear. Hawkeye continues to work for SHIELD and the Ultimates, regardless of the constantly changing roster or changes in politics, and continuously gives the impression that his job is his life, especially after the murder of his family. As for his abilities, he is a superior acrobat, martial artist, an uncanny, and is in peak physical condition. Initially, it was thought that Hawkeye was in no way "super-human" or otherwise enhanced, unlike his former partner, the Black Widow, who had been artificially augmented, and had to rely on the razor-honed skills of his normal human physiology. Later, it is revealed in the "Ultimate Hawkeye" Miniseries (2011) written by Jonathan Hickman, before his time in prison he had at some point in his life been "enhanced" by an organization known as "The Program," increasing his marksmanship to an unheard-of level of accuracy. Among these enhancements, the cones and rods in his eyes had been manipulated. While a normal human has up to 150 million rod cells in their retinas, Hawkeye has closer to 400 million, vastly increasing his visual acuity, and he has fewer cones than the average human, causing him to see mostly in black and white, thus increasing visual contrast (which, according to him, allows him to better see "what's real and what's not," such as seeing through a two way mirror). He also has enhanced muscles around his eyes, increasing his ability for orb distortion which changes focal length.
In his arsenal, Ultimate Hawkeye utilizes a wide range of weapons and can turn any object into a precisely-aimed projectile, unlike the Earth 616 Hawkeye who generally relies on his bow and an array of specialized arrows (In the "Invasion" arc, Hawkeye had been strapped to a chair and relieved of, what his captors thought, was anything that he might be able to use as a weapon. Hawkeye ripped his own fingernails off and launched them from his hands with fatal accuracy which helped to secure his escape). Whether or not his teammates know of his augmentations is unknown, with the exception of Nick Fury, who has confirmed his knowledge, but it would appear that, in Hawkeye's favor, they remain unaware of his full abilities. It has also been remarked that before the "Ultimate Hawkeye" miniseries, he claimed to need to wear corrective goggles to see properly, but it appears that that too may have been a ruse.[volume & issue needed]
What if? Dark Reign
In What if? Dark Reign #1, Clint Barton succeeds in killing Norman Osborn. The superhero community then hunts him down for his crimes, while the public and the government turn completely against superheroes. While Mockingbird gives him what he needs to escape, he ends up being shot and killed by a mentally unstable man who wants to prove a point against superheroes, leaving Victoria Hand completely in charge of HAMMER.
- JLX #1 (Apr. 1996)
- Kurt Busiek (w), George Pérez (p), JLA/Avengers #3 (December 2003)
- U.S. War Machine #1 -2 (Nov. 2001); #3 - 8 (Dec. 2001); #9 - 12 (Jan. 2002)
- Mutant X #30-31
- Robert Kirkman (w), Sean Phillips (p), Marvel Zombies #1 - 5 (Dec. 2005 - April 2006), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
- Robert Kirkman (w), Sean Phillips (p), Marvel Zombies 2 #1 - 5 (Oct. 2007 - Feb. 2008), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
- Tom DeFalco (w), Ronald Frenz (p), Todd Nauck (p), American Dream #1 - 5 (May - July 2008), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
- Marvel Universe Millennial Visions 2001
- Giant Sized Mini Marvels #1
- Mini Marvels: Ultimate Collection
- Mark Millar (w), Steve McNiven (p), Old Man Logan #1 - 8 (June 2008 - Sept. 2009), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
- Wolverine (vol. 3) #68-69
- Mark Millar (w), Brian Hitch (p), "Ultimates 2" #8 (November 2005)
- Ultimates 2 #7
- Ultimates 2 #6
- Ultimate Comics: Hawkeye #2
- Mark Millar (w), Bryan Hitch (p), Ultimates #7 (September 2002), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
- What if? Dark Reign #1