Alternative versions of Hawkeye

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Alternate versions of Hawkeye
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance Tales of Suspense #57 (September 1964)
Created by Stan Lee
Don Heck

In addition to the mainstream Marvel Universe (designated earth-616) version of the character, Hawkeye has numerous alternative versions throughout the Multiverse.

Amalgam Comics[edit]

Main article: Amalgam Comics

A version of Hawkeye, merged with DC Comics's Green Arrow, appears in the Amalgam Comics series JLX. Clint Archer, the JLX member known as Hawkeye, is a combination of Hawkeye's codename, alter ego and costume design, with Green Arrow's facial hair, mask and colour scheme. Another character that merges the two archers (also a member of the JLX) is Oliver Queen, also known as Goliath.[1]

House of M[edit]

Main article: House of M

The mainstream version of Hawkeye was indirectly killed by the Scarlet Witch. When the Scarlet Witch reshaped reality into the House of M universe, Hawkeye was resurrected and was a member of Luke Cage's Avengers. Hawkeye soon learned the truth about the House of M reality from Layla Miller. Hawkeye later confronted the Scarlet Witch about what she had done. Overcome with grief and anger, Hawkeye shoots an arrow at her. He is then killed again when the Scarlet Witch's children wipe him from existence.[volume & issue needed]

JLA/Avengers[edit]

Main article: JLA/Avengers

In JLA/Avengers, Clint appears after the Avengers first battle Starro when Captain America sent out a call for reservists. After a confrontation with the Justice League of America and Metron, Hawkeye joins the team when Iron Man uses a Mother Box to send them to the DC Universe. Hawkeye comments on how the League are just knockoffs of the Squadron Supreme. After the quest for the twelve artifacts ends in The Grandmaster merging the two universes to stop Krona. He and fellow archer Green Arrow, who shares many personality traits with Clint, get into an argument over who's the better archer repeatedly. In one version of this universe Clint leaves the Avengers and falls in love with Black Canary, joining the JLA instead. This does not last long, though. Clint is sent into the final battle with Krona due to chronal chaos, but is apparently killed along with Barry Allen. However, after the rest of the heroes are worn out and helpless before Krona, it is Clint and Barry, who had survived the attack, who destroy Krona. A TNT arrow sent by Clint destroys the container of the 12 artifacts, which draws Krona in and restores the universes to their original states.[2]

Marvel Max[edit]

The Marvel MAX imprint limited series U.S. War Machine, set in an alternative universe, features a civilian version of Hawkeye.[3]

Mutant X[edit]

In the Mutant X reality, Hawkeye, though blind, is still a member of the Mutant X reality's ill-fated version of the Avengers. His team crossed the Canadian Border in pursuit of the mutant team, The Six. When Iron Giant Man shot down The Six's jet, the rest of the Avengers confronted the mutants. Refusing to speak to The Six's member, Captain America, a former Avenger who had abandoned the team during a critical moment, they began a fight with The Six. They were successful in defeating The Six, but the Avengers were later killed by a rage filled, psychotic Captain America.[4]

Marvel Zombies[edit]

Main article: Marvel Zombies 2

Hawkeye stars in the limited series, Marvel Zombies, being one of the first heroes to be infected and "zombified" by an infected Robert Reynolds.[5] He is a part of the zombie horde that chase down and consume Magneto. However, Hawkeye himself does not join in the feast as Magneto is able to decapitate him before he is eaten. Hawkeye survives this, but is forgotten and not found for nearly forty years, the resulting isolation driving him insane, and when asked if he will start eating people, he merely responds "No. I just want someone to talk to." He is placed in a robotic body formerly used by the Wasp, and later assists in the fights against the still-hungry zombies. He is killed by the Hulk in the ensuing fight.[6]

However, Hawkeye appears in Marvel Zombies Return shown already dead, having been killed and eaten by the Earth-Z Zombie Avengers.[volume & issue needed]

MC2[edit]

Main article: Marvel Comics 2

In the MC2 limited series American Dream, a blind Clint Barton is retired and trains heroes.[7]

Millennial Visions[edit]

In the Marvel Universe Millennial Visions 2001 story 'Thunderbolts: Give a Guy a Break', an alternative version of Hawkeye decides to brainwash supervillains to become members of the Thunderbolts.[8]

Mini Marvels[edit]

Main article: Mini Marvels

Hawkeye is one of the characters that features in the Bullpen cartoon comic strips, which was later collected in Giant Sized Mini Marvels #1.[9] In Mini Marvels: Ultimate Collection, Hawkeye appears in his own featured storyline "Hawkeye and the Crimson Crown".[10]

Old Man Logan[edit]

Main article: Old Man Logan
Ultimate Hawkeye on the cover of Ultimates #9. (April 2003) Art by Bryan Hitch.

A blind, aged Hawkeye is featured in Old Man Logan.[11] In this continuity, Hawkeye married and subsequently divorced Peter Parker's African American daughter. Their daughter Ashley becomes the new Spider-Girl, and eventually the new Kingpin.[12]

Ultimate Hawkeye[edit]

Main article: Ultimates

The Ultimate Marvel imprint title the Ultimates features a version of Hawkeye who uses a cover story of being a former Olympic archer to hide his conviction of a murder charge which he was serving (which has not been explained) when he was recruited by Nick Fury into the Ultimates program (a government sponsored program made up of humans with extraordinary abilities and super-human operatives). During his time with the Ultimates, most, if not all, of his missions were of the Black Ops variety in which he partnered with the Black Widow.[volume & issue needed]

Just like the Earth 616 Hawkeye, he is brash, opinionated and sure of himself to the point of cockiness, but, when it comes down to it, always sides with the forces of good and will go to almost any length to get the job done. One of the main differences between this version of Hawkeye and the traditional, Earth 616 Hawkeye is that the Ultimate version leans more toward the hard line, mercenary side of his job, as opposed to the "we never kill" motto of most Earth 616 super heroes, meaning he has no problems taking a life if necessary, which happens, and has happened, often in his line of work. Upon proving himself to Nick Fury, he was given a full pardon and his criminal record, along with everything else regarding his former life, were erased and substituted with a new history, giving him a fresh start. Over time, Hawkeye took advantage of this fresh start and built a life for himself which included a suburban home and a girlfriend named Laura with whom he fathered three young children, Callum, Lewis, and Nicole. During the "Invasion" arc of the "Ultimates 2" series,[13] it was revealed that his longtime trusted partner, the Black Widow, was in fact a traitor, who invaded his home and murdered his defenseless wife and three children in cold blood.[14]

Seeking revenge, Hawkeye tracked down the Black Widow, who was passing herself off as a wounded civilian after the invasion and executed her.[15] As addressed in "Ultimates 3", it was shown that the events during the invasion left him darkly broodish and emotionally devastated; taking on an almost "death wish"-like attitude. While his teammates worried about him, his brash, morally ambiguous and sometimes borderline sadistic/masochistic behavior became even more of an issue. Eventually, Hawkeye found, or appeared to have found, an acceptable emotional center and continued his adventures with the Ultimates in a seemingly stable fashion, but the reasons why have, so far, never been addressed. Hawkeye continues to work for SHIELD and the Ultimates, regardless of the constantly changing roster or changes in politics and continuously gives the impression that his job is his life, especially after the murder of his family. As for his abilities, he is a superior acrobat, martial artist, an uncanny, second to none marksman and is in peak physical condition. Initially, however, it was thought that Hawkeye was in no way "super-human" or enhanced in any way, unlike his former partner, the Black Widow, who had been artificially augmented, and had to rely on the razor-honed skills of his normal human physiology. But later, it was revealed in the "Ultimate Hawkeye" Miniseries (2011) written by Jonathan Hickman,[16] that he had been, at some point in his life before his time in prison, "enhanced" by an organization known as "The Program" increasing his marksmanship to an unheard of level of accuracy. Among these enhancements, the "Cones" and "Rods" in his eyes (The specialized cells responsible for normal human vision) had been manipulated. While a normal human has up to 150 million rod cells in their retinas, Hawkeye has closer to 400 million, vastly increasing his visual acuity. As for his cones, he has fewer than the average human causing him to see mostly in black and white, thus increasing visual contrast (which, according to him, allows him to better see "what's real and what's not", such as seeing through a two way mirror). He also has enhanced muscles around his eyes increasing his ability for orb distortion which changes focal length.[17]

As for his arsenal, unlike the Earth 616 Hawkeye who generally relies on his bow and an array of specialized arrows, Ultimate Hawkeye utilizes a wide range of weapons and can turn literally any object into a precisely-aimed projectile (In the "Invasion" arc, Hawkeye had been strapped to a chair and relieved of, what his captors thought, was anything that he might be able to use as a weapon. Hawkeye ripped his own fingernails off and launched them from his hands with fatal accuracy which helped to secure his escape). Whether or not his teammates know of his augmentations is unknown (Nick Fury, head of SHIELD is confirmed in this knowledge), but it would appear that they do not, seeing as how it sometimes "seemed" that his lack of above-human abilities had on more than one occasion caused him to become distracted by other members of the team who didn't appreciate the concentration it takes him to perform such feats of accuracy and skill (Which is what Hawkeye apparently wanted them to think) .[18] It has also been remarked that before the "Ultimate Hawkeye" miniseries, he claimed to need to wear corrective goggles to see properly, but it appears that that too may have been a ruse for whatever reason that might be.[volume & issue needed]

What if? Dark Reign[edit]

In What if? Dark Reign #1, Clint Barton succeeds in killing Norman Osborn. The superhero community then hunts him down for his crimes, while the public and the government turn completely against superheroes. While Mockingbird gives him what he needs to escape, he ends up being shot and killed by a mentally unstable man who wants to prove a point against superheroes, leaving Victoria Hand completely in charge of HAMMER.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ JLX #1 (Apr. 1996)
  2. ^ Kurt Busiek (w), George Pérez (p), JLA/Avengers #3 (December 2003)
  3. ^ U.S. War Machine #1 -2 (Nov. 2001); #3 - 8 (Dec. 2001); #9 - 12 (Jan. 2002)
  4. ^ Mutant X #30-31
  5. ^ Robert Kirkman (w), Sean Phillips (p), Marvel Zombies #1 - 5 (Dec. 2005 - April 2006), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
  6. ^ Robert Kirkman (w), Sean Phillips (p), Marvel Zombies 2 #1 - 5 (Oct. 2007 - Feb. 2008), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
  7. ^ Tom DeFalco (w), Ronald Frenz (p), Todd Nauck (p), American Dream #1 - 5 (May - July 2008), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
  8. ^ Marvel Universe Millennial Visions 2001
  9. ^ Giant Sized Mini Marvels #1
  10. ^ Mini Marvels: Ultimate Collection
  11. ^ Mark Millar (w), Steve McNiven (p), Old Man Logan #1 - 8 (June 2008 - Sept. 2009), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
  12. ^ Wolverine (vol. 3) #68-69
  13. ^ Mark Millar (w), Brian Hitch (p), "Ultimates 2" #8 (November 2005)
  14. ^ Ultimates 2 #7
  15. ^ Ultimates 2 #6
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ Ultimate Comics: Hawkeye #2
  18. ^ Mark Millar (w), Bryan Hitch (p), Ultimates #7 (September 2002), New York, NY: Marvel Comics
  19. ^ What if? Dark Reign #1