Altona, Manitoba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Town of Altona
Millennium Exhibition Centre
Millennium Exhibition Centre
Town of Altona is located in Manitoba
Town of Altona
Town of Altona
Location of Altona in Manitoba
Coordinates: 49°06′16″N 97°33′45″W / 49.10444°N 97.56250°W / 49.10444; -97.56250Coordinates: 49°06′16″N 97°33′45″W / 49.10444°N 97.56250°W / 49.10444; -97.56250
Country Canada
Province Manitoba
Region Pembina Valley
Established 1880
Incorporated 1945 (village)
1956 (town)
Government
 • Town Mayor Melvin Klassen
 • MLA (Emerson) Cliff Graydon (PC)
 • MP (Portage—Lisgar) Candice Hoeppner (C)
Area
 • Total 9.46 km2 (3.65 sq mi)
Elevation 247 m (810 ft)
Population (2011 Census[1])
 • Total 4,123
 • Density 435.9/km2 (1,129/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Website http://www.altona.ca

Altona is a predominantly Mennonite town in southern Manitoba about 100 km south-west of Winnipeg and 133 km north of Grand Forks, North Dakota. It is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Rhineland. Much of the surrounding area is devoted to farming and agriculture-based business. Its sister city is Emerald, Queensland,.[2] Every year a Sunflower Festival is held in which a young woman in the community is crowned the Sunflower Queen and gets a flight to Emerald for free to participate in the Sunflower Festival held there.

History[edit]

The first settlement at Altona was made in 1880. The town of Altona had its start in the year 1895 when the Canadian Pacific Railroad was extended to that point. It was incorporated as a village in 1946.[3]

Culture[edit]

The Red River Valley's climate allows Manitoba to be Canada's largest producer of sunflowers.[4]

Altona, Manitoba is known as "The Sunflower Capital of Canada", and is host to the annual Sunflower Festival. The Sunflower Festival has a Sunflower festival pageant where they crown a queen every year, who wins a trip to Australia. The festival also includes a small midway, quilt show, baseball tournament, stage show, and street dance to name a few. In 2008, the Town of Altona opened an Art Gallery and Sculpture Garden, displaying many different styles of artwork.

It is also home to the largest replica of a famous painting by Vincent van Gogh. It was named 'The largest painting on an easel by The Guinness Book of World Records in 1998. The painting is 'Sunflowers' and it was re-created by local artist Cameron Cross. The base (easel) stands at 76'6" and the canvas was made by laminating together 24 sheets of 3/4" plywood and splattering it with 17 gallons of paint to create the picture.

In the late 1990s the Town, in partnership with various businesses and volunteers, embarked on an ambitious plan to improve recreation facilities. In 2000, the Altona Aquatic Centre opened to rave reviews, a trails system was started, and in 2003 the Millennium Exhibition Centre opened. This 75,000 square-foot facility features an ice arena, curling arena, banquet hall, meeting rooms, running track, concessions, kitchens and community spaces. Since then, other recreation facilities have been added such as a triples tennis court, a large playground, and most recently in 2013 a $250,000 skate park, and a second full size baseball diamond set to open in 2014 - to be known as Access Field.

Economy[edit]

Altona was the site of the Rhineland Consumers Co-operative (founded 1931), the Altona Service Co-op (founded 1937) and the Altona Credit Union (founded 1939). These co-operative enterprises were a highly effective local response to the devastating impact of the Great Depression on local farmers' incomes. Jake Siemens played an important role in their development, and the growth of the co-operative movement in southern Manitoba.

Altona is also home to Friesens Corporation, which started off as a small confectionery store and now employs hundreds of people. It is the primary printer of yearbooks in North America, as well as printing in commercial consumer books, specializing in full colour art and educational books.

The first Mennonite Central Committee Thrift Shop was founded in Altona in 1972. Staffed by volunteers, MCC Thrift stores now contribute about $4M annually to MCC projects. The store has been expanded numerous times, and is still completely volunteer-run. The proceeds raised all go to MCC charitable projects.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Altona
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
14
(57)
22.2
(72)
35.6
(96.1)
36.7
(98.1)
38
(100)
38.9
(102)
40
(104)
39
(102)
33.5
(92.3)
25
(77)
14.4
(57.9)
40
(104)
Average high °C (°F) −11.6
(11.1)
−7.3
(18.9)
−0.4
(31.3)
10.6
(51.1)
19.8
(67.6)
24
(75)
26.1
(79)
25.8
(78.4)
19.4
(66.9)
11.4
(52.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
−8.7
(16.3)
9.1
(48.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.6
(2.1)
−12.5
(9.5)
−5.2
(22.6)
4.6
(40.3)
13
(55)
17.9
(64.2)
20
(68)
19.1
(66.4)
13.1
(55.6)
5.8
(42.4)
−4.5
(23.9)
−13.2
(8.2)
3.5
(38.3)
Average low °C (°F) −21.6
(−6.9)
−17.6
(0.3)
−10
(14)
−1.4
(29.5)
6.1
(43)
11.7
(53.1)
13.8
(56.8)
12.4
(54.3)
6.7
(44.1)
0.2
(32.4)
−8.6
(16.5)
−17.6
(0.3)
−2.2
(28)
Record low °C (°F) −40
(−40)
−40.6
(−41.1)
−33.5
(−28.3)
−23.9
(−11)
−13.9
(7)
−2.8
(27)
2.8
(37)
0
(32)
−6.7
(19.9)
−30
(−22)
−35
(−31)
−37.2
(−35)
−40.6
(−41.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 27.3
(1.075)
20.5
(0.807)
26.2
(1.031)
32.9
(1.295)
58.2
(2.291)
86.8
(3.417)
77.3
(3.043)
67.2
(2.646)
51.6
(2.031)
36.9
(1.453)
28.1
(1.106)
27.6
(1.087)
540.5
(21.28)
Source: Environment Canada[5]

References[edit]

  • Robert Meyers. Spirit of the Post Road, Federation of Southern Manitoba Co-operatives (1955).
  • Esther Epp-Tiessen. "Altona: The Story of a Prairie Town" an on-line resource at Our Roots
  1. ^ "Altona Census Profile". Stats Canada. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Town of Altona website
  3. ^ "Altona". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  4. ^ Honey, Janet; Oleson, Brian (2006-09-10). "A Century of Agriculture in Manitoba" (pdf). University of Manitoba. Archived from the original on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  5. ^ Environment Canada - Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 4 March 2011

External links[edit]