Altoona, Iowa

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Altoona, Iowa
City
Location of Altoona, Iowa
Location of Altoona, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°39′0″N 93°28′21″W / 41.65000°N 93.47250°W / 41.65000; -93.47250Coordinates: 41°39′0″N 93°28′21″W / 41.65000°N 93.47250°W / 41.65000; -93.47250
Country USA
State  Iowa
County Polk
Area[1]
 • Total 9.35 sq mi (24.22 km2)
 • Land 9.35 sq mi (24.22 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 955 ft (291 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 14,541
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 15,409
 • Rank 26th in Iowa
 • Density 1,555.2/sq mi (600.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50009
Area code(s) 515
FIPS code 19-01630
GNIS feature ID 0454160

Altoona is a city in Polk County, Iowa, United States and is a part of the Des MoinesWest Des Moines Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 14,541 at the 2010 census; a special census taken in August 2005 counted 13,301 residents.[4]

Altoona is home of Adventureland, an amusement park, Prairie Meadows, a horse racing track and casino, and a Bass Pro Shops retail store, the first one in central Iowa.

History[edit]

Anthony Yant first settled in what is now Altoona in 1854, the same year that Gilbert T. Taylor settled there. The land was originally surveyed in 1847 and put up for sale by the US government in 1848, but it took six years to sell. After many different sales between different families the Davis family ended up with the land on February 1, 1868.

The Davises hired surveyor Juian B. Bausman to lay out the city for them. He is also credited for giving the city the current name, Altoona. is named for the Latin word for "high," altus, after surveyor Julian B. Bausman discovered that Altoona was the highest point on the Des Moines Valley Railroad between Des Moines and Keokuk.[5]

The plot was recorded on July 30, 1868 and the Post office opened the next day. When the Rock Island railroad came to Altoona in September of that year they referred to Altoona as Yant, the city's original name.

Altoona was incorporated as a city on March 11, 1876.

As well as serving as Altoona's first mayor Emory English was the town doctor and after the great train crash of 1877 English was the first doctor on the scene.

Altoona’ second Mayor, Thomas Haines, is one of the best known mayors of Altoona, Haines operated the T.E. Haines tile and brick company. Hanes is best known for the land he donated to the City of Altoona to be used as a city park, which is known as Haines Park.

The only other mayor of Altoona to have a park dedicated to him is Sam Wise. Wise brought advanced thinking, by paving the streets of Altoona, building a sewer system that was advanced for its time and allowed for future expansion and his dedication to Altoona’s parks lead to the city’s sports complex being named “Sam Wise Youth Complex.”

By the turn of the 20th century, Altoona could almost be classified as a coal camp. United Mine Workers of America Local 407 was organized in Altoona in 1897, and by 1902, it had 61 members. This is close to 20% of the population at the time.[6]

On May 5, 2003, the Altoona City Council recognized the Altoona Area Historical Society as the City's official organization to collect, secure, and preserve the artifacts and records of the City of Altoona and surrounding areas.

In 2011 the Altoona Area Historical Society started major renovation work on interior of Altoona's oldest building. The building is now a museum open to the public. Museum hours are the second and fourth Sunday of every month from 2-4 pm. The museum is also open by appointment by contacting the Historical Society.

In 2013, construction began for a new Facebook data center. Facebook asked local company RPM Access to build and operate a wind farm that will put more energy into the system than the data center will pull out.[7]

Geography[edit]

Altoona's longitude and latitude coordinates
in decimal form are 41.650089, −93.472546.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.35 square miles (24.22 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Altoona
historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 400
1890 326 −18.5%
1900 328 0.6%
1910 438 33.5%
1920 502 14.6%
1930 514 2.4%
1940 640 24.5%
1950 763 19.2%
1960 1,458 91.1%
1970 2,883 97.7%
1980 5,764 99.9%
1990 7,242 25.6%
2000 10,345 42.8%
2010 14,541 40.6%
Iowa Data Center


2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 14,541 people, 5,459 households, and 3,945 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,555.2 inhabitants per square mile (600.5 /km2). There were 5,702 housing units at an average density of 609.8 per square mile (235.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 1.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.

There were 5,459 households of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.1% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.7% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the city was 33.7 years. 30% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.4% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 9.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 10,345 people, 3,850 households, and 2,895 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,835.4 people per square mile (708.2/km²). There were 3,959 housing units at an average density of 557.3 per square mile (215.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.11% White, 0.92% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.41% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.65% of the population.

There were 3,850 households out of which 43.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 19.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.08.

Age spread: 30.6% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,162, and the median income for a family was $58,306. Males had a median income of $36,030 versus $28,205 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,336. About 4.0% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Altoona (along with nearby Runnells, Mitchellville, and parts of Pleasant Hill and Des Moines) is a part of the Southeast Polk Community School District, and its students attend Southeast Polk High School. The town is home to four of the eight elementary schools in the district: Altoona, Centennial, Clay, and Willowbrook. The current Altoona Elementary building also served as the town's high school until it joined the Southeast Polk consolidation in 1962.

Notable people[edit]

Altoona's mayors[edit]

In office Mayor
1876 F.E. English
1877 Thomas Haines
1878 William Douglas
1879 B.W. Henry
1880 M. Madagan
1881 E. Chavannes
1882 William Douglas
1883-1884 James Porter
1885 R.C. Lain
1886-1887 W.H. Baker
1888-1889 W.J. Combs
1890 E.R. Witter
1891 W.J. Combs
1892 F. Henshaw
1893-1894 Ferdinand Burkhardt
1895 Ely Snyder
1896 E.R. Slai
1897 Harvey Yant
1898-1900 I.A. Ogden
1901 F.M. West
1902-1903 R.G. Shipley
1904-1905 J.P. Hewitt
1906 M.W. Wilson
1907 R. Madagan
1908-1909 J.D. Williams
1910 M.W. Wilson
1911-1913 C.C. Lang
1914-1915 N.B. Shaffer
1916-1917 J.C. Jones
1918-1919 J.O. Lee
1920 J.C. Jones
1921 G.A. Bonnewell
1922-1923 A.A. Yount
1924-1925 J.C. Jones
1926-1927 C.W. Britton
1928-1929 C.L. Bane
1930-1931 Alden M. Peterson
1932-1933 C.L. Bane
1934 William Carpenter
1934-1935 Wesley L. McQuerry
1936-1953 George Heller
1954-1957 Frank Long
1958-1959 Paul Workman
1960-1962 L.J. Sam Wise
1963 Lloyd Sievers
1964-1973 L.J. Sam Wise
1974-1979 Lloyd Sievers
1980-1987 L.J. Sam Wise
1988-2011 Tim Burget
2012–Present J.M. Skip Conkling

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ City of Altoona (2005). "Council Minutes, December 19, 2005" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2006-03-19. Retrieved 2006-05-17. 
  5. ^ Henning, Barbara Beving Long; Patrice K. Beam (2003). Des Moines and Polk County: Flag on the Prairie. Sun Valley, California: American Historical Press. ISBN 1-892724-34-0. 
  6. ^ Trade Unions in Iowa – Table No. 1, Mine Workers of America, United, Tenth Biennial Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the State of Iowa, 1901–1902, Murphy, Des Moines, 1903; page 232.
  7. ^ Coldewey, Devin. "http://www.nbcnews.com/technology/wind-farm-meets-server-farm-latest-facebook-data-center-2D11591372". NBC News. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]